RAYBURN, Samuel Taliaferro

RAYBURN, Samuel Taliaferro
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
1882–1961

Biography

RAYBURN, Samuel Taliaferro, a Representative from Texas; born near Kingston, Roane County, Tenn., January 6, 1882; moved to Fannin County, Tex., in 1887 with his parents who settled near Windom; attended the rural schools and was graduated from the East Texas Normal College, Commerce, Tex., in 1903; studied law at the University of Texas at Austin; was admitted to the bar in 1908 and commenced practice in Bonham, Fannin County, Tex.; member of the State house of representatives 1907-1913, and served as speaker during the last two years; elected as a Democrat to the Sixty-third and to the twenty-four succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1913, until his death; chairman, Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce (Seventy-second, Seventy-third, and Seventy-fourth Congresses); majority leader (Seventy-fifth and Seventy-sixth Congresses), minority leader (Eightieth and Eighty-third Congresses); elected Speaker of the House of Representatives September 16, 1940, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Speaker William B. Bankhead; reelected Speaker in the Seventy-seventh, Seventy-eighth, Seventy-ninth, Eighty-first, Eighty-second, Eighty-fourth, Eighty-fifth, Eighty-sixth, and Eighty-seventh Congresses; died in Bonham, Tex., November 16, 1961; interment in Willow Wild Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

[ Top ]

External Research Collections

Sam Rayburn Library

Bonham, TX
Microfilm: 1905-1945, 73 reels. Originals from Franklin D. Roosevelt Library and Rayburn Library. Correspondence with family and prominent persons, speeches and other papers relating to his congressional career, and newspapers documenting his years in state legislature. Published guide.
Microfilm: 1913-1961, 65 reels. Constituent correspondence, speeches, and other papers relating to legislation, politics, and national and international affairs. Originals at the Center for American History, University of Texas, Austin.
Oral History: ca. 85 oral histories with colleagues, friends, and family.

University of Texas at Austin
Briscoe Center for American History

Austin, TX
Papers: 1906-1990, approximately 119 feet. The papers of Sam Rayburn include correspondence, speeches, interviews, newspaper clippings, printed materials, financial records, maps, charts, and reports document his political career. The bulk is correspondence from government officials and constituents. Correspondents include Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Lyndon B. Johnson, John F. Kennedy, Hubert H. Humphrey, Adlai E. Stevenson, and John W. McCormack. A small portion comprises Rayburn family correspondence.
Papers: 1935-1968, 2 inches. Copies of Federal Bureau of Information files comprise the Sam Rayburn FBI File, 1935-1968, documenting special investigations and death threats against Sam Rayburn.
Papers: In the Robert L. Hardgrave collection, 1952-1956, 6 items. Correspondents include Sam Rayburn.
Papers: In the D.B. Hardeman collection, 1934-1979, 6 inches. Persons represented include Sam Rayburn.
Papers: In the UT Sam Rayburn Library and Museum collection, 2005-2006, 1 inch. Items relating to the 50th anniversary groundbreaking ceremony at the Sam Rayburn Library and Museum in Bonham, Texas, December 9, 2005: invitations, programs, seating diagrams, speaker bios, napkins, etc. Also material relating to the refurbishing of the museum exhibits.

Duke University
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Durham, NC
Papers: In the Edwin Clarke Gregory papers, 1877-1948; 3,699 items. Persons represented include Sam Rayburn.
Papers: In the Isabella K. Griffin papers, 1944-1947, 34 items. Persons represented include Sam Rayburn.

Indiana Historical Society

Indianapolis, IN
Papers: In the Harry L. Wallace papers, 1955-1987, 1 box. Persons represented include Sam Rayburn.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the James Martin Barnes papers, 1918-1958, 19 linear feet. Persons represented include Sam Rayburn.
Papers: In the Autograph collection of Alfred M. Kunze, 1933-1959, 152 items. Persons represented include Sam Rayburn.
Papers: In the Hope Ridings Miller papers, 1887-1998, 800 items. Persons represented include Sam Rayburn.

Michigan State University Libraries
Special Collections

East Lansing, MI
Sound Tape Reels: ca. 1944-1961, 5 sound tape reels. Assorted recordings with Sam Rayburn.

Rice University
Woodson Research Center

Houston, TX
Papers: In the Chandler Davidson Texas politics research collection, 1967-2007, 6.75 linear feet. Persons represented include Sam Rayburn.
Papers: In the Walter Gardner Hall papers, 1923-1990, 31.5 linear feet. Persons represented include Sam Rayburn.

Syracuse University Libraries
Special Collections Research Center

Syracuse, NY
Papers: In the Robert Lee Sherrod papers, 1910-1963, 25 linear feet. Persons represented include Sam Rayburn.

Texas Tech University
Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library

Lubbock, TX
Papers: In the Millard Cope papers, 1830-1974; approximately 4,452 leaves. Persons represented include Sam Rayburn.
Papers: In the Dorothy Rylander papers, 1854-1988; 12,170 leaves. Persons represented include Sam Rayburn.
Oral History: Katy Rayburn Thomas oral history interview, ca. 1969, 1 sound cassette. Katy Rayburn Thomas, sister of Sam Rayburn, discusses his political career and the Rayburn family.

Tulane University
Louisiana Research Collection

New Orleans, LA
Papers: In the René F. Clerc collection, 1911-1953, 2.5 linear feet. Persons represented include Sam Rayburn.
Papers: In the F. Edward Hébert papers, 1916-1979, 643 linear feet. Persons represented include Sam Rayburn.

University of Kentucky Libraries
Special Collections Library

Lexington, KY
Papers: In the Jouett Shouse papers, 1911-1967; 2,500 pieces. Persons represented include Sam Rayburn.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Southern Historical Collection

Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: In the Samuel Davis McReynolds papers, 1891-1940, approximately 1 linear foot. Persons represented include Sam Rayburn.
Papers: In the Terry Sanford papers, 1946-1993, 95 linear feet. Persons represented include Sam Rayburn.

University of Texas at Arlington
Special Collections

Arlington, TX
Papers: In the James C. Sewell papers, 1950-1972, 2 linear feet. Persons represented include Sam Rayburn.

University of Virginia
Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: In the Alfred Dickinson Barksdale papers, 1905-1973, 7700 items. Persons represented include Sam Rayburn.
Oral History: In the Hugh Scott Oral History Interview Regarding Sam Rayburn, 1980, 1 item. A transcript of an interview of Hugh Scott by Dr. Anthony Champagne of the University of Texas at Dallas, held June 23, 1980. Much of the interview is concerned with former House speaker, Sam Rayburn, although other politicians are mentioned, chiefly in the context of Rayburn's relationships with them.

Wisconsin Historical Society
Library-Archives Division

Madison, WI
Papers: In the Walker Stone papers, 1918-1969, 9.2 cubic feet. Persons represented include Sam Rayburn.
[ Top ]

Bibliography / Further Reading

Allen, Edward. Sam Rayburn: Leading the Lawmakers. Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica Press, 1963.

Brown, D. Clayton. "Sam Rayburn and the Development of Public Power in the Southwest." Southwestern Historical Quarterly 78 (October 1974): 140-54.

------. "The Sam Rayburn Papers: A Preliminary Investigation." American Archivist 35 (July/October 1972): 331-36.

Champagne, Anthony. Congressman Sam Rayburn. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1984.

------. "Sam Rayburn: Achieving Party Leadership." Southwestern Historical Quarterly 90 (April 1987): 373-92.

------. Sam Rayburn: A Bio-Bibliography. New York: Greenwood Press, 1988.

Collier, Everett. "Rayburn for President? A Footnote to the 1952 Election." Texas Quarterly 9 (Winter 1966): 102-6.

Daniel, Edward Oda. "Sam Rayburn: Trials of a Party Man." Ph.D. diss., North Texas State University, 1979.

Dorough, C. Dwight. Mr. Sam. New York: Random House, 1962.

Dulaney, H.G., and Edward Hake Phillips, eds. Impressions of Mr. Sam: A Cartoon Profile. Preface by MacPhelan Reese. Bonham, Tex.: Sam Rayburn Foundation, 1987.

Dulaney, H.G., and MacPhelan Reese, eds. "Speak, Mr. Speaker." Bonham, Tex.: Sam Rayburn Foundation, 1978.

Emswiler, Marilyn. "Mr. Speaker: Sam Rayburn." Texas Historian 33 (March 1973): 20-25.

Faulkner, Georganne. "Rayburn Library: A Political Legacy." Texas Libraries 48 (Winter 1987-1988): 115-18.

Guide to the Microfilm Edition of the Sam Rayburn Papers. Bonham, Tex.: Sam Rayburn Library, 1972.

Hairgrove, Kenneth D. "Sam Rayburn: Congressional Leader, 1940-1952." Ph.D. diss., Texas Tech University, 1974.

Hardeman, D. B. "Sam Rayburn and the House of Representatives." In The Presidency and the Congress: A Shifting Balance of Power?, edited by William S. Livingston, Lawrence C. Dodd, and Richard L. Schott, pp. 226-52. Austin: Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs, University of Texas, 1979.

Hardeman, D.B., and Donald C. Bacon. Rayburn: A Biography. Austin: Texas Monthly Press, 1987.

Hinga, Don. "Sam Rayburn: Texas Squire." Southwest Review 29 (Summer 1944): 471-80.

Little, Dwayne Lee. "The Political Leadership of Speaker Sam Rayburn, 1940-1961." Ph.D. diss., University of Cincinnati, 1970.

Miller, Hope Ridings. "In Memoriam: Mr. Sam." Diplomat 12 (December 1961): 20-21.

Mooney, Booth. Roosevelt and Rayburn: A Political Partnership. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1971.

Nash, Walter C. "Sam Rayburn: The Congressman of the Fourth District." Master's thesis, East Texas State Teachers College, 1950.

Porter, David. "The Battle of the Texas Giants: Hatton Sumners, Sam Rayburn, and the Logan-Walter Bill of 1939." Texana 12 (1973): 349-61.

Rayburn, Sam. "A Teacher Who Seized Time by the Forelock." National Education Association Journal 49 (March 1960): 25.

Riddick, Floyd M. "Sam Rayburn." In Public Men In and Out of Office, edited by John Thomas Salter, pp. 147-66. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1946.

Shanks, Alexander Graham. "Sam Rayburn and the Democratic Convention of 1932." Texana (Winter 1965): 321-32.

------. "Sam Rayburn and the New Deal, 1933-1936." Ph.D. diss., University of North Carolina, 1965.

------. "Sam Rayburn in the Wilson Administration, 1913-1921." East Texas Historical Journal 6 (March 1968): 63-76.

------. "Sam Rayburn: The Texas Politician as New Dealer." East Texas Historical Journal 5 (March 1967): 51-59.

Smallwood, James. "Sam Rayburn and the Rules Committee Change of 1961." East Texas Historical Journal 11 (Spring 1973): 51-54.

Steinberg, Alfred. Sam Rayburn: A Biography. New York: Hawthorn Books, 1975.

U.S. Congress. House. Mr. Speaker: Excerpts from the Congressional Record . . . in Tribute to the Honorable Sam Rayburn, of Bonham, Texas. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1952.

U.S. Congress. House. The Leadership of Sam Rayburn: Collected Tributes of His Congressional Colleagues. 87th Congress. 1st session. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1961.

U.S. Congress. House. Memorial Services Held in the House of Representatives and Senate of the United States, Together with Remarks Presented in Eulogy of Sam Rayburn, Late a Representative of Texas. 87th Congress. 2nd session. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1962.

U.S. Congress. House. Proceedings at the Dedication of the Sam Rayburn statue, main stair hall, Independence Avenue entrance, Rayburn House Office Building, Washington, D.C., January 6, 1965. 89th Congress. 1st session. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1965.

U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on Banking and Currency. Rayburn Medal. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1962.

Young, Valton Joseph. The Speaker's Agent. New York: Vantage Press, Inc., 1956.

[ Top ]

Related Media

Memories of Speaker Sam Rayburn of Texas

Personal memories of Speaker Sam Rayburn of Texas.

Donnald K. Anderson, Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives
Interview recorded January 25, 2006 Deed of Gift
Transcript (PDF)

Opening Day of the 81st Congress

Childhood memories of an opening day of Congress.

Cokie Roberts, Congressional Correspondent and Daughter of Hale and Lindy Boggs of Louisiana
Interview recorded June 23, 2009 Deed of Gift
Transcript (PDF)