TSONGAS, Paul Efthemios



TSONGAS, Paul Efthemios, (husband of Nicola S. Tsongas), a Representative and a Senator from Massachusetts; born in Lowell, Middlesex County, Mass., February 14, 1941; attended the public schools of Lowell; graduated from Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H., 1962, and from Yale University School of Law 1967; attended the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University 1973-1974; lawyer; admitted to the Massachusetts bar in 1968 and commenced practice in Lowell; served as Peace Corps Volunteer in Ethiopia 1962-1964, and the West Indies 1967-1968; deputy assistant attorney general of Massachusetts 1969-1971; served as Lowell city councillor 1969-1972; Middlesex County (Mass.) commissioner 1973-1974; elected as a Democrat to the Ninety-fourth Congress, November 4, 1974; reelected to the Ninety-fifth Congress (January 3, 1975-January 3, 1979); was not a candidate for reelection to the House of Representatives but was elected in 1978 to the United States Senate; served from January 3, 1979, to January 2, 1985, when he resigned; was not a candidate for reelection to the Senate in 1984; resumed the practice of law in Boston; unsuccessful candidate for 1992 Democratic Presidential nomination; co-founder, The Concord Coalition; was a resident of Lowell, Mass., until his death in Boston, January 18, 1997; interment in Lowell Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

University of Massachusetts, Lowell
Center for Lowell History

Lowell, MA
Papers: 1974-1994. 500 linear feet. Congressional and business correspondence and papers; photographs; video tape; sound recordings; and memorabilia. The Tsongas Collection documents terms spent in the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate from 1974 to 1984 as well as his Presidential campaign from 1991 to 1992. The Collection represents national and international political history. The dominant concerns throughout Tsongas's political career, however, were focused on domestic issues. Compelled by the challenges faced by his home town of Lowell, Massachusetts, during the demise of its textile industry, Tsongas served on key committees in the House and Senate that enabled him to confront national problems of manufacturing decline and related economic, energy, and environmental issues. Legislation concerning energy policy, the county's reliance on foreign oil, conservation, nuclear energy, and environmental protection were of particular importance to Tsongas throughout his political career and figured largely in much of the legislation he worked on, the speeches he gave, and the books he wrote. Materials associated with these issues such as hearing notes, reports, briefs, correspondence, and speeches comprise a large portion the Collection. Topic highlights include the 1978 Lowell National Historical Park, the 1979 Chrysler bailout, and the 1980 Alaska Lands Act, all of which passed due to legislation written by Tsongas. Other highlights include manuscripts, typescripts, and proofs of his books. Finding aid available online. Over 10,0000 documents have been digitized.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Fenno, Richard F., Jr. Senators on the Campaign Trail: The Politics of Representation. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1992.

Netherton, Dane Morris. "Paul Tsongas and the Battles over Energy and the Environment, 1974-1980." Ph.D. dissertation, Washington State University, 2004.

Tsongas, Paul. A Call to Economic Arms. Boston: Foley Hoag & Eliot, 1991.

___. Heading Home. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1984.

___. Journey of Purpose: Reflections on the Presidency, Multiculturalism, and Third Parties. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995.

___. The Road from Here: Liberalism and Realities in the 1980s. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1981.

U.S. Congress. Senate. Tributes to the Honorable Paul E. Tsongas of Massachusetts in the United States Senate, Upon the Occasion of His Retirement from the Senate. 98th Cong., 2d sess., 1984. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1984.

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