HAYS, Lawrence Brooks

HAYS, Lawrence Brooks
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
1898–1981

Biography

HAYS, Lawrence Brooks, a Representative from Arkansas; born in London, Pope County, Ark., August 9, 1898; attended the public schools in Russellville, Ark.; University of Arkansas at Fayetteville, A.B., 1919; law school of George Washington University, Washington, D.C., J.D., 1922; was admitted to the bar in 1922 and commenced practice in Russellville, Ark.; served in the United States Army in 1918; assistant attorney general of Arkansas, 1925-1927; Democratic National committeeman for Arkansas, 1932-1939; NRA labor compliance officer for Arkansas in 1934; assistant to the administrator of resettlement in 1935; held administrative and legal positions in the Farm Security Administration, 1936-1942; elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-eighth and to the seven succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1943-January 3, 1959); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1958 to the Eighty-sixth Congress; president, Southern Baptist Convention, 1957-1958; member of the Board of Directors of the Tennessee Valley Authority 1959-1961; Assistant Secretary of State for congressional relations, 1961; Special Assistant to the President of the United States from December 1961 until February 1964, when he became professor of political science at Eagleton Institute of Rutgers University; visiting professor of government at University of Massachusetts, 1966-1967; director of Ecumenical Institute at Wake Forest University, 1968-1970; elected as co-chairman, Former Members of Congress, Inc., in 1970; chairman, Government Good Neighbor Council of North Carolina; unsuccessful candidate from North Carolina for election in 1972 to the Ninety-third Congress; resided in Chevy Chase, Md., until his death there on October 11, 1981; interment at Oakland Cemetery, Russellville, Ark.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

University of Arkansas
Special Collections Department

Fayetteville, AR
Papers: 1894-1991, 96 linear feet. The papers of Congressman Lawrence Brooks Hays contains correspondence, diaries, speeches, clippings, political campaign materials, business and legal documents, photographs, sound recordings and other materials pertaining to his personal and professional life. An unpublished finding aid is available in the repository.

Columbia University
Oral History Project

New York, NY
Oral History: 1970, 165 pages. An interview of Hays conducted by John Luter . The oral history is part of the Eisenhower Administration Project. In the interview, Hays discusses his time in Congress and as a government official in the Eisenhower Administration.

Dwight D. Eisenhower Library

Abilene, KS
Oral History: 1970, 165 pages. An interview of Hays conducted by John Luter . The oral history is part of the Eisenhower Administration Project. In the interview, Hays discusses his time in Congress and as a government official in the Eisenhower Administration. Furnished by an agreement with Columbia University.

John F. Kennedy Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 1934-1966, 75 feet. The Hays collection contains congressional papers, official and personal correspondence, speeches, articles, subject files and scrapbooks.
Oral History: 1964, 59 pages. Permission required.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Sound Cassettes: ca. 1973, 2 sound cassettes. Recordings of six lectures Hays gave before a live audience. Hays tells humorous stories about his life and career, discusses his personal religious beliefs as a Southern Baptist, and offers opinions about the future of religion and politics in the United States. Recorded at a Princeton Institute of Theology summer seminar, Princeton Theological Seminary, Princeton, N.J.
Oral History: In the Oral History Collection of the Former Members of Congress, Inc., 1969-1981, 100 items. An oral history interview with Hays conducted in 1976. The transcript of the interview (29 pages) is available in the library and a sound recording of the interview is available in the library's Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division.

Lyndon B. Johnson Library

Austin, TX
Papers: 1965-1966, less than 1 foot of files.
Oral History: October 5-6, 1971, 44 and 29 pages.

Southern Baptist Historical Library and Archives

Nashville, TN
Papers: 1950-1959, 4 linear feet. The collection consists of Hays' personal files from his tenure as a trustee of the Christian Life Commission and his service as vice-president and president of the Southern Baptist Convention. The collection includes correspondence, publications, news releases, biographical information, reports, subject files, minutes of SBC agencies, addresses made by Hays, photographs, and articles. The papers also are available on microfilm.
Oral History: 1975-1977, 518 pages. Transcript of oral history interviews with Hays conducted by A. Ronald Tonks. Hays talks about growing up in Arkansas, early memories of church life, college and law school days, his political career, his service in Congress, his tenure on the Christian Life Commission, his terms as president of the Southern Baptist Convention and his work with the Baptist World Alliance. Topics include: the Southern Baptist Convention, Baptist church life, Ku Klux Klan, Civil Rights movement, Democratic Party politics, and presidents of the United States from Franklin Roosevelt to John F. Kennedy.

University of Oklahoma
The Julian P. Kanter Political Commercial Archive, Department of Communication

Norman, OK
Videoreel: 1972, 1 commercial on 1 videoreel. The commercials were used during Hays' campaign for the 1972 U.S. congressional election in North Carolina, Democratic Party.

Wake Forest University
University Archives, Z. Smith Reynolds Library

Winston-Salem, NC
Papers: 1916-1982, approximately 10,411 items. The papers of Congressman Lawrence Brooks Hays contain correspondence, speeches, and addresses, audiotapes, clippings, and photos. The collection relates chiefly to his activities after his defeat for Congress in 1958, including his work as director of the Ecumenical Institute at Wake Forest University, chairman of the North Carolina Good Neighbor Council, and staff assistant to presidents Kennedy and Johnson. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Baker, James T. Brooks Hays. Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 1989.

Barnhill, John Herschel. "Politician, Social Reformer, and Religious Leader: The Public Career of Brooks Hays." Ph.D. diss., Oklahoma State University, 1981.

Hays, Brooks. Hotbed of Tranquility; My Life in Five Worlds. New York: Macmillan, 1968.

------. Politics Is My Parish: An Autobiography. Foreword by Arthur Schlesinger, Jr. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1981.

Hays, Marion. "From the Political Diary of an Unpolitical Person." Arkansas Historical Quarterly 36 (Summer 1977): 158-91.

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