Democratic Caucus Chairmen (1849 to present)

Samuel Randall Carte-de-visite/tiles/non-collection/i/im_people_demcaucus_2006_056_005.xml Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
Democratic Caucus Chairman Samuel Randall of Pennsylvania later served as Speaker of the House.
The House Democratic Caucus Chairman presides over caucus meetings, which are composed of all members of the Democratic party. The chair is elected by the caucus, and is limited to two consecutive full terms. A list of House Democratic Chairmen from 1849 to present is presented below.

The House Democratic Caucus serves as the organizational forum to elect party leaders at the outset of each new Congress. The caucus meets on a weekly basis to discuss party policy,  pending legislative issues, and other matters of mutual concern. Further information on the caucus'  current activities is available on the House Democratic Caucus Web site.

There is no clear data on Democratic Caucus Chairmen for the 32nd, 35th, 37th-40th, 42nd, and 47th Congresses.

Congress and Years Name State or Territory
31st (1849–1851) THOMPSON, James PA
33rd (1853–1855) OLDS, Edson Baldwin OH
34th (1855–1857) JONES, George Washington TN
36th (1859–1861) HOUSTON, George Smith AL
41st (1869–1871) NIBLACK, William Ellis 1 IN
41st (1869–1871) RANDALL, Samuel Jackson PA
43rd (1873–1875) NIBLACK, William Ellis IN
44th (1875–1877) LAMAR, Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus MS
45th (1877–1879) CLYMER, Hiester PA
46th (1879–1881) HOUSE, John Ford TN
48th (1883–1885) GEDDES, George Washington OH
49th (1885–1887) TUCKER, John Randolph VA
50th (1887–1889) COX, Samuel Sullivan 2 NY
51st (1889–1891) HOLMAN, William Steele IN
52nd (1891–1893) HOLMAN, William Steele IN
53rd (1893–1895) HOLMAN, William Steele IN
54th (1895–1897) CULBERSON, David Browning TX
55th (1897–1899) RICHARDSON, James Daniel TN
56th (1899–1901) HAY, James VA
57th (1901–1903) HAY, James VA
58th (1903–1905) HAY, James VA
59th (1905–1907) HENRY, Robert Lee TX
60th (1907–1909) CLAYTON, Henry De Lamar AL
61st (1909–1911) CLAYTON, Henry De Lamar 3 AL
62nd (1911–1913) BURLESON, Albert Sidney 4 TX
63rd (1913–1915) PALMER, Alexander Mitchell PA
64th (1915–1917) SAUNDERS, Edward Watts VA
65th (1917–1919) SAUNDERS, Edward Watts VA
66th (1919–1921) DEWALT, Arthur Granville PA
67th (1921–1923) RAYBURN, Samuel Taliaferro TX
68th (1923–1925) RAINEY, Henry Thomas IL
69th (1925–1927) CARTER, Charles David OK
70th (1927–1929) GREENWOOD, Arthur Herbert IN
71st (1929–1931) 5 KINCHELOE, David Hayes KY
72nd (1931–1933) ARNOLD, William Wright IL
73rd (1933–1935) LEA, Clarence Frederick CA
74th (1935–1937) TAYLOR, Edward Thomas CO
75th (1937–1939) DOUGHTON, Robert Lee NC
76th (1939–1941) MCCORMACK, John William 6 MA
77th (1941–1943) DUNCAN, Richard Meloan MO
78th (1943–1945) SHEPPARD, Harry Richard CA
79th (1945–1947) COOPER, Jere TN
80th (1947–1949) FORAND, Aime Joseph RI
81st (1949–1951) WALTER, Francis Eugene PA
82nd (1951–1953) COOPER, Jere TN
83rd (1953–1955) MILLS, Wilbur Daigh AR
84th (1955–1957) ROONEY, John James NY
85th (1957–1959) PRICE, Charles Melvin IL
86th (1959–1961) PRICE, Charles Melvin IL
87th (1961–1963) WALTER, Francis Eugene PA
88th (1963–1965) WALTER, Francis Eugene 7 PA
88th (1963–1965) THOMAS, Albert 8 TX
89th (1965–1967) KEOGH, Eugene James NY
90th (1967–1969) ROSTENKOWSKI, Daniel David IL
91st (1969–1971) ROSTENKOWSKI, Daniel David IL
92nd (1971–1973) TEAGUE, Olin Earl TX
93rd (1973–1975) TEAGUE, Olin Earl TX
94th (1975–1977) BURTON, Phillip CA
95th (1977–1979) FOLEY, Thomas Stephen WA
96th (1979–1981) FOLEY, Thomas Stephen WA
97th (1981–1983) LONG, Gillis William LA
98th (1983–1985) LONG, Gillis William LA
99th (1985–1987) GEPHARDT, Richard Andrew MO
100th (1987–1989) GEPHARDT, Richard Andrew MO
101st (1989–1991) GRAY, William Herbert, III 9 PA
101st (1989–1991) HOYER, Steny Hamilton 10 MD
102nd (1991–1993) HOYER, Steny Hamilton MD
103rd (1993–1995) HOYER, Steny Hamilton MD
104th (1995–1997) FAZIO, Victor Herbert, Jr. CA
105th (1997–1999) FAZIO, Victor Herbert, Jr. CA
106th (1999–2001) FROST, Jonas Martin TX
107th (2001–2003) FROST, Jonas Martin TX
108th (2003–2005) MENENDEZ, Robert NJ
109th (2005–2007) MENENDEZ, Robert 11 NJ
109th (2005–2007) CLYBURN, James Enos 12 SC
110th (2007–2009) EMANUEL, Rahm IL
111th (2009–2011) LARSON, John B. CT
112th (2011–2013) LARSON, John B. CT
113th (2013–2015) BECERRA, Xavier CA
114th (2015–2017) BECERRA, Xavier CA

Footnotes

1Valerie Heitshusen,"Party Leaders in the United States Congress, 1789–2015," 19 February 2015, Report RL 30567, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. Caucus records show Representatives Niblack and Randall as both having served as Democratic Caucus Chairman during the Congress, but no dates of service were specified.

2Heitshusen, "Party Leaders in the United States Congress, 1789–2015." Former Parliamentarian Clarence Cannon's notes state, "Cox died during this Congress and [Representative James B.] McCreary evidently succeeded or acted for him." However, Representative Cox died on September 10, 1889, six months after the sine die adjournment of the 50th Congress and the convening of the 51st Congress.

3Heitshusen, "Party Leaders in the United States Congress, 1789–2015." Caucus records are contradictory for this period. They show the election of Representative James Hay as Democratic Caucus Chairman on January 19, 1911, but do not mention a resignation by incumbent chairman Clayton, nor do they specify that Hay was elected chairman for the new Congress. Later, they show the election of Representative Burleson on April 11, 1911.

4Heitshusen, "Party Leaders in the United States Congress, 1789–2015." Caucus records are contradictory for this period. They show the election of Representative James Hay as Democratic Caucus Chairman on January 19, 1911, but do not mention a resignation by incumbent chairman Clayton, nor do they specify that Hay was elected chairman for the new Congress. Later, they show the election of Representative Burleson on April 11, 1911.

5Resigned from the House, October 5, 1930; there is no record of an election to fill the vacancy as caucus chair.

6Resigned as Democratic Caucus Chairman following election as Majority Leader on September 16, 1940; records do not indicate that a successor was chosen during the remainder of the Congress.

7Died in office, May 31, 1963.

8Elected Democratic Caucus Chairman on January 21, 1964.

9Resigned as Democratic Caucus Chairman on June 14, 1989.

10Elected Democratic Caucus Chairman on June 21, 1989.

11Resigned from the House of Representatives on January 16, 2006, after he was appointed to the U.S. Senate.

12Elected Democratic Caucus Chairman on December 16, 2005, and assumed office on January 18, 2006, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Democratic Caucus Chairman Robert Menendez.