ELMER, Jonathan

1745–1817

Biography

ELMER, Jonathan, (brother of Ebenezer Elmer and uncle of Lucius Quintius Cincinnatus Elmer), a Delegate and a Senator from New Jersey; born in Cedarville, Cumberland County, N.J., November 29, 1745; completed preparatory studies; graduated from the first medical class of the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia in 1769 and practiced in Bridgeton, N.J.; high sheriff of Cumberland County 1772; chosen captain of a light infantry company 1775; Member of the Continental Congress 1777-1778, 1781-1783, and 1787-1788; member, State council 1780, 1784; trustee of the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) 1782-1795; surrogate of Cumberland County 1784-1802; president of the State medical society 1787; elected to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1789, to March 3, 1791; appointed presiding judge of the county court of common pleas in 1802 and served until his resignation in 1804; appointed to the same office in the winter of 1813, but, in February 1814, declined to serve further because of impaired health; died in Bridgeton, N.J., September 3, 1817; interment in the Old Presbyterian Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Chicago Historical Society

Chicago, IL
Papers: February 5, 1791. 1 item.

Glassboro State College

Glassboro, NJ
Papers: March 26, 1789. 1 item.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1 item (December 8, 1789) in Gratz collection.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 2 speeches (1774, 1776); and 3 items (August 6, 1790-February 14, 1791) in George Washington papers.

Maine Historical Society

Portland, ME
Papers: 1 item (February 16, 1791) in J.S.H. Fogg autograph collection.

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: 2 items (January 12, 1789; March 3, 1789) in Livingston papers.

New Jersey Historical Society

Newark, NJ
Papers: 1 item (January 19, 1790) in Jonathan Dayton papers, 1789-1921; and correspondence in Stevens family papers, 1663-1959.

Rutgers University Libraries
Special Collections and University Archives

New Brunswick, NJ
Papers: 2 letters (1777, 1779); and notes and a syllabus of medical lectures (1774-1775) in Ebenezer Elmer papers, 1774-1814.

University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1766, 1771. 2 items. Medical student notebook (1766) and diploma.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Sherk, Henry H. "Two Doctors Elmer of Cumberland County: New Jersey's First United States Senator and a Revolutionary War Hero. New Jersey Medicine 99 (May 2002): 35-39.

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