*Party division totals are based on election day results.
/tiles/non-collection/I/InterioroftheHouse_2005_041_000.xmlCollection of the U.S. House of Representatives About this objectIn 1831, the House Chamber was located in what is now Statuary Hall.
Tariff politics dominated the 22nd Congress (1831–1833). Increasing Southern complaints over the 1828 “Tariff of Abominations” prompted passage of a revision in 1832. Still disgruntled, South Carolinians championed nullification, a doctrine that would allow each state to judge the constitutionality of federal laws. In response, Congress passed a Compromise Tariff in 1833 and authorized the military to uphold it. A Whig effort to renew the Second Bank of the United States before its charter expired provoked a veto from President Andrew Jackson—the first veto in American history based on policy rather than on legal grounds.
The House’s original John Cranch portrait of John Quincy Adams—the only President of the United States to serve in Congress after his presidency—was destroyed in a fire in 1851. A century and a half later, …