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13th Congress (1813–1815)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 182 Representatives
  • 4 Delegates

Party Divisions:*

  • 68 Federalists
  • 114 Democratic Republicans

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

Langdon Cheves/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_cheves_2005_16_8_1.xml Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
Langdon Cheves of South Carolina served as Speaker during the second session of the 13th Congress.

Congress Overview

The War of 1812 ruined the country’s finances and forced the 13th Congress (1813–1815) to authorize new loans to keep fighting. The U.S. military struggled on the battlefield and British forces burned Washington in August 1814, retaliating for the burning of York, Canada. Congress met near the smoldering Capitol, voting to remain in Washington and to rebuild the Library of Congress by purchasing former President Thomas Jefferson’s library. Henry Clay temporarily left the speakership to help negotiate the Treaty of Ghent, which ended the war and squelched a growing secession movement in New England.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 13th Congress. [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
Henry Clay (D–Kentucky) 1
Langdon Cheves (D–South Carolina)
Clerk of the House:
Patrick Magruder
Thomas Dougherty
Sergeant at Arms:
Thomas Dunn
Chaplain of the House:
Jesse Lee – Methodist
Obadiah Bruen Brown – Baptist
Thomas Claxton

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section


1Resigned from the House of Representatives, January 19, 1814.