Future Representative Robert Smalls of South Carolina first made national news in 1862. As an enslaved person, he was conscripted into the Confederate Army and served on the Planter, an ammunitions transport ship. On May 13, the Black crew captained by Smalls hijacked the ship and delivered it to the Union Navy. Smalls became a celebrity. He was a spokesperson for African Americans and served in the Union armed forces. During the war, he also led one of the first mass boycotts of segregated public transportation, after he was removed from a white-only streetcar in Philadelphia. He was first elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1874.