WASHINGTON, George

WASHINGTON, George
Oil on canvas, John Vanderlyn, 1834, Collection of U.S. House of Representatives
1732–1799

Biography

WASHINGTON, George, (granduncle of George Corbin Washington), a Delegate from Virginia and first President of the United States; born at "Wakefield," near Popes Creek, Westmoreland County, Va., February 22, 1732; raised in Westmoreland County, Fairfax County and King George County; attended local schools and engaged in land surveying; appointed adjutant general of a military district in Virginia with the rank of major in 1752; in November 1753 was sent by Lieutenant Governor Dinwiddie, of Virginia, to conduct business with the French Army in the Ohio Valley; in 1754 was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel and served in the French and Indian war, becoming aide-de-camp to General Braddock in 1755; appointed as commander in chief of Virginia forces in 1755; resigned his commission in December 1758 and returned to the management of his estate at Mount Vernon in 1759; served as a justice of the peace 1760-1774, and as a member of the Virginia house of burgesses 1758-1774; delegate to the Williamsburg convention of August 1774; Member of the First and Second Continental Congresses in 1774 and 1775; unanimously chosen June 15, 1775, as commander in chief of all the forces raised or to be raised; commanded the Continental armies throughout the war for independence; resigned his commission December 23, 1783, and returned to private life at Mount Vernon; was delegate to, and president of, the Federal Convention in Philadelphia in 1787; unanimously elected as the first President of the United States, being inaugurated April 30, 1789, in New York City; unanimously reelected in 1792 and served until March 3, 1797, declining a renomination; again appointed as lieutenant general and commander of the United States Army July 3, 1798, and served until his death on December 14, 1799, in Mount Vernon, Va.; interment in the vault at Mount Vernon.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Mount Vernon Ladies' Association of the Union

Mount Vernon, VA
Papers: 1755-1799, 989 items. The collection contains correspondence between George Washington and others. The majority of letters written by George Washington document his private life as a farmer and family man. Letters to his nephew, Bushrod Washington, and other family members detail family matters, settlement of estates, and other financial affairs. Most of George Washington's correspondence is with the men who managed Mount Vernon during his prolonged absences: Lund Washington during the Revolutionary War and Anthony Whiting, Howell Lewis, and William Pearce during George Washington's presidency. George Washington's letters concern plantation management and contain detailed instructions. Letters also reveal relations and problems with white and slave labor and George Washington's views on slavery. Letters between George Washington and his nephew, Robert Lewis, concern the collection of rents due George Washington on his western land. Letters concerning George Washington's public life reveal his sentiments on being called to lead the Continental Army and the presidency. Also included are his observations on state adoptions of the Constitution, the Jay Treaty, and European intervention. Reports from estate managers include all aspects of farming, as well as the operation of the mill and distillery, and physical improvements made to Mount Vernon. A few letters to George Washington are from officers describing army morale, lack of supplies, and need for new recruits in the Continental Army. Letters from friends include reports on Federalist and anti- Federalist divisions and tension, particularly in Virginia. Other papers include financial records: accounts and receipts, 1755-1797, bills, 1760-1799, bonds, and indentures. Financial accounts document the purchase of household and personal goods, as well as farming expenditures and doctor bills. There are also twenty memoranda by George Washington describing household and travel expenses while president as well as a list of paintings and descriptions of the interior and exterior of Mount Vernon, 1769-1799. Also included are estate papers of family members; legal suits; list of indentured servants for local landowners in 1784; list of names, occupations, and salaries of 86 workers on the Potomac Canal in 1787; original land grants for land eventually purchased by George Washington; and a report on the sale of furniture from the Fairfax family's estate sale at Belvoir. The collection also includes plans, plats, and surveys by George Washington: 1774 plan and 1785 plan for the greenhouse and quarters, three plats, 1770-1783, and fourteen surveys, 1759-1799, including a survey of land belonging to and adjoining the Fairfax County lands of George Washington.
Papers: In the John Parke Custis Papers, 1776-1781, 17 items. The collection contains twelve letters written by John Parke Custis, 1776- 1781, mostly to Martha or George Washington, and one written to him by Martha Washington, 1779. He discusses family matters, his concern for his mother's health, and an explanation of how the smallpox vaccination will allow her to freely travel with George Washington during the Revolutionary War. Also, John Parke Custis seeks advice from George Washington on selling land due to high taxes. He expresses much concern over the depreciation of paper money and the need for stable currency. His 1781 letters describe the terrible situation of runaway slaves during the war and how many have been found dead in the woods. A 1779 letter from Martha to her son reports from military camp during the war. Also included are miscellaneous estate papers.
Papers: In the Lawrence Lewis Papers, 1795-1839, 95 items. The papers contain a 1797 letter from George Washington who expresses his desire to see the Virginia legislature adopt a policy of gradual abolition of slavery, describes his domestic duties at Mount Vernon, and details responsibilities Lawrence Lewis would have if he came to Mount Vernon. Most letters concern the administration of George Washington's estate after his death, including the collection of funds due the estate, sale of lands, and distributions to legatees. Other letters to relatives concern family news and the operation of Woodlawn Plantation. Several letters from William Yeaton of Alexandria discuss water damage to George Washington's vault and plans for a new tomb and iron gate. Lawrence Lewis also discusses public debate over George Washington's remains and Lawrence Lewis's wish to keep them at Mount Vernon. Also included are several accounts and receipts regarding George Washington's estate, including an 1834-1836 summary of payments received and paid on the estate; a printed copy of George Washington's will; expenses for enclosure of the tomb, 1835; expenses incurred on behalf of old slaves; several records of land transactions; sketches of the iron gate and entrance to the new tomb; and stock certificates,1813-1828, in Snickers Gap Turnpike Company.
Papers: In the Plans and Sketches of Mount Vernon Structures, [1774 and 1785], 3 items. The collection includes a memorandum and sketch of the greenhouse and quarters [1785], plans for greenhouse quarters [1785], and the west elevation of the mansion with basement floor plan on the reverse [1774]. The greenhouse quarters to be 16' wide; half of that with 4' projection sufficient width for greenhouse; chimneys and where to place them; in front part of greenhouse need two tiers of windows; windows close together; chimneys in quarters; front of quarters might be wood with brick underpinnings--center or greenhouse part all brick to the eaves; rafters same angle; describes how to place windows in greenhouse.
Papers: In the Bushrod Washington Papers, 1779-1829, 158 items. The papers contain a 42-letter correspondence between Bushrod and George Washington, 1788-1799. Bushrod Washington's letters to George Washington include his appreciation for George Washington's advice and financial assistance toward his legal training. Later letters detail Bushrod Washington's legal advice to George Washington regarding taxes, legal suits, and land settlements. The letters from George Washington include his advice on a legal career, family matters, and advice on the settlement of Bushrod Washington's father's estate. George Washington also requests Bushrod Washington's legal opinion on a variety of financial matters.
Papers: In the Elizabeth Willing Powel Papers, 1780-1816, 66 items. Correspondents include George Washington.
Papers: In the Lund Washington Papers, 1767-1790, 65 items. The collection consists primarily of letters from Lund Washington to George Washington concerning the management of Mount Vernon during the revolutionary war. As manager of the estate, Lund Washington writes about details of all aspects of plantation administration: utilization, management, and discipline of black slave and white labor, livestock, and crop management; construction and repair of the Mount Vernon mansion, outbuildings, and barns. He includes descriptions of the effects of the war on the surrounding neighborhood and plans to protect the Washington family and Mount Vernon from British forces.
Papers: In the Henry A. Willard, Henry A. Collection of Papers Relating to George Washington, 1711-1844, 71 items. The collection contains letters and other documents relating to George Washington and his contemporaries including two letters from George Washington to his distant cousin, Lund Washington, concerning enemy movements on Long Island and business affairs at Mount Vernon during the Revolutionary War. There are several letters from George Washington Parke Custis while living at Arlington House. Miscellaneous material includes George Washington's plans and drawings for a serpentine wall below the east lawn of the Mount Vernon mansion; a list of slaves taken from Mount Vernon by the British in 1781; papers relating to the family of Daniel Parke Custis, first husband of Martha Washington; and a few accounts, receipts, newspaper clippings, memoranda, military papers, and autographs.

Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society Archives

Buffalo, NY
Papers: 1778-1891, 3 items. The papers contain a letter from George Washington to Benjamin Harrison written on December 18, 1778, thanking the Virginia House of Delegates for gift of money. Another letter from George Washington to James McHenry written in August 1796, concerns a visit of Colonel Hawkins and contains a strand of Washington's hair.

Clemson University
Special Collections, Strom Thurmond Institute Building

Clemson, SC
Papers: 1799, 23 pages. A photocopy of a letter, dated December 10, 1799 from George Washington to James Anderson. This letter was written shortly before George Washington's death on December 14, 1799. Twenty-three photostatic pages from a December 10, 1799 letter and directions, to James Anderson, for operation of River Farm, Union Farm, and Muddy Hole Farm. The original manuscript consists of thirty pages found in the papers of George Washington at the Library of Congress.

College of William and Mary
Manuscripts and Rare Books Department, Swem Library

Williamsburg, VA
Papers: 1755-1932, 218 items. The papers contain photocopies, typescripts, original and printed copies of letters and papers of and about George Washington, Martha Washington and Mary Ball Washington. The collection also includes portrait engravings and prints of George Washington and places and events associated with him, including an original pen and ink sketch [ca. 1790] by Benjamin H. Latrobe; a piece of sheet music written in honor of George Washington by George M. Cohan; and various maps. Original letters by George Washington include a letter from George Washington, to his nephew Robert Lewis written on June 26, 1796, concerning his retirement from public life; and a letter from George Washington to James McAlpine written on March 18, 1799 concerning the making of a suit.
Papers: In the Dismal Swamp Collection, 1763-1922, 16 items. Papers of George Washington from 1764 to1785 concerning the proposed canal in the Dismal Swamp.

Connecticut Historical Society

Hartford, CT
Papers: In the Jonathan Trumbull Papers, 1637-1787, 12 boxes. Correspondents include George Washington.
Papers: In the Oliver Wolcott Papers, 1614-1880, 59 boxes. Correspondents include George Washington.
Papers: In the Oliver Wolcott Papers, 1638-1834, 4 boxes. Correspondents include George Washington.

Dartmouth College Library
Rauner Special Collections Library

Hanover, NH
Papers: In the Elisha Porter Papers, ca. 1774-1776, 2 items. The papers include a letter from George Washington.

Duke University
Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library

Durham, NC
Papers: 1760-1927, 41 items. Miscellaneous papers (originals and facsimiles) concerning George Washington's service as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army and as president, including commissions, official and personal correspondence. Topics include land surveys, legal affairs, the construction and operation of Mount Vernon, military supplies for the Continental Army, surrender of the British troops at Yorktown, the exchange of prisoners, Baron von Steuben's service to the American government, Washington's inauguration as president, his final illness and death, memorials and sermons in his honor, Washington family genealogy, and plans to establish a national university as proposed by Washington in his will.
Papers: 1775-1939, 20 items. Three letters (two transcripts, one facsimile), one from George Washington to James Madison, Jr., declaring his desire to retire from the presidency; a commemorative folio; a brochure of George Washington; thirteen engravings of George and Martha Washington; and an actual size facsimile of George Washington's Inaugural Address of 1789, with explanatory sheets, published by the National Archives.

The Filson Historical Society

Louisville, KY
Papers: 1790, 1 item. A letter from George Washington transmitting a resolution of Congress for carrying into effect a survey directed to be made by an act of Congress.

Free Library of Philadelphia

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In The Free Library of Philadelphia Collection of Historical Manuscripts, ca. 1347-1974, 595 items. Correspondents include George Washington.

The George Washington University
Special Collections, Gelman Library

Washington, DC
Papers: In the W. Lloyd Wright Collection, ca. 1786-1949, 7 boxes. The papers contain correspondence with George Washington.

Georgia Historical Society

Savannah, GA
Papers: In the Charles-Henri, Comte d'Estaing Papers, 1778, 5 items. The papers include two letters (photocopies from originals housed in the French Archives) from the Comte d'Estaing to General George Washington updating Washington on naval activity in the [Long Island] sound off the coast of Connecticut (August and September 1778). Comte d'Estaing's mission is outlined in these letters, to clear the Sound of all English vessels and attack Newport. He informs General Washington on the status of his men, the destruction of English vessels, and the delays of the attack. A copy in French of extracts from the Minutes of Congress (October 17, 1778) commends Comte d'Estaing's service (original housed in the French Archives). An engraved portrait of Comte d'Estaing (n.d.) and a presentation plate with the inscription, "Offert A la Ville de Savannah, Par Rene Giscard d'Estaing" are in the collection as well.

Indiana Historical Society

Indianapolis, IN
Papers: 1786-1795, 3 items. The collection contains two original letters and one facsimile. The letter dated 20 May 1786 from George Washington to Mr. Charton in Philadelphia describes George Washington's lands on the Ohio and Kanawha Rivers, which he is willing to sell. He also states he would be willing to give Charton letters to la Fayette and la Luzerne. The letter dated 14 April 1789 (in facsimile) is from Washington to John Langdon. He mentions he received John Langdon's letter from Secretary Thompson, and that he must meet with Congress as soon as possible. The letter dated 4 October 1795 is from Washington to General Spotswood regarding the sale of George Washington's land on Green River (state unknown), in which General Lee was to be an umpire.

Indiana University
Lilly Library

Bloomington, IN
Papers: In the William Bingham Papers, 1752-1891, approximately 1,703 items. Correspondents include George Washington.

Kentucky Historical Society Library

Frankfort, KY
Papers: 1798, 1 item. A letter from George Washington to an unidentified recipient concerning land he owned in Kentucky. The letter, dated July 16, 1798, and addressed to "Mr. Short," in care of General [Alexander] Spotswood. George Washington wrote the letter from his home at Mount Vernon concerning taxes he owed on his land "on Rough Creek."

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: ca. 1741-1799, approximately 65,000 documents. Correspondence, letterbooks, diaries, accounts, military papers, and other papers (chiefly 1748-1799), documenting Washington's relations with the Continental Congress, his command of the Continental Army, his presidency, and other aspects of his career. The papers are also accessible online: http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/gwhtml/gwhome.html.
Microfilm: 1747-1799, 1 microfilm reel. Account books of George Washington, 1747-1799. Microfilm of originals in Mount Vernon (Mount Vernon, Va.).
Microfilm: 1748-1783, 1 microfilm reel. Letters of George Washington, 1748-1783. Microfilm of originals in the Fairfax family papers, Gays House (Berkshire, England).
Microfilm: 1762, 1 microfilm reel. Diary of George Washington, 1762. Microfilm of originals in private hands.
Microfilm: 1776, 1 microfilm reel. Letter of George Washington, 1776. Microfilm of original in the office of the Chief of Chaplains, U.S. Army (Washington, D.C.).

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: 1776, 1 volume. An orderly book kept in an unidentified hand containing general orders issued by George Washington from Continental Army headquarters in New York, 12 April-30 June 1776. The orders were probably recorded by an officer at the brigade or regimental level. Orders beginning on 14 April were issued by George Washington; orders for 12-13 April were issued by Israel Putnam prior to Washington's arrival in New York. Orders concern field assignments; troop movements and conduct; the erection of defense works; equipment; pay; prisoners; court-martials and punishments.
Papers: 1783, 1 volume in a case and 1 folder of photocopies. Original manuscript of George Washington's Newburgh Address delivered in Newburgh, New York, March 15, 1783, to appease unpaid officers of the Continental Army. The manuscript is bound together with the, "Report of Proceedings in Meeting of the Officers assembled on 15th Mar. 1783," which was recorded by Major Samuel Shaw, secretary for the meeting, and signed by General Horatio Gates.
Papers: In the Edward Everett Papers, 1675-1910, 26 boxes, 287 volumes, and 6 oversize containers. Correspondents include George Washington.
Papers: In the William Heath Papers, 1774-1872, 42 boxes, 9 volumes, and 5 oversize boxes. Correspondents include George Washington. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.
Papers: In the Henry Knox Papers, 1719-1825, 65 boxes, 3 folders, and 1 oversize container. Correspondents include George Washington.
Papers: In the Eliza Hamilton Schuyler Lee Scrapbook, 1691-1869, 1 volume in a case and 1 narrow box. Correspondents include George Washington.
Papers: In the John Thomas Papers, ca. 1693-1925, 4 narrow boxes, 2 cased volumes, 1 extra tall cased volume, 1 folder, and 1 oversize container. Correspondents include George Washington. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.
Papers: In the Tudor-Adams Correspondence, 1774-1823, 1 narrow box and 1 narrow box of photocopies. Other authors include George Washington.
Papers: In the Ward Family Papers, 1721-1953, 2 narrow boxes, 3 volumes, and 6 extra tall volumes. Correspondents include George Washington.
Papers: In the Meshech Weare Papers, 1776-1785, 2 volumes and 1 folder. Correspondents include George Washington.
Papers: In the Roger Wolcott Autograph Collection, 1728-1878, 1 narrow box and 1 oversize box. Other authors include George Washington.

The New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: In the George and Martha Washington Papers, 1750-1802, 0.6 linear foot. The papers contain correspondence and documents, 1750-1802, mostly signed by George Washington, or pertaining to him or his estate. There are twelve letters to William Fitzhugh, several letters to George Clinton, as well as single letters to Elisha Boudinot, Dr. John Cochrane, Richard Varick, Generals Nathanael Greene and Henry Knox, and others; there are also an invoice, commissions and other official documents signed by George Washington, and accounts of his estate kept by his executor, Lawrence Lewis, dated 1800, as well as nine bonds dated 1802 and related to his estate. There are also two notes exchanged between Martha Washington and Cornelia Tappen Clinton, George Clinton's wife, and a draft of a letter to Martha Washington from her niece, Mrs. Frances Bassett Washington. A poem by Simeon Ladd, dated 1799, mourns George Washington's death. A nineteenth-century copy of a letter sent to Major Billings of Poughkeepsie contains locks of George and Martha Washington's hair. Accompanied by an oversize box of photostats, copies, etc.
Papers: In the George Washington and the Blount Conspiracy Autographed Letters and Documents, 1797, 1 volume (13 documents). A collection of letters and depositions, along with a brief history of the "Blount Conspiracy," transcripts, and portraits. Authors and deposition subjects include George Washington, Nicholas Romayne, William Blount, David Henley, James McHenry, and William Lovely.

New York State Library

Albany, NY
Papers: 1783, 1 item. A letter from George Washington to General [Philip] Schuyler written on July 15, 1783.
Papers: 1783, 1 item. A letter from George Washington to Marinus Willett written on August 21, 1783. In the letter, George Washington writes concerning occupying military posts and deploying men to repair roads and bridges in the upper Mohawk River Valley of New York State. Also, he recommends building a blockhouse on the portage between the Mohawk River and Wood Creek.
Papers: 1796, 1 item. A letter from George Washington to Thomas Marshall written on February 6, 1796. In the letter, George Washington writes regarding the manner of advertising the sale of land.
Papers: 1796, 1 item. A first draft of George Washington's farewell address written on May 15, 1796. This document was drafted and sent to Alexander Hamilton for comment on May 15, 1796. The text states that Americans should attempt to think in terms of national rather than sectional or local interest and that political parties, while bad are even worse if they reflect geographic sectionalism. Further, George Washington opined that the United States should maintain an independent diplomacy and steer clear of permanent alliances with other nations because of "insidious wiles of foreign influence." The final draft of the Farewell Address is in the collections of the New York Public Library.

New York University
Group Batchload

New York, NY
Papers: In the Bezaleel Howe Papers, 1783-1923, approximately 75 items. Of particular note is a set of instructions addressed to Bezaleel Howe by General George Washington, written on November 9, 1783, concerning the transport and protection of General Washington's baggage and papers to Virginia, as well as movements of troops, wagons, teams, etc.

Ohio Historical Society

Columbus, OH
Papers: 1780-1781, 2 items. Official notes from George Washington's headquarters; the former in Bergen County [N.J.] authorizing Mr. John Long and his slave to pass "the picket at Ramapo"; the latter at New Windsor [N.Y.] authorizing the Sheriff of Windham County Connecticut to release a military prisoner, Edward Pool.

Princeton University Library
Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections

Princeton, NJ
Papers: In the Andre De Coppet Collection, ca. 1566-1942, 18.05 cubic feet. Other authors include George Washington. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.

Rosenbach Museum and Library

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1792, 1 item. A letter from George Washington to the Earl of Buchan written on January 22, 1792. In the letter, George Washington writes concerning a portrait of Washington painted for the earl by Archibald Robertson, and the earl's gift to George Washington of some volumes of James Anderson's agricultural journal The Bee.

South Carolina Historical Society Library

Charleston, SC
Papers: 1789-1792, 2 items. Two letters from George Washington to Thomas Pinckney concerning Pinckney's appointment (1789) as a federal judge for the district of South Carolina and his appointment (1792) to the Court of St. James, London..

U.S. Military Academy Library
Special Collections

West Point, NY
Papers: 1777-1799, 5 items. The papers contain a letter, 26 May 1777 to B.G. Smallwood discussing the discipline of troops and officers. George Washington stresses that orders must be executed; letter, 6 October 1779, to M.G. Greene concerning preparation of small crafts for the defense of New York; letter, 27 Sept. 1780 to Alexander McDougall, commanding officer, West Point, ordering that ten days' provisions be maintained at each outpost as "The Enemy will have acquired from General Arnold a perfect knowledge of the defences ... ". George Washington requests immediate notification of any movement against West Point and orders that McDougall's men glean "information of the Enemie's designs"; discharge paper, 19 June 1783, signed by George Washington; orders; observance of General Washington's death, General orders, 27 Jan. 1800 and artillery orders, 5 Dec. 1801, are on the verso of the second leaf.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Southern Historical Collection

Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: 1777-1798, 6 items. The collection contains an order book with orders issued under George Washington's name to various officers and commands from the headquarters of the Continental Army, June- October 1777, chiefly at Morristown, N.J. (microfilm and photoprints; original returned to private owner in 1942); and original letter, 5 April 1779, from George Washington to Thomas Burke (1747 (ca.)-1783), stating his position in regard to a state bounty for soldiers. Also included are photoprints or facsimiles (locations of originals unknown) of a notice discharging a soldier from "the Virginia Regiment," 1757, signed by George Washington; a letter, 1777, from George Washington to George Baylor; an English translation of a contract, 1789, between George Washington's agent and George Washington's German gardener; and a letter, 1798, from George Washington to the trustees of Washington Academy.

University of Pittsburgh
Darlington Library

Pittsburgh, PA
Papers: 1754-1794, 5 items. Three letters, two of which date from George Washington's 1754 campaign and one from the Whiskey Rebellion (1794). Two documents, one of which is the survey of lands granted to Washington by Virginia for his services in the French and Indian War.

University of Virginia
The Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: 1775-1828, 3 items. The items contain a letter, [22 June] 1775, from George Washington to Burwell Bassett regarding his appointment to command the Continental Army, Congress' approval of a Continental currency, and invites Burwell Bassett to visit his wife at Mount Vernon. Also included is a handwritten copy of a letter, 23 June 1775, from George Washington to Martha Washington, regarding his departure from Philadelphia and his affection for her.
Papers: 1782, 1 item. A letter from Edmund Randolph to George Washington written on January 8, 1782. In the letter, Edmund Randolph writes concerning "the vote of the Virginia assembly, expressing their sentiments of your conduct and exertions at York," declares his own sentiments n accord and asks George Washington to forward an enclosure to Lafayette.
Papers: In the Robert Williams Daniel Collection, 1776-1882, 26 items. Persons represented include George Washington.
Microfilm: In the Davis R. Marshall Autograph Collection, 1801-1868, 103 items. Persons represented include George Washington.
Papers: In the Victor V. Martin Autograph Collection, 1694-1945, 13 items. Correspondents include George Washington.

Virginia Historical Society Library

Richmond, VA
Papers: In the Custis Family Papers, 1683-1858, 909 items. The papers contain correspondence, 1759-1799, accounts, 1755-1773, agricultural inventories, 1760-1771, and legal papers of George Washington.

Washington and Lee University
Special Collections, James Graham Leyburn Library

Lexington, VA
Papers: 1757-1798, 12 items. The papers contain letters from George Washington to Capt. William Bronaugh, New Jersey Militia, trustees of Liberty Hall Academy, and George Washington's nephew, George Augustine Washington (1763-1793); together with part of the estate accounts (1766-1771) of his brother, Augustine Washington (1718?-1762); inventory (1757-1759) of the estate of his wife's first husband, Daniel Parke Custis (1711-1757); and guardian's accounts (1761-1773) for his stepchildren, John Parke Custis (1754-1781) and Martha Parke Custis (1755-1773), submitted by George Washington to the Virginia General Court.
Papers: 1787, 1 item. A letter from George Washington to his nephew, George Augustine Washington, giving various instructions for house repairs and discussing farm crops.

Western Reserve Historical Society Library

Cleveland, OH
Papers: In the Samuel Holden Parsons Papers, 1760-1830, 0.41 linear foot. Other authors include George Washington.

Yale University
Sterling Memorial Library, Manuscripts and Archives Department.

New Haven, CT
Microfilm: In the George Washington Microfilm Collection, 1775-1814, 1970. The collection contains correspondence, manuscripts, and documents by or relating to George Washington from the following manuscript collections: Burr Family papers, Church Family papers, Dwight Family papers, Obadiah Johnson papers, Bernhard Knollenbery collection, Leffingwell Family papers, Nathaniel Pendleton Family papers, Nathaniel and Thomas Shaw papers, Colonel John Trumbull papers, Washington Family papers, Samuel Blachley Webb papers, Wetmore Family papers, William Williams Family papers, and Woolsey Family papers.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Abbot, W. W. The Young George Washington and His Papers. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 1999.

Aikman, Lonnelle. Rider with Destiny: George Washington. McLean, Va.: Link Press, 1983.

Alden, John Richard. George Washington: A Biography. New York: Wings Books, 1995.

Alexander, Eldon L. "George Washington and the American Founding: Proving Man's Capacity for Self-Government," Ph. D. diss., Claremont Graduate University, 1991.

Anderson, Ray Monteith. "George Washington and the Whiskey Insurrection," M. A. Thesis, American University, 1970.

Asonevich, Walter J. "George Washington's Speeches and Addresses: Origins of an American Presidential Rhetoric," Ph. D. diss., University of Delaware, 1987.

Baker, William S. Washington After the Revolution, MDCCLXXXIV-MDCCXCIX (1784-1799). Philadelphia, PA: J. B. Lippincott, Co, 1898.

Bancroft, Aaron. The Life of George Washington, Commander In Chief of the American Army through the Revolutionary War; and the first President of the United States. Boston: Phillips & Samson, 1847.

Bellamy, Francis R. The Private Life of George Washington. New York: Crowell, 1951.

Bloom Sol. Our Heritage: George Washington and the Establishment of the American Union; with a biographical sketch by Ira E. Bennett. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1944.

Bremer, H. E., editor. George Washington, 1732-1799: Chronology, Documents, Bibliographical AIDS. Dobbs Ferry, N.Y.: Oceana Publications, 1967.

Brookhiser, Richard. Founding Father: Rediscovering George Washington. New York: Free Press, 1996.

Brooks, Elbridge. The True Story of Washington. 1895. Reprint Edition, Boston: Lothrop, Lee & Shepherd, Co, 1939.

Burns, James MacGregor and Susan Dunn. George Washington: (The American Presidents Series). New York: Times Books, 2004.

Callahan, North. George Washington: Soldier and Man. New York: Morrow, 1972.

___. Thanks, Mr. President: The Trail-blazing Second Term of George Washington. New York: Cornwall Books, 1991.

Carrington, Henry B. Washington, The Soldier, by General Henry B. Carrington...with Illustrations, Maps, Chronological Index and Appendices. New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1899.

Cecil, E. Life of George Washington. Boston: Crosby, Nichols, and Company, 1859.

Clark, E. Harrison. All Cloudless Glory: The Life of George Washington. Washington, D.C.: Regnery Publishers: Lanham, Md.; Distributed to the trade by National Book Network, 1995-1996.

Clary, David A. Adopted Son: Washington, Lafayette, and the Friendship that saved the Revolution. New York: Bantam Books, 2007.

Condie, Thomas. Biographical Memoirs of the Illustrious Gen. George Washington, late President of the United States of America, etc. containing a history of the principal events of his life, with extracts from his journals, Speeches to Congress, and Public Addresses. Also, a sketch of his private life. Brattlebrough: William Fessenden, 1814.

Corry, John. Life of Gen. George Washington, late President of the United States of America, and Commander In Chief of their armies, during the Revolutionary War. New York: Johnstone & Van Norden, 1825.

Crutchfield, James A. George Washington: First in War, First in Peace. New York: Forge Books, 2005.

Cunliffe, Marcus. George Washington, Man and Monument. Boston: Little, Brown, 1958.

Custis, George Washington Parke. Recollections and Private Memoirs of Washington. 1859. Reprint Edition, Philadelphia: J. W. Bradley, 1861.

Davidson, Thomas W. Wisdom of George Washington: The Detailed Acts and Words of Wisdom That Gave Birth to a Nation. San Antonio, TX: Naylor Co., 1964.

De La Bedoyere, Michael. George Washington. Philadelphia, PA: J. B. Lippincott, 1935.

Decatur, Stephen. Private Affairs of George Washington, From the Records and Accounts of Tobias Lear, Esquire, His Secretary. 1933. Reprint Edition, New York: Da Capo Press, 1969.

Eddy, David W. "George Washington in Command: Speculations on his Revolutionary War leadership," M. A. Thesis, Lamar University-Beaumont, 1991.

Edmonds, Cyrus R. The Life and Times of General Washington. Two Volumes. London: T. Tegg and Son, 1835-36.

Ellis, Joseph J. His Excellency, George Washington. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2004.

Ellis, Ivan Cheever. "A Study of the Influence of Alexander Hamilton on George Washington," Ph. D. diss., University of Southern California, 1957.

Emery, Noemie. Washington: A Biography. New York: Putnam, 1976.

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