BROOKS, James

1810–1873

Biography

BROOKS, James, a Representative from New York; born in Portland, Maine, November 10, 1810; attended the public schools; attended the academy at Monmouth, Maine; taught school at sixteen years of age in Lewiston; was graduated from Waterville (Maine) College in 1831; studied law and also edited the Portland Advertiser, and in 1832 was its Washington correspondent; member of the state house of representatives in 1835; unsuccessful candidate for election in 1836 to the Twenty-fifth Congress; moved to New York City in 1836 and established the New York Daily Express, of which he was editor in chief the remainder of his life; served in the New York state assembly in 1847; elected as a Whig to the Thirty-first and succeeding Congress (March 4, 1849-March 3, 1853); unsuccessful candidate for reelection to the Thirty-third Congress in 1852; resumed his editorial pursuits; elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-eighth Congress (March 4, 1863-March 3, 1865); presented credentials as a Member-elect to the Thirty-ninth Congress and served from March 4, 1865, to April 7, 1866, when he was succeeded by William E. Dodge, who contested the election; member of the New York state constitutional convention in 1867; appointed a Government director of the Union Pacific Railroad in October 1867; elected to the Fortieth and to the three succeeding Congresses and served until his death (March 4, 1867-April 30, 1873); censured by the U.S. House of Representatives on February 27, 1873, for attempted bribery in connection with the Crédit Mobilier scandal; died on April 30, 1873, in Washington, D.C.; interment in Greenwood Cemetery, Brooklyn, N.Y.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Jervis Public Library

Rome, NY
Papers: In the Thomas C. Bright Autograph Collection, 1860, 1 letter. Concerning politics in New York. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1847, 2 items. Letters of James Brooks, 1847.
Papers: In the Charles Stuart Aubrey Abbott, Lord Tenterden, Letters, 1871, 6 items. Subjects include James Brooks.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Brooks, James. The American Party: Remarks of Hon. James Brooks, of New York, before a meeting of the American Party, held at Cincinnati, Friday evening, May 30th, 1856. Reported by T. Shinkwin. [Cincinnati, Ohio?: N.p., 1856].

------. Catalogue of the library of the late James Brooks. [New York: N.p., 1886].

------. A correspondence between James Brooks of New York and Reverdy Johnson of Baltimore on the state of the country and the way to avert the peril which threatens it. Baltimore: Printed at the Sun Book and Job Off., 1872.

------. Cuban Affairs: Reply of Mr. Brooks, of New York, to changes against the administration, made by Mr. Polk, of Tennessee. [Tenn.?]: Gideon & Co., Printers., 1853.

------. The currency, its expansion, the public debt, the new national banks . Washington, [D.C.]: McGill & Witherow, steam printers, [1864?]

------. The Hon. James Brooks' speech, before the Union Democratic association, 932 Broadway, Tuesday evening, December 30, 1862. New-York: J. and E. Brooks, [1863?]

------. How Massachusetts reigns and has reigned : effect on Negro race and on slavery : border state co-operation: Cost of Massachusetts government --a million of lives --four thousand millions of debt: Feeding and farming with Negroes not white men's government / speech of James Brooks ; delivered in the House of Representatives, February 19, 1864. Washington, D.C.: Printed at the Office of "The Constitutional Union", 1864.

------. Impeachment of the President. Speech ... in the House of Representatives, Feb. 22, 1868. [Washington, D.C.: N.p., 1868].

------. Reconstruction. [Washington: Printed at theCongressional Globe Office, 1867].

------. Reciprocity discussed: Trade with England and her colonies; speech of Mr. Brooks, of New York, on the two letters of Sir Henry Bulwer to Mr. Clayton, Secretary of State, respecting reciprocity, etc. ; delivered in the House of Representatives, May 14, 1850. Washington: Congressional Globe Office, 1850.

------. Remarks of Mr. Brooks in the House of Representatives, March 7th: The biggest deficiency bill ever known in the world's history... [New York: The Society, 1863].

------. A seven months' run, up, and down, and around the world. New York: Appleton, 1872.

------. Remarks of Mr. Brooks in the House of Representatives, March 7th. [New York: N.p.,1863].

------. A seven months' run, up, and down, and around the world. New York: D. Appleton & Company, 1874.

------. Speech of the Hon. James Brooks, at 932 Broadway, Tuesday evening, December 30, 1862. [New York: N.p., 1863].

------. Speech of Hon. James Brooks, of New York, on the deficiency bill. In the House of Representatives, March 20, 1852. [Washington]: Gideon & Co., printers [1852].

------. Speech of Hon. James Brooks, of New York, on the President's message, in the House of Representatives, December, 1864. [Washington?: N.p., 1864].

------. The tariff. Speech of Hon. James Brooks, of New York, delivered in the House of Representatives, March 3, 1870. [Washington: National Democratic Executive Resident Committee, 1870].

------. The two proclamations: Speech of the Hon. James Brooks, before the Democratic Union Association, Sept. 29th, 1862. [New York]: Printed by Van Evrie, Horton & Co., [1862?]

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