HOAR, George Frisbie

HOAR, George Frisbie
1826–1904

Biography

HOAR, George Frisbie, (grandson of Roger Sherman, son of Samuel Hoar, brother of Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar, father of Rockwood Hoar, and uncle of Sherman Hoar), a Representative and a Senator from Massachusetts; born in Concord, Mass., August 29, 1826; attended Concord Academy; graduated from Harvard University in 1846 and from the Harvard Law School in 1849; admitted to the bar in 1849 and commenced practice in Worcester, Mass.; elected to the State house of representatives in 1852; elected to the State senate in 1857; elected as a Republican to the Forty-first and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1869-March 3, 1877); was not a candidate for renomination in 1876; one of the managers appointed by the House of Representatives in 1876 to conduct the impeachment proceedings against William W. Belknap; appointed a member of the Electoral Commission created by act of Congress to decide the contests in various States in the presidential election of 1876; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1877; reelected in 1883, 1889, 1895, and 1901 and served from March 4, 1877, until his death in Worcester, Mass., September 30, 1904; chairman, Committee on Privileges and Elections (Forty-seventh through Fifty-second Congresses), Committee on the Judiciary (Fifty-second Congress, Fifty-fourth through Fifty-eighth Congresses), Committee on the Library (Fifty-second Congress); overseer of Harvard University 1874-1880 and from 1896 until his death; Regent of the Smithsonian for many years; interment in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, Concord, Mass.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

American Antiquarian Society

Worcester, MA
Papers: 8 boxes. Letters, notes, speeches, and materials relating to building of statue of Charles Devens by Daniel Chester French. Also in St. Wulstan Society records, ca. 1890-1987.

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 15 letters.

Boston University

Boston, MA
Papers: 1887, 1897. 2 letters.

Brooklyn Historical Society

Brooklyn, NY
Papers: September 22, 1877. 1 letter.

Brown University

Providence, RI
Papers: July 19, 1871; March 16, 1890. 2 letters.

Dartmouth College

Hanover, NH
Papers: 1 letter (January 10, 1878); and tributes on the death of Hoar in the Channing Harris Cox papers, 1904-1960.

Harvard University
Houghton Library

Cambridge, MA
Papers: 118 letters in William Warland Clapp papers, 1819-1891 (bulk 1840-1891); correspondence in Thomas Campbell papers, 1814-1819; George F. Hoar autograph collection, 1640-1899; Francis W. Pickens papers, 1832-1834; John Sloane papers, 1822-1850; Thomas Wentworth Higginson papers, 1851-1911; and portraits.

Rutherford B. Hayes Library

Fremont, OH
Papers: 1878-1903. 16 items.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in Nathan Appleton papers, 1850-1904; Whiting Griswold papers, 1843-1874; and Frederick Douglass papers, 1841-1964, on 34 microfilm reels. Finding aid.

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: 1799-1933. 605 boxes, 55 volumes. Congressional, business, and personal papers and correspondence. Includes 44 volumes of diaries (1859-1903), 40 scrapbooks, speeches, writings, legal and financial papers, printed material by and about Hoar, engravings, family papers, and photographs. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Charles F. Adams papers, 1861-1933; Caroline Wells Healey Dall papers, 1811-1917; Lee family papers, 1535-1957; and Henry Cabot Lodge papers, 1745-1956.

Massachusetts State Archives

Boston, MA
Papers: 26 letters to governors of Massachusetts and portrait.

Massachusetts State Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 1908. Marble bust by Daniel Chester French.

New Jersey Historical Society

Newark, NJ
Papers: Correspondence in George Perry Morris papers, 1843-1918; and Joseph P. Bradley papers, 1836-1937.

New York State Library
Manuscripts and Special Collections

Albany, NY
Papers: In Edward Everett Hale papers, 1750-1917.

Pierpont Morgan Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1872. 1 item.

Syracuse University
George Arents Research Library

Syracuse, NY
Papers: 1902. 2 letters.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Jabez Thomas Sunderland papers, 1868-1936; Henry Wade Rogers papers, 1873-1920; and Thomas McIntyre Cooley papers, 1850-1898. Finding aid.

Virginia State Library and Archives

Richmond, VA
Papers: Correspondence in Andrew Jackson Montague papers, 1854-1938.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: In William Dwight Whitney family papers, 1778-1951; Evarts family papers, 1753-1960; Roger Sherman collection, 1749-1904; Terry family papers, 1795-1939; Samuel Wells Williams family papers, 1824-1836; Carrington family papers, 1749-1929; and Frank Parsons papers, 1888-1908.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Gillett, Frederick Huntington. George Frisbie Hoar. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1934.

Hess, James William. "George F. Hoar, 1826-1884." Ph.D. dissertation, Harvard University, 1964.

Hoar, George F. Autobiography of Seventy Years. 2 vols. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1903.

___. The Connecticut Compromise. Roger Sherman, the Author of the Plan of Equal Representation of the States in the Senate and Representation of the People in Proportion to Numbers in the House. Worcester, MA: Press of C. Hamilton, 1903.

___. "Has the Senate Degenerated?" Forum 23 (April 1897): 129-44.

___, ed. Book of Patriotism. Boston: Hall Locke Co., 1902.

U.S. Congress. George F. Hoar (Late a Senator from Massachusetts). Memorial Addresses Delivered in the Senate and House of Representatives. 58th Cong., 3d sess., 1904-1905. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1905.

Vandenbusche, Duane Lee. "Aspects of Domestic Issues in the Senatorial Career of George Frisbie Hoar." Ed.D. dissertation, Oklahoma State University, 1964.

Welch, Richard E., Jr. George Frisbie Hoar and the Half-Breed Republicans. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1971.

___. "Opponents and Colleagues: George Frisbie Hoar and Henry Cabot Lodge, 1898-1904." New England Quarterly 39 (June 1966): 182-209.

___. "Senator George Frisbie Hoar and the Defeat of Anti-Imperialism, 1898-1900." Historian 26 (May 1964): 362-80.

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