*Party division totals are based on election day results.
The 1840 elections put the Whigs in control of Congress and the presidency for the first time. President William Henry Harrison died a month later, however, and John Tyler—the first vice president to assume the executive’s office in U.S. history—wasted little time before vetoing the Whig’s signature piece of legislation creating the Third Bank of the United States. The 27th Congress (1841–1843) also passed the Apportionment Act of 1842 which specified that a House district could only be represented by a single Representative.
To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section
1Elected May 31, 1841
2Elected June 8, 1841