Congress Profiles

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10th Congress (1807–1809)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 142 Representatives
  • 3 Delegates

Party Divisions:*

  • 26 Federalists
  • 116 Democratic Republicans

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

Joseph Bradley Varnum/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_varnum_2005_16_6-1.xml Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
Massachusetts Representative Joseph Varnum served two terms as Speaker of the House before winning election the Senate.

Congress Overview

The Franco-English war spilled into the Atlantic as both sides restricted neutral shipping. In response, President Thomas Jefferson urged Congress to embargo all U.S. trade with the belligerents as long as the war raged. Congress quickly passed the Embargo Act, but rampant smuggling soon led to an Enforcement Act that greatly extended the police power of the Federal Government. Just days before President Jefferson left office, Congress replaced the embargo with the Nonintercourse Act. It banned trade with Great Britain and France until one or both recognized neutral shipping rights.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 1st Congress. [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
Joseph B. Varnum (D–Massachusetts)
Clerk of the House:
Patrick Magruder
Sergeant at Arms:
Joseph Wheaton
Chaplain of the House:
Obadiah Bruen Brown – Baptist
Robert Elliot – Presbyterian
Thomas Claxton

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section