Congress Profiles

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3rd Congress (1793–1795)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 105 Representatives
  • 1 Delegate

Party Divisions:*

  • 51 Pro-Administration
  • 54 Anti-Administration

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_muhlenberg_2005_16_1-1.xml Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg of Pennsylvania was elected the first Speaker of the House on April 1, 1789.

Congress Overview

With the outbreak of war in Europe President George Washington—with Congress’ support—famously declared U.S neutrality. The problems abroad threatened America’s trade, however, and Congress was forced to create the U.S. Navy in order to protect the nation’s merchants from the Barbary Pirates off Africa’s Mediterranean coast. Following the Jay Treaty with Great Britain, partisan rancor erupted again; many in Congress charged the administration with prioritizing commercial and diplomatic relations with England. On the domestic front, the anti-tax sentiment that spawned the “Whiskey Rebellion” in western Pennsylvania became a powerful influence in the formation of the country’s political parties.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 1st Congress. [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
Frederick A.C. Muhlenberg, Pennsylvania
Clerk of the House:
John Beckley
Sergeant at Arms:
Joseph Wheaton
Chaplain of the House:
Ashbel Green – Presbyterian
Gifford Dalley

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section