CLAIBORNE, William Charles Cole

CLAIBORNE, William Charles Cole
Library of Congress
1775–1817

Biography

CLAIBORNE, William Charles Cole, (brother of Nathaniel Herbert Claiborne, nephew of Thomas Claiborne [1749–1812], uncle of John Francis Hamtramck Claiborne, granduncle of James Robert Claiborne, and great–great–great granduncle of Corinne Claiborne Boggs), a Representative from Tennessee and a Senator from Louisiana; born in Sussex County, Va., in 1775; moved in early youth to New York City; studied law in Richmond, Va.; admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Sullivan County, Tenn.; delegate to the State constitutional convention from Sullivan County in 1796; appointed judge of the superior court in 1796; elected as a Republican from Tennessee to the Fifth and Sixth Congresses, and served from November 23, 1797, to March 3, 1801, in spite of the fact that he was still initially under the constitutional age requirement of twenty-five years; appointed Governor of the Territory of Mississippi in 1801; appointed in October 1803 one of the commissioners to take possession of Louisiana when purchased from France and served as Governor of the Territory of Orleans 1804-1812; Governor of Louisiana 1812-1816; elected as a Democratic Republican from Louisiana to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1817, until his death, before the assembling of Congress, in New Orleans, La., November 23, 1817; interment in Basin St. Louis Cemetery; reinterment in Metairie Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Alabama Department of Archives and History

Montgomery, AL
Papers: In Bertram Erwin Brown scrapbooks [188?-ca. 1919] containing original documents and Pickett's History of Alabama and incidentally of Georgia and Mississippi, published in 1851; Mississippi (Territory) governor executive journals (transcripts), 1805-1814; and Mississippi (Territory) commissioner to Louisiana Territory records (transcripts), 1804-1816. Originals of Mississippi governor and commissioner records in Mississippi Department of Archives and History.

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 2 items.

Brigham Young University
Special Collections

Provo, UT
Papers: February 1, 1815. 3 letters. Introductions for Thomas C. Luckett.

Hagley Museum and Library

Greenville, DE
Papers: Correspondence in Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours papers, 1787-1817.

Historic New Orleans Collection

New Orleans, LA
Papers: Correspondence in Pierre Clement de Laussat papers, 1769-1815; and mentioned in Bartholomew Schaumburgh letter (1815) to Gen. James Wilkinson. Finding aid.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1800-1807. 6 items. Also correspondence in the Thomas Jefferson papers, 1606-1889, available on 65 microfilm reels. Finding aid.

Louisiana State Museum

New Orleans, LA
Papers: 1804-1815. 12 items. Correspondence, resolutions, political papers, and portraits.

Louisiana State University
Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections

Baton Rouge, LA
Papers: 1804-1811. Letters, letterbook (1804-1805), and an engraving (1810).

Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Jackson, MS
Papers: 1801-1816. 12 volumes. Correspondence and a portrait.

New Orleans Public Library
Louisiana Department

New Orleans, LA
Papers: 1804-1814. 122 items. Chiefly his letters to and from the mayor and city council of New Orleans, together with city financial reports, itemized bills, petitions to the city council, and other papers.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: 1798-1815. 24 letters.

Northwestern State University of Louisiana
Eugene P. Watson Memorial Library

Natchitoches, LA
Papers: Signed commission (1806) of John Nancarrow in Williamson collection, 1770s-1958; and 14-page booklet on Claiborne from Mississippi Historical Society and biographical material in Melrose collection, 1700s-1948.

Pierpont Morgan Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1803. 2 items.

Tulane University

New Orleans, LA
Papers: 1800-1818. 19 items. Also correspondence in De la Vergne family papers, 1741-1971. Finding aid.

University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection

Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: Family correspondence in Mrs. W.R. Buffington collection, 1618-1864. 42 items, available on microfilm.

Virginia Historical Society

Richmond, VA
Papers: Miscellaneous items. Finding aid.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Hatfield, Joseph T. William Claiborne: Jeffersonian Centurion in the American Southwest. Lafayette: University of Southwest Louisiana Press, 1976.

Winters, John D. 'William C.C. Claiborne: Profile of a Democrat.' Louisiana History 10 (Summer 1969): 189-210.

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