ROUSSEAU, Lovell Harrison

1818–1869

Biography

ROUSSEAU, Lovell Harrison, a Representative from Kentucky; born near Stanford, Lincoln County, Ky., August 4, 1818; attended the common schools; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1841 and began practice in Bloomfield, Ind.; lawyer, private practice; member of the Indiana state house of representatives, 1844-1845; captain in the Mexican War; served in the Indiana state senate, 1847-1849; returned to Kentucky in 1849 and resumed the practice of law in Louisville; member of the Kentucky state senate, 1860-1861; served as a colonel, brigadier general, and major general in the Union Army during the Civil War and resigned November 17, 1865; elected as an Unconditional Unionist to the Thirty-ninth Congress and served until his resignation on July 21, 1866 ( March 4, 1865-July 21, 1866); censured by the U.S. House of Representatives on July 17, 1866, for his assault on U.S. Representative Justin Grinnell of Iowa, in the Capitol Building; subsequently reelected in a special election to fill the vacancy caused by his own resignation (December 3, 1866-March 3, 1867); appointed a brigadier general in the U.S. Army with the brevet rank of major general on March 27, 1867, and assigned to duty in Alaska; on July 28, 1868, was placed in command of the Department of Louisiana and served in that capacity until his death in New Orleans, La., January 7, 1869; interment in Arlington National Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

The Morgan Library
Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts

New York, NY
Papers: 1867-1868, 2 items. Included are two letters from Lovell Harrison Rousseau to President Andrew Johnson. In the letters, Lovell Rousseau recommends R. B. Carpenter of Kentucky for Governor of Idaho, as well as Fletcher B. Cuppy as a Judge of the Court of Claims.

Filson Club Historical Society

Louisville, KY
Papers: In the Charles Lanman Collection, 1819-1895, 1 cubic foot Includes a biographical sketch. An unpublished finding aid is available in the repository.

The Huntington Library
Manuscripts Department

San Marino, CA
Papers: In the B.F. Scribner Papers, 1838-1911, 1,100 items. Other authors include Lovell Harrison Rousseau.

The Rosenbach Museum & Library

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In the Andrew Johnson Papers, 1868, 1 item. Includes a letter from Andrew Johnson directing the military commander of the Department of Louisiana to take necessary steps to prevent rioting in New Orleans, but to leave questions of civil polity to the civil authority. The object is to restore civil government according to the constitution. Other authors include Lovell Harrison Rousseau.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Dawson, Joseph G. "General Lovell H. Rousseau and Louisiana Reconstruction." Louisiana History 20 (Fall 1979): 373-91.

Rousseau, Lovell Harrison. Address of Hon. Lovell H. Rousseau to his constituents. Washington: N.p.: 1866.

------. Speech of Gen. Lovell H. Rousseau...delivered at the great union mass meeting held at Wilmington, Del., on the 3rd of March, 1866... Washington: Printed at the Daily National Intelligencer office, 1866.

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