STEVENS, Thaddeus

STEVENS, Thaddeus
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
1792–1868

Biography

STEVENS, Thaddeus, a Representative from Pennsylvania; born in Danville, Caledonia County, Vt. April 4, 1792; attended Peacham Academy and the University of Vermont at Burlington; was graduated from Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H., in 1814; moved to Pennsylvania in 1814; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1816 and commenced practice in Gettysburg; member of the State house of representatives 1833-1835, 1837, and 1841; delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1838; appointed as a canal commissioner in 1838; moved to Lancaster, Pa., in 1842; elected as a Whig to the Thirty-first and Thirty-second Congresses (March 4, 1849-March 3, 1853); elected as a Republican to the Thirty-sixth and to the four succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1859, until his death; chairman, Committee on Ways and Means (Thirty-seventh and Thirty-eighth Congresses), Committee on Appropriations (Thirty-ninth and Fortieth Congresses); chairman of the managers appointed by the House of Representatives in 1868 to conduct the impeachment proceedings against Andrew Johnson, President of the United States; died in Washington, D.C., on August 11, 1868; interment in Shreiner's Cemetery, Lancaster, Pa.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Dartmouth College Library
Rauner Special Collections Library

Hanover, NH
Papers: 1819-1868, 14 items. Includes correspondence between Thaddeus Stevens and Dartmouth College, John O'Brien, and William P. Fessenden. Also includes an address or essay written for Thaddeus Stevens's graduation from Dartmouth dated July 9, 1814.

Alabama Department of Archives and History, State of Alabama

Montgomery, AL
Papers: In the Durr Family Papers, 1868-1968, 2.3 cubic feet. Subjects covered include Thaddeus Stevens. A series description and index are available in the repository.

Colorado College
Special Collections, Tutt Library

Colorado Springs, CO
Papers: In the Edgar Mellen Ensign Autograph Book, ca. 1900, 1 volume. A collection of 38 autographs of prominent 19th century Americans, including Thaddeus Stevens. An unpublished index is available in the library.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: In the Kelley Family Papers, 1681-1936, 1800 items. Correspondents include Thaddeus Stevens. Microfilm is available for part of the collection.

Duke University Library
Rare Book, Manuscript and Special Collections Library

Durham, NC
Papers: In the David McConaughy Papers, 1836-1901, 42 items. Correspondents include Thaddeus Stevens. The collection is unprocessed.

Harvard University
Houghton Library

Cambridge, MA
Papers: ca. 1835-1935, 0.5 linear foot. Contains correspondence of Thaddeus Stevens concerning politics, legal affairs, and his iron business, as well as correspondence with his nephews. Also includes accounts, photographs, and printed materials. An unpublished finding aid is available in the repository as well as online: http://oasis.harvard.edu/html/hou00519frames.html.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In the Biddle Family Papers, 1688-1883, 33 linear feet. Correspondents include Thaddeus Stevens. A folder level inventory is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Salmon Portland Chase Papers, 1824-1882, 12 linear feet. Subjects covered include Thaddeus Stevens. An inventory is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Thompson Family Papers, 1607-1903, 16 linear feet. Subjects covered include Thaddeus Stevens.

Historical Society of Washington, D.C.

Washington, DC
Papers: 1864, 1 item. A letter of recommendation for Jacob C. Miller from Thaddeus Stevens to Gideon Welles written on January 11, 1864.
Papers: In the Richard L. and Vinnie Ream Hoxie Papers, 1862-1921, 0.25 linear foot. Correspondents include Thaddeus Stevens. A finding aid is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Thaddeus Stevens Elementary School Centennial Collection, 1954-1977, 1 folder. Representatives from municipalities and institutions with ties to Thaddeus Stevens were asked to send a letter to the Principal of Stevens Elementary School, Lydia C. Williams, on the occasion of the school's 100th anniversary. Included are letters from the Gettysburg (Pa.) National Bank, the Pittsburgh Public Schools, the Thaddeus Stevens Trade School (Lancaster, Pa.), the Thad Stevens School (Pittsburgh, Pa.), municipalities of Danville, St. Johnsbury, and Peacham (Vt.), the University of Vermont (Burlington), Lincoln Intermediate Unit No.12 school (New Oxford, Pa.), and Gettysburg College, from which there is also a photograph of Stevens Hall, "now used as a women's dormitory." A 1971 press release from William H. Waters, public relations counselor with the D.C. Board of Education, notes that a Thaddeus Stevens portrait was presented to the school and provides a biographical sketch of Stevens. The collection also includes photocopies of articles about Stevens from two biographical encyclopedias; a clipping from the Washington Afro-American, 1 January 1977, "Letter to Amy Carter: ex-pupil tells President's daughter about her new school: Stevens"; and photocopies of three student essays on Thaddeus Stevens (one by Signe L. Wagnild, dated 20 May 1954; one by Kitty Wenschhof, undated; one lacking name and date).

Indiana Historical Society

Indianapolis, IN
Papers: In the Samuel Merrill Papers, 1812-1934, 18 boxes. Correspondents include Thaddeus Stevens. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1813-1868, 19 containers. Includes correspondence and financial papers, speeches, news clippings, and other printed matter, relating chiefly to his service in Congress, the Civil War, and family and business affairs. A register is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Joshua R. Giddings Papers, 1821-1866, 2.5 cubic feet. Other authors include Thaddeus Stevens. An inventory is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Edward McPherson Papers, 1738-1936, 23 feet. Includes estate papers and research papers for a biography of Thaddeus Stevens.

Minnesota Historical Society

St. Paul, MN
Papers: In the John Bachop Gilfillan Papers, 1821-1864, 1 folder and 1 volume. Correspondents include Thaddeus Stevens. An inventory is available in the repository.

The Morgan Library
Literary & Historical Manuscripts

New York, NY
Papers: 1838, 1 item. A letter from Thaddeus Stevens to N. Biddle dated August 27, 1838. The letter concerns the election of railroad officers.

National Archives and Records Administration
Center for Legislative Archives

Washington, DC
Papers: In the records of the Committee on Ways and Means, 37th Congress, amount unknown. The records include private correspondence of Thaddeus Stevens (37A-E20.16).

New York State Library
Manuscripts and Special Collections

Albany, NY
Papers: In the Autographs of American authors and statesmen collection, ca. 1770-1865, 1 box. Subjects covered include Thaddeus Stevens. An unpublished inventory is available in the repository.

Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission
Pennsylvania State Archives

Harrisburg, PA
Papers: 1833-1865, 0.2 cubic foot. Includes correspondence from Thaddeus Stevens concerning business and personal matters.

Pennsylvania State University
Special Collections Library, Paterno Library

University Park, PA
Papers: In the Charlotte Hanes Harding Autographs Collection, 1744-1928, 0.45 cubic foot. Correspondents include Thaddeus Stevens. A finding aid is available in the repository and online: http://www.libraries.psu.edu/crsweb/speccol/FindingAids/harding.html.
Papers: In the Autographs Collection, 1682-1972, 0.45 cubic foot. The collection is in the Historical Collections and Labor Archives, University Libraries. Other authors include Thaddeus Stevens. A finding aid is available in the repository and online: http://www.libraries.psu.edu/crsweb/speccol/FindingAids/autographs.html.

Rutgers University Libraries
Special Collections and University Archives

New Brunswick, NJ
Papers: In the Isaac H. Williamson Papers, 1817-1846, 26 items. Correspondents include Thaddeus Stevens.

Stanford University
Special Collections & University Archives, Green Library

Stanford, CA
Papers: In the Elmer E. Robinson Americana Collection, 1765-1969, 1.75 linear feet. Subjects covered include Thaddeus Stevens. An unpublished guide is available in the repository.

Temple University Libraries
Special Collections

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In the Collection of autographed American correspondence, 1832-1969, 35 items. Correspondents include Thaddeus Stevens. A shelf list is available in the repository.

Texas Tech University

Lubbock, TX
Papers: n.d., 1 page. A letter from Thaddeus Stevens to T.O. Brian concerning a bill to a coal company.

University of Chicago Library
Butler-Gunsaulus Collection

Chicago, IL
Papers: 1834, 1 item. A letter from Thaddeus Stevens to Morrill Stevens written on June 28, 1934. In the letter, Thaddeus Stevens writes that he has received numerous requests asking him to be the Antimasonic Party's gubernatorial candidate. He also refers to an investment he made in the iron business.

University of Iowa Libraries
Special Collections Department

Iowa City, IA
Papers: 1850, 1 item. A letter from Thaddeus Stevens to Dr. A. [?]lps on March 13, 1850. In the letter, Thaddeus Stevens gives his thanks for a letter of approval.
Papers: In the John B. Barton Papers, 1866, 1 item. A letter from John B. Barton to the Honorable Thaddeus Stevens written on September 28, 1866. In the letter, John Barton refers to the possible complicity of Mr. Davis in the assassination of President Lincoln.
Papers: In the James Gillespie Blaine Papers, 1860, 1 item. A letter from James Gillespie Blaine to W.P. Fessenden written on February 26, 1860. The letter concerns James Blaine's support of W.P. Fessenden at the Republican National Convention and regards other possible candidates. Subjects covered include Thaddeus Stevens.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: In the Louis Charles Karpinski Papers, 1901-1955, 3 linear feet. Correspondents include Thaddeus Stevens. A finding aid is available in the library.

University of Utah
Manuscripts Division, Marriott Library

Salt Lake City, UT
Papers: In the Fawn McKay Brodie Papers, 1943-1983, 25 linear feet. Subjects covered include Thaddeus Stevens. A preliminary catalogue is available in the repository.

University of Wyoming Library

Laramie, WY
Microfilm: 1813-1869, 5 linear feet. Microfilm of the manuscript collection housed in the Library of Congress, Manuscript Division.

Yale University
Manuscripts and Archives, Sterling Memorial Library

New Haven, CT
Papers: In the William Smith Mason Autograph Collection, 1800-1929, 0.25 linear foot. Subjects covered include Thaddeus Stevens. An unpublished finding aid is available in the repository.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

[Atlee, Benjamin C.] Thaddeus Stevens and slavery. Lancaster, Pa.: N.p., 1911.

Berlin, Jean V. "Thaddeus Stevens and His Biographers." Pennsylvania History 60 (April 1993): 153-62.

Boyd, Charles W. Your Legacy from Thaddeus Stevens: Republican of the First Kind. Chicago, Ill.: USA: Bomax Publishers, 1987.

Brodie, Fawn (McKay). Thaddeus Stevens, Scourge of the South. New York: Norton, 1959.

Bryand-Jones, Mildred. "The Relation of Thaddeus Stevens to National Developments." Ph.D. diss., Loyola University of Chicago, 1940.

Buckmaster, Henrietta, pseud. The Fighting Congressmen: Thaddeus Stephens, Hiram Revels, James Rapier, Blanche K. Bruce. [New York]: Scholastic Book Services, [1971].

[Buehrle, Robert Koch]. Thaddeus Stevens' attitude toward the Omnibus bill. Lancaster: N.p., 1911.

Callender, Edward Belcher. Thaddeus Stevens: Commoner. Boston: A. Williams, 1882. Reprint, New York: AMS Press, 1972.

Colfax, Schuyler. Speeches of Messrs. Colfax, of Indiana, and Thaddeus Stevens of Penn. [Washington, D.C.: Scammell & Co., printers, 1862].

Current, Richard N. Old Thad Stevens: A Story of Ambition. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1942.

Foner, Eric. "Thaddeus Stevens and the Imperfect Republic." Pennsylvania History 60 (April 1993): 140-52.

Glatfelter, Charles H. "Thaddeus Stevens in the Cause of Education: The Gettysburg Years." Pennsylvania History 60 (April 1993): 163-75.

[Haldeman, Horace L.]. Thaddeus Stevens and the southern states. Lancaster, Pa.: N.p., 1913.

Harris, Alexander. A review of the political conflict in America, from the commencement of the anti-slavery agitation to the close of southern reconstruction; comprising also a résumé of the career of Thaddeus Stevens: Being a survey of the struggle of parties, which destroyed the Republic and virtually monarchized its Government. New York, T.H. Pollock, 1876. Reprint, Westport, Conn.: Negro Universities Press, 1970.

Hensel, William Uhler. Thaddeus Stevens as a country lawyer; address before the Pennsylvania state bar association at Bedford Springs, Pa., June 27, 1906. [Philadelphia: Press of G. H. Buchanan Company, 1906?]

Hoelscher, Robert J. "Thaddeus Stevens as a Lancaster Politician 1842-1868." Journal of the Lancaster County Historical Society 78 (1974): 157-213.

Kazarian, Richard, Jr. "Working Radicals: The Early Political Careers of William Seward, Thaddeus Stevens, Henry Wilson, Charles Sumner, Salmon P. Chase and Hannibal Hamlin." Ph.D. diss., Brown University, 1981.

Korngold, Ralph. Thaddeus Stevens: A Being Darkly Wise and Rudely Great. New York: Harcourt, 1955.

Landis, Charles I. (Charles Israel). Thaddeus Stevens, a letter written to the Daily New era, Lancaster, Pa. by Hon. Charles I. Landis, President Judge of the Second Judicial District of Pennsylvania. Lancaster, Pa.: Press of the New Era Company, 1916.

Lawson, Elizabeth. Thaddeus Stevens. New York: International Publishers, 1942.

McCall, Samuel Walker. Thaddeus Stevens. (American Statesmen, Vol. 31) Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1899. Reprint, New York: AMS Press, 1972.

Miller, Alphonse Bertram. Thaddeus Stevens. New York, London: Harper & Brothers, 1939.

Milton, Meltzer. Thaddeus Stevens and the Fight for Negro Rights. Ty Crowell Co., 1967.

Palmer, Beverly Wilson, ed. The Thaddeus Stevens Papers: A Guide and Index to the Microfilm Edition. Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources, Inc., 1994.

Robertson, Andrew. "The Idealist as Opportunist: An Analysis of Thaddeus Stevens' Support in Lancaster County, 1843-1866." Journal of the Lancaster County Historical Society 84 (Easter 1980): 49-107.

Smock, Raymond W. "Searching For The Political Legacy of Thaddeus Stevens." Pennsylvania History 60 (April 1993): 189-95.

Stafford, Wendell Phillips. Thaddeus Stevens; an address. [N.p., 1907].

Stevens, Thaddeus. Basis of representation: Speech of Hon. Thaddeus Stevens, of Pennsylvania: Delivered in the House of Representatives, January 31, 1866. Washington, D.C.: McGill & Witherow, printers and stereotypers, 1866.

------. The best means of subduing the rebellion. Speech of Hon. Thaddeus Stevens, of Pennsylvania. Delivered in the House of Representatives, January 22, 1862. [Washington, D.C.: Scammell & Co., printers, 1862].

------. Charges made by the Indiana State Board of Health against Thad. M. Stevens, M.D. ... : Together with answers to such charges, with an appendix, containing statements offered in proof and other matters. Indianapolis, Ind.: Sentinel Co., 1883.

------. The famous speech of Hon. Thaddeus Stevens of Pennsylvania in opposition to the repeal of the Common School Law of 1834, in the House of Representatives of Pennsylvania, April 11, 1835 [microform]. Philadelphia: Thaddeus Stevens Memorial Association of Philadelphia, 1904.

------. Free-masonry unmasked. Gettysburg, Pa.: R. W. Middleton, 1835.

------. Government contracts. Washington, D.C.: Scammell & Co., printers, 1862.

------. Loan to the Republic of Mexico : remarks of Hon. Thaddeus Stevens, of Pennsylvania, delivered in the House of Representatives, June 16, 1866. [Washington, D.C.]: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, [1866].

------. The pending canvass!: Speech of the Hon. Thaddeus Stevens: Delivered at Bedford, Pa. on Tuesday evening, September 4, 1866. Lancaster, Pa.: N.p., 1866.

------. Reconstruction. Speech of the Hon. Thaddeus Stevens, delivered in the City of Lancaster, September 7th, 1865. Lancaster, Pa.: Examiner & Herald Print, 1865.

------. Reconstruction: Speech of Hon. Thaddeus Stevens, of Pennsylvania: Delivered in the House of Representatives of the United States, December 18, 1865. Washington, D.C.: H. Polkinhorn & Son, Printers, [1865].

------. Reconstruction: Speech of Hon. Thaddeus Stevens, of Pennsylvania, delivered in the House of Representatives, March 10, 1866. [Washington, D.C.]: McGill & Witherow, printers and stereotypers, [1866].

------. The selected papers of Thaddeus Stevens. Beverly Wilson Palmer, editor; Holly Byers Ochoa, associate editor. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, c1997-c1998.

------. Some hitherto unpublished correspondence of Thaddeus Stevens. Lancaster, Pa.: N.p., 1931.

------. Speech of Hon. T. Stevens, in reply to attack on Gen. Hunter's letter. [N.p., 1862].

------. Speech of Hon. T. Stevens, of Pennsylvania, delivered in the House of Representatives, March 19, 1867: On the bill (H.R. no. 20) relative to damages to loyal men, and for other purposes. [Washington, D.C.]: Republican Congressional Executive Committee, 1867?]

------. Speech of Hon. T. Stevens, of Pennsylvania, in the House of Representatives, June 11th, 1852, on the public lands--the tariff. [Washington: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, 1852].

------. Speech of Hon. Thaddeus Stevens of Pennsylvania on the abolition of slavery. [Washington, D.C.: N.p., 1864].

------. Speech of Hon. Thaddeus Stevens, of Pennsylvania on the bill to raise additional soldiers. [Washington, D.C.]: Towers & Co., printers, [1863].

------. Speech of Mr. Thaddeus Stevens, of Pennsylvania, in the House of Representatives, on the reference of the President's annual message. Made in Committee of the Whole, February 20, 1850. [Washington: Printed by Buell & Blanchard, 1850].

------. Speech of Thaddeus Stevens in favor of the bill to establish a school of arts in the City of Philadelphia, and to endow the colleges and academies of Pennsylvania: Delivered in the House of Representatives, at Harrisburg, March 10th, 1838. Lancaster, Pa.: Pearsol & Geist, 1865.

------. Speech of Thaddeus Stevens, on the school law: Delivered in the legislature of Pennsylvania, April, 1835. Lancaster: Pearsol & Geist, 1865.

------. State of the Union. Speech of Hon. Thaddeus Stevens, of Pennsylvania. Delivered in the House of Representatives, January 29, 1861. [Washington: N.p., 1861].

------. The Thaddeus Stevens papers [microform]. Beverly Wilson Palmer, editor; Holly Byers Ochoa, assistant editor. Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources, Inc., 1993.

------. The treasury note bill: Speech of Hon. Thaddeus Stevens, of Pennsylvania, delivered in the House of Representatives, February 6, 1862. Washington, D.C.: Scammell & Co., printers, 1862.

Thompson, Carol L. "Thaddeus Stevens: Radical Republican." Current History 14 (May 1948): 277-82.

Trefousse, Hans Louis. Thaddeus Stevens: Nineteenth-Century Egalitarian. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997.

United States. 40th Cong., 3d sess., 1868-1869. House. Memorial addresses on the life and character of Thaddeus Stevens, delivered in the House of Representatives, Washington, D.C., December 17, 1868. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1869.

Williams, T. Harry. "Thaddeus Stevens: An American Radical." Commentary 21 (June 1956): 578-83.

Woodburn, James Albert. The Life of Thaddeus Stevens: A Study in American Political History. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1913.

------. The Life of Thaddeus Stevens: A Study in American Political History. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1913.

Woodley, Thomas Frederick. Great Leveler: The Life of Thaddeus Stevens. Original edition, New York: Stackpole, 1937. Freeport, N.Y.: Books for Libraries Press, 1969.

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