WRIGHT, John Crafts

1783–1861

Biography

WRIGHT, John Crafts, a Representative from Ohio; born in Wethersfield, Conn., August 17, 1783; completed preparatory studies; learned the trade of printer; moved to Troy, N.Y., and edited the Troy Gazette for several years; studied law in Litchfield, Conn.; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Steubenville, Ohio, in 1809; United States district attorney in 1817; elected to the Seventeenth Congress, but resigned on March 3, 1821, before the beginning of the congressional term; reelected to the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Congresses (March 4, 1823-March 3, 1829); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1828 to the Twenty-first Congress; elected to the Ohio Supreme Court in 1831 and served until February 2, 1835, when he resigned; moved to Cincinnati in 1835 and engaged in newspaper work, and for thirteen years published the Cincinnati Gazette; director of the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton Railway Co.; delegate to and honorary president of the peace congress held in Washington, D.C., in 1861 in an effort to devise means to prevent the impending war, and died while serving in that capacity at Washington, D.C., February 13, 1861; interment in Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, Ohio.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

[ Top ]

External Research Collections

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1816-1828, 10 items. Papers of John C. Wright, 1816-1828.
Papers: In the William Bebb Papers, ca. 1705-1849, 0.2 linear foot. Correspondents include John C. Wright.
Papers: In the Thomas Corwin Correspondence, 1850-1853, 4 linear feet. Correspondents include John C. Wright.
Papers: In the Charles Hammond Papers, 1793-1840, 1 cubic foot. Correspondents include John C. Wright.
Papers: In the Benjamin Tappan Papers, 1795-1900, 3650 items. Correspondents include John C. Wright.

Ohio Historical Society

Columbus, OH
Papers: 1825, 1 item. A letter from John Crafts Wright to Samuel L. Southard, Secretary of the Navy, written on March 2, 1825. In the letter, Wright suggests four men from Ohio for midshipman's warrants.
Papers: 1823, 2 items. Letters, Dec. 5 and 22, 1823, from John Crafts Wright, relating to congressional activities of interest and importance to Ohio.
Papers: In the John Sloane Papers, 1809-1877, 0.25 cubic foot. Other authors include John C. Wright.
[ Top ]

Bibliography / Further Reading

Gunderson, Robert Gray. "John C. Wright and 'The Old Gentlemen's Convention'." Bulletin of the Historical and Philosophical Society of Ohio 12 (April 1954): 109-18.

[ Top ]