MANN, Horace

1796–1859

Biography

MANN, Horace, a Representative from Massachusetts; born in Franklin, Norfolk County, Mass., May 4, 1796; attended the public schools and prepared for college under a private teacher; was graduated from Brown University, Providence, R.I., in 1819; tutored there 1819-1821; studied law in Litchfield, Conn.; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Dedham, Mass., in 1823; member of the State house of representatives 1827-1833; moved to Boston in 1833; commissioner for the revision of the Massachusetts statutes in 1835; member of the State senate 1833-1837 and served as president 1835-1837; secretary of the State board of education 1837-1848 and in this position reorganized the public-school system; elected as a Whig to the Thirtieth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John Quincy Adams; reelected as a Whig to the Thirty-first Congress and as a Free-Soil candidate to the Thirty-second Congress, and served from April 3, 1848, to March 3, 1853; declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1852; declined the nomination for Governor in 1852 to accept the position of president of Antioch College, Yellow Springs, Ohio, and served in that position from 1852 until his death at Yellow Springs, Ohio, August 2, 1859; interment in North Burial Ground, Providence, R.I.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Antioch College
Antiochiana Olive Kettering Library

Yellow Springs, OH
Papers: 1607-1957. In the Robert L. Straker bibliography of Mann/Peabody papers. 12 feet, including 34 binders. Primarily 1830-1880. Papers and correspondence (a minimal amount relating to his congressional service), photographs, portraits, and memorabilia. The binders, arranged chronologically, include genealogical material, correspondence with Mann scholars, and transcribed material from other collections, chiefly the Massachusetts Historical Society. Partial finding aid available.

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 52 items.

Brown University
Hay Library

Providence, RI
Papers: 1829-1856. ca. 150 items. Correspondence and manuscripts of writings. List of correspondents and holdings in library.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1 letter (January 17, 1857) in the W.H. Ferris collection. Finding aid in repository.
Papers: 3 official letters (June 2, 1848; June 13 and November 15, 1853) in the Gay-Otis collection. Finding aid in repository.
Papers: 2 letters (December 1838) in the Plimpton collection. Finding aid in repository.
Papers: 1 letter (n.d.) in the Schang collection. Finding aid in repository.

Dedham Historical Society

Dedham, MA
Papers: 1823-1852. 4 volumes and 24 folders. Lecture notes and other papers.

Jervis Public Library

Rome, NY
Papers: 1848. 1 letter in the Thomas C. Bright autograph collection. Includes plans for a normal school. Finding aid in repository.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1848-1856. 7 items.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: April 27, 1843; August 21, 1856. 2 letters. Finding aid in repository.

University of Virginia Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: 1824-1859. 25 items. Chiefly family letters. Finding aid in repository.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Barnard, Henry. Biographical sketch of Horace Mann, LL.D. St. Louis?: N.p., 1859?

Cassara, Ernest. "Reformer as Politician: Horace Mann and the Anti-Slavery Struggle in Congress, 1848-1853." Journal of American Studies 5 (December 1971): 247-64.

Compayre, Gabriel. Horace Mann and the public schools in the United States. Translated by Mary D. Frost. New York: T. Y. Crowell & Co., [1907].

Culver, Raymond B. Horace Mann and Religion in the Massachusetts Public Schools. New Haven: Yale University Press; London: H. Milford, Oxford University press, 1929. Reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1969.

Downs, Robert Bingham. Horace Mann: Champion of Public Schools. New York: Twayne Publishers, [1974].

Edwards, Cecile Pepin. Horace Mann: Sower of Learning. Illustrated by W. T. Mars. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, [1958].

Gara, Larry. "Horace Mann: Anti-Slavery Congressman." Historian 32 (November 1969): 19-33.

Harris, William Torrey. Horace Mann. Syracuse, N.Y.: C. W. Bardeen, 1896.

Hinsdale, B. A. (Burke Aaron). Horace Mann and the Common School Revival in the United States. New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1898. Reprint, St. Clair Shores, Mich.: Scholarly Press, 1977.

Hubbell, George Allen. Horace Mann and Antioch College. Columbus: N.p., 1905.

------. Horace Mann in Ohio; a study of the application of his public school ideals to college administration. New York: The Macmillan Co.; [etc., etc.], 1900.

Koch, Ernest H. (Ernest Herman). The Spirit of Horace Mann Carries On. A symbolic torch bearer of American ideals is shown in a romantic exposition of modern education. Boston: Meador Publishing Company, 1939.

Lang, Ossian Herbert. Horace Mann: His life and educational work. New York and Chicago: E. L. Kellogg & Co., 1893.

Mann, Horace. Baccalaureate delivered at Antioch College, 1857. [New York: H. Mann, 1857].

------. Education and prosperity. From his Twelfth Annual Report as Secretary of the Massachusetts State Board of Education, 1848. [Boston: Directors of the Old South Work, 1903].

------. A few thoughts for a young man. Boston: Ticknor, Reed and Fields, 1850. Reprint, New York: J. B. Alden, 1890.

------. A few thoughts on the powers and duties of woman: Two lectures. Syracuse: Hall, Mills, 1853.

------. Go forth and teach; an oration delivered before the authorities of the City of Boston, July 4, 1842. Also other materials relating to his life. Centennial edition. Washington, D.C.: Committee on the Horace Mann Centennial, National Education Association, [1937].

------. The ground of the free school system. From his Tenth Annual Report as Secretary of the Massachusetts State Board of Education, 1846. [Boston: Directors of the Old South Work, 1902].

------. Horace Mann on the Crisis in Education. Edited, with new introduction by Louis Filler. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1983.

------. Horace Mann's letters on the extension of slavery into California and New Mexico: And on the duty of Congress to provide the trial by jury for alleged fugitive slaves. [Washington]: Buell & Blanchard, printers, [1850].

------. The judgment of Horace Mann on European institutions. Warrington, [England]: Printed at the Oberlin Press, [184-?]

------. Lecture on education. Boston: Marsh, Capen, Lyon and Webb, 1840. Reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1969.

------. Lectures and annual reports on education. Cambridge, [Mass.]: The editor, 1867.

------. Life and works of Horace Mann. [Boston: Walker, Fuller and Company, 1865-68]. Reprint, [Boston: Lee and Shepard: New York: C. T. Dillingham, 1891].

------. New dangers to freedom, and new duties for its defenders: A letter by the Hon. Horace Mann to his constituents, May 3, 1850. Boston: Redding and Company, 1850.

------. On the crisis in education. [Yellow Springs, Ohio]: Antioch Press, 1965.

------. An oration, delivered at Dedham, July 4th, 1823, on the forty-seventh anniversary of American independence. Dedham, [Mass.]: Printed by H. & W. H. Mann, [1823?]

------. An oration, delivered before the authorities of the City of Boston, July 4, 1842. [Boston: W. B. Fowle and N. Capen? 1842?]

------. Remarks upon the comparative profits of grocers and retailers, as derived from temperate and intemperate customers. Boston: Ford and Damrell, 1834.

------. Sequel to the so called correspondence between the Rev. M. H. Smith and Horace Mann, surreptitiously published by Mr. Smith; containing a letter from Mr. Mann, suppressed by Mr. Smith, with the reply therein promised. Boston: W. B. Fowle, 1847.

------. Slavery: Letters and speeches. Boston: B.B. Mussey & Co., 1851. Reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1969.

------. Speech of Hon. Horace Mann, of Massachusetts, on the institution of slavery. Delivered in the House of Representatives, August 17, 1852. Washington, D.C.: Buell & Blanchard, printers, [1852].

------. Speech of Hon. Horace Mann, on the right of Congress to legislate for the territories of the United States, and its duty to exclude slavery therefrom: Delivered in the House of Representatives, in Committee of the Whole, June 30, 1848. To which is added, a letter from Hon. Martin Van Buren, and Rev. Joshua Leavitt. Boston: J. Howe, Printer, 1848.

------. Speech of Horace Mann, of Massachusetts, in the House of Representatives, Feb. 23, 1849: On slavery in the United States, and the slave trade in the District of Columbia. Boston: W.B. Fowle, [1849].

------. Speech of Mr. Horace Mann, on the right of Congress to legislate for the territories of the United States, and its duty to exclude slavery therefrom. Delivered in the House of Representatives, in Committee of the Whole, June 30, 1848. Rev. ed. Boston: W. B. Fowle, 1848.

------. Speech on the right of Congress to legislate for the territories of the United States and its duty to exclude slavery therefrom, delivered in the House of Representatives, in Committee of the Whole, June 30, 1848. Washington: Printed by J. & G.S. Gideon, 1848.

------. Thoughts selected from the writings of Horace Mann. Boston: H. B. Fuller and Company, [1867].

Mann, Horace, and Pliny E. Chase. Elements of arithmetic, part second. The grammar-school arithmetic: containing much valuable commercial information; together with a system of integral, decimal, and fractional arithmetic. Philadelphia: E.H. Butler & Co., 1851.

Mann, Mary Tyler Peabody. Life of Horace Mann. Boston: W. Small, 1888. Reprint, Miami, Fla.: Mnemosyne Pub. Co., [1969].

McCluskey, Neil Gerard. Public schools and Moral Education; The Influence of Horace Mann, William Torrey Harris, and John Dewey. New York: Columbia University Press, 1958. Reprint, Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, [1975].

Messerli, Jonathan. Horace Mann: A Biography. New York: Knopf, 1972.

Morgan, Joy E. Horace Mann, His Ideas and Ideals. Washington: National Home Library Foundation, 1936.

Phelps, William Franlin. Horace Mann. [Washington, D.C.: Horace Mann Centennial Committee, 1937].

Pierce, Edith Gray. Horace Mann: Our Nation's First Educator. Minneapolis: Lerner Publications Co., [1972].

[Smith, Matthew Hale]. Horace Mann and M. Hale Smith. [Boston: N.p., 1847].

Straker, Robert Lincoln. The Unseen Harvest: Horace Mann and Antioch College. Foreword by W. Boyd Alexander. [Yellow Springs, Ohio]: Antioch College, 1955.

Tharp, Louise Hall. Until Victory : Horace Mann and Mary Peabody. Boston: Little, Brown, [1953]. Reprint, Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1977.

Williams, Edward Irwin Franklin. Horace Mann, Educational Statesman. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1937.

Winship, Albert E. (Albert Edward). Horace Mann, the educator. Boston: New England Publishing Co., 1896.

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