In 1943, a Naval Affairs subcommittee investigated overcrowding and poor conditions in cities critical to war production. The subcommittee visited five areas, including the San Francisco Bay, where populations around naval facilities had suddenly swelled during World War II. Representative Margaret Chase Smith, standing on the staircase at left, toured a house in Oakland, California, during the investigation. Members found problems with transportation, sanitation, and housing, among other issues. The subcommittee made recommendations for federal assistance.