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22nd Congress (1831–1833)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 213 Representatives
  • 3 Delegates

Party Divisions:*

  • 66 Anti-Jacksons
  • 126 Jacksons
  • 17 Anti-Masonics
  • 4 Nullifiers

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

Interior of the House of Representatives, Washington/tiles/non-collection/I/InterioroftheHouse_2005_041_000.xml Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
In 1831, the House Chamber was located in what is now Statuary Hall.

Congress Overview

Tariff politics dominated the 22nd Congress (1831–1833). Increasing Southern complaints over the 1828 “Tariff of Abominations” prompted passage of a revision in 1832. Still disgruntled, South Carolinians championed nullification, a doctrine that would allow each state to judge the constitutionality of federal laws. In response, Congress passed a Compromise Tariff in 1833 and authorized the military to uphold it. A Whig effort to renew the Second Bank of the United States before its charter expired provoked a veto from President Andrew Jackson—the first veto in American history based on policy rather than on legal grounds.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 22nd Congress. [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
Andrew Stevenson (D–Virginia)
Clerk of the House:
Matthew St. Clair Clarke
Sergeant at Arms:
John O. Dunn
Chaplain of the House:
Ralph Randolph Gurley – Presbyterian
Reuben Post – Presbyterian
William Hammett – Methodist
Overton Carr

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section