*Party division totals are based on election day results.
/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_cheves_2005_16_8_1.xmlCollection of the U.S. House of Representatives About this objectLangdon Cheves of South Carolina served as Speaker during the second session of the 13th Congress.
The War of 1812 ruined the country’s finances and forced the 13th Congress (1813–1815) to authorize new loans to keep fighting. The U.S. military struggled on the battlefield and British forces burned Washington in August 1814, retaliating for the burning of York, Canada. Congress met near the smoldering Capitol, voting to remain in Washington and to rebuild the Library of Congress by purchasing former President Thomas Jefferson’s library. Henry Clay temporarily left the speakership to help negotiate the Treaty of Ghent, which ended the war and squelched a growing secession movement in New England.
The area near New Madrid, Missouri, experienced three devastating earthquakes between 1811 and 1812. The first earthquake on December 16, 1811, was felt as far away as Canada and the Gulf Coast, causing …