Congress Profiles

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20th Congress (1827–1829)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 213 Representatives
  • 3 Delegates

Party Divisions:*

  • 100 Adams
  • 113 Jacksons

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

Andrew Stevenson/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_Stevenson_2005_16_11_1.xml Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
Speaker of the House Andrew Stevenson of Virginia served four consecutive terms as Speaker.

Congress Overview

The Jacksonians won control of the House and maintained control over the Senate in 1826. But like earlier, the 20th Congress (1827–1829) spent much of its legislative energy preparing for the upcoming presidential election. Andrew Jackson was summarily denigrated or praised in bill after bill. The legacy of this Congress was the “Tariff of Abominations” which drastically raised tariff rates in favor of New England and the Middle Atlantic states at the expense of the South. John Randolph of Virginia dismissed the tariff as a Jacksonian bill for “the manufacture of a President.”

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 20th Congress. [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
Andrew Stevenson (D–Virginia)
Clerk of the House:
Matthew St. Clair Clarke
Sergeant at Arms:
John O. Dunn
Chaplain of the House:
Reuben Post – Presbyterian
Benjamin Burch

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section