JACKSON, Henry Martin (Scoop)

JACKSON, Henry Martin (Scoop)
1912–1983

Biography

JACKSON, Henry Martin (Scoop), a Representative and a Senator from Washington; born in Everett, Snohomish County, Wash., May 31, 1912; attended the public schools and Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.; graduated from the law school of the University of Washington at Seattle in 1935; admitted to the bar the same year and commenced practice in Everett, Wash.; prosecuting attorney of Snohomish County 1938-1940; attended the International Maritime Conference in Copenhagen, Denmark, in 1945 as adviser to the American delegation; elected president of the International Maritime Conference held in Seattle, Wash., in 1946; elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-seventh Congress and to the five succeeding Congresses (January 3,1941-January 3, 1953); was not a candidate for renomination in 1952; chairman, Committee on Indian Affairs (Seventy-ninth Congress); elected to the United States Senate in 1952 and reelected in 1958, 1964, 1970, 1976 and again in 1982, serving from January 3, 1953, until his death on September 1, 1983, in Everett, Wash.; chairman, Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (Eighty-eighth through Ninety-fifth Congresses), Committee on Energy and Natural Resources (Ninety-fifth and Ninety-sixth Congresses); chairman of the Democratic National Committee in 1960; unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic nomination for president of the United States, 1972 and 1976; interment at Evergreen Cemetery, Everett, Wash.; posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom on June 26, 1984.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boise State University Library

Boise, ID
Papers: Correspondence in Frank Church papers, 1941-1984. Finding aid.

Broadcast Pioneers Library
University of Maryland Hornbake Library

College Park, MD
Papers: 84 audiotapes (1960-1975) in Westinghouse Broadcasting Company collection, 1945-1981.

Clemson University Library

Clemson, SC
Papers: In George B. Hartzog papers, 1940-1985 (bulk 1955-1972).

Emory University
Robert W. Woodruff Library

Atlanta, GA
Papers: Correspondence in Morris B. Abram papers, 1954-1986.

Gerald R. Ford Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: 1974-1977. Correspondence and briefing papers. Finding aid.

Lyndon Baines Johnson Library

Austin, TX
Oral History: March 13, 1978. 17 pages.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in Clinton Presba Anderson papers, 1938-1972. Finding aid.

Rutgers University Libraries

New Brunswick, NJ
Papers: In New Democratic Coalition of New York records, 1960-1978.

State Historical Society of Wisconsin
Archives Division

Madison, WI
Papers: Recorded interview in Gunnar Back broadcasts, 1930-1979; and in Wilbur J. Cohen papers, 1930-1987.

U.S. Senate
Historical Office

Washington, DC
Oral History: Discussed in interview (January 30-February 3, 1992) with Jerry T. Verkler, staff director of the Senate Interior and Insular Affairs Committee, 182 pages.

University of Georgia
Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies

Athens, GA
Oral History: 1971. 9 pages. Limited to reminiscences of Russell.

University of Oregon

Eugene, OR
Papers: Correspondence in R. Nevan McCullough papers, 1852-1982 (bulk 1903-1982).

University of Virginia
Alderman Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Correspondence in Francis Pickens Miller papers, 1885-1971. Finding aid.

University of Washington Libraries
Manuscripts and University Archives

Seattle, WA
Papers: 1912-1987. Ca. 1235 cubic feet (bulk 1940-1983). The numerous accessions that make up the Henry M. Jackson papers measure approximately 1,235 cubic feet. They date from 1912 to 1987, with the bulk of the material from the period 1940-1983, Jackson's years in Congress. The papers document Jackson's career as a small-town attorney, member of Congress, United States senator, and presidential candidate. Accessions 3560-1 through 3560-20 represent the original body of papers donated to the University of Washington Libraries shortly after the Senator's death. The papers were divided into separate accessions by date and material type to facilitate processing as well as early access by researchers. Accessions 21 through 30 contain materials that were added subsequently. Accessions 31 through 34 were created in 2007 when audio, moving image, and photographic and graphic materials in the collection were reprocessed and relisted. Restrictions on Use Literary rights to the Jackson papers have been transferred to the University of Washington. However, copyright restrictions apply to incoming letters and may apply to many of the photographs, moving image materials, sound recordings, and political cartoons. Researchers are advised to consult with the staff of the Special Collections Division, University of Washington Libraries for further information. Restrictions on Access The Jackson papers are open to all researchers with the following exceptions: The case files in accessions 3560-1 (pre-congressional papers), 3560-6 (FPD papers), 3560-8 (House case files) and 3560-14 (Senate case files) as well as any individual case files in other accessions are restricted to use by graduate students, university faculty members, and others doing similar serious research. These users must sign a statement indicating an understanding of the restrictions on the dissemination of information contained in these files. These conditions also apply to the microfilm of outgoing letters in accession 3560-19, which includes correspondence from constituent case files. The Joel Merkel subgroup in box 330 of accession 3560-5 (Senate papers) is closed until an undetermined date before 2011. Finding aid available at http://digital.lib.washington.edu/findingaids/view?docId=JacksonHenry3560.xml
Additional Papers: Campaign files and related records in the Sterling Munro papers, 1959-1989, 39.3 cubic feet. Chiefly concerning the election campaigns of Jackson and Democratic politics. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Merle Daniel Adlum papers, 1963-1983; AFL-CIO Washington State Labor Council records, ca. 1935-1985; Sierra Club, Northwest Office records, 1967-1985; Warren G. Magnuson papers, 1929-1980; H.A. Annen papers, 1944-1967; American Institute of Architects, Seattle Chapter records, 1894-1984; Walter B. Beals papers, 1916-1951; Willis Tryon Batcheller papers, ca. 1915-1970; Brock Evans papers, 1961-1974; Preston P. Macy papers, 1914-1972 (bulk 1926-1969); Richard J. Brooks papers, 1963-1980; Severn A. Sween papers, 1946-1958; Thomas E. Smith papers, 1933-1969; Double K Mountain Ranch collection, 1959-1969; Harold Everett Wessman papers, 1925-1968; Andrew Winberg papers, 1936-1964; Robert E. Burke collection, 1930-1945; and Alice Franklin Bryant papers, 1915-1977 (bulk 1954-1977).

University of Wyoming
American Heritage Center

Laramie, WY
Papers: Correspondence in Dewey Anderson papers, 1939-1975.

Western Reserve Historical Society

Cleveland, OH
Papers: In Cyrus Eaton papers, 1901-1978. Finding aid.
Research Libraries Information Network In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Filson Club Historical Society, Louisville, KY; Radcliffe College, Schlesinger Library, Cambridge, MA; University of Idaho Library, Moscow, ID; University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library, Ann Arbor, MI; University of Virginia, Alderman Library, Charlottesville, VA; and Yale University Library, New Haven, CT.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Bloodworth, Jeff. "Senator Henry Jackson, the Solzhenitsyn Affair, and American Liberalism." Pacific Northwest Quarterly 97 (Spring 2006): 69-77.

Fosdick, Dorothy, ed. Henry M. Jackson and World Affairs: Selected Speeches, 1953-1983. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1990.

___, ed. Staying the Course: Henry M. Jackson and National Security. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1987.

Gaskin, Thomas M. "Henry M. Jackson, Snohomish County Prosecutor, 1939-1940." Pacific Northwest Quarterly 81 (July 1990): 87-95.

Jackson, Henry. "Congress and the Atom." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 290 (November 1953): 76-81.

___. "Environmental Policy and the Congress." Public Administration Review 28 (July/August 1968): 303-5.

___. Fact, Fiction, and National Security. New York: Macfadden-Bartell Corp., 1964.

Kaufman, Robert G. Henry M. Jackson: A Life in Politics. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2000.

Ognibene, Peter J. Scoop: The Life and Politics of Senator Henry M. Jackson. New York: Stein & Day, 1975.

Prochnau, William W., and Richard W. Larsen. A Certain Democrat: Senator Henry M. Jackson: A Political Biography. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1972.

Robson, John Sinclair Petifer. "Henry Jackson, the Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Detente: Ideology, Ideas, and United States Foreign Policy in the Nixon Era." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Texas at Austin, 1989.

Stern, Paula. Water's Edge: Domestic Politics and the Making of American Foreign Policy. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1979.

U.S. Congress. Memorial Services Held in the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States, Together with Tributes Presented in Eulogy of Henry M. Jackson, Late a Senator from Washington. 98th Cong., 1st sess., 1983. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1983.

Webber, David J. Outstanding Environmentalists of Congress. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Capitol Historical Society, 2002.

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