WEEKS, John Wingate

1860–1926

Biography

WEEKS, John Wingate, (father of Sinclair Weeks, great nephew of John Wingate Weeks), a Representative and a Senator from Massachusetts; born near Lancaster, N.H., April 11, 1860; attended the common schools; taught school; graduated from the United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md., in 1881; served in the United States Navy as a midshipman 1881-1883; resigned from the Navy in 1883 and took up the profession of civil engineering and surveying; relocated to Florida and served as first chief of the Orlando fire department 1885-1888; land commissioner of Florida Southern Railroad in Jacksonville 1886-1887; returning to Massachusetts, engaged in the banking and brokerage business in Boston 1888-1914; served in the Massachusetts Naval Brigade 1890-1900, acting as commander the last six years; moved to Newton, Mass., in 1893; member of the Board of Visitors to the United States Naval Academy in 1896; served in the Spanish-American War as a lieutenant in the Volunteer Navy 1898; member of the board of aldermen of Newton 1899-1902; mayor of Newton 1902-1903; elected as a Republican to the Fifty-ninth and to the four succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1905, until his resignation effective March 4, 1913, to become United States Senator; chairman, Committee on Expenditures in the Department of State (Fifty-ninth and Sixtieth Congresses), Committee on Post Office and Post Roads (Sixty-first Congress); elected as a Republican to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1913, to March 3, 1919; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1918; chairman, Committee on the Disposition of Useless Executive Papers (Sixty-fifth Congress); appointed Secretary of War by President Warren G. Harding in 1921, and again by President Calvin Coolidge, and served until 1925, when he resigned due to ill health; died in Lancaster, N.H., July 12, 1926; remains were cremated and the ashes interred in Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 2 items.

Dartmouth College

Hanover, NH
Papers: 1877-1926. 20 boxes and 2 portfolios. Correspondence, speeches, newspapers clippings, photographs, financial papers and other papers related to career in government.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Sinclair Weeks papers, 1910-1972; Sinclair Weeks album, 1923-1959; and Channing Harris Cox personal papers, 1904-1960.

Harvard University
Houghton Library

Cambridge, MA
Papers: Correspondence in W. Cameron Forbes papers, 1900-1946.

Johns Hopkins University
Milton S. Eisenhower Library

Baltimore, MD
Papers: In Jacob Harry Hollander papers, 1895-1940.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1924-1925. 2 social diaries.

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: 1911-1923. 4 letters. Concern issues of the day.

New Hampshire Historical Society

Concord, NH
Papers: 2 boxes.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: January 1, 1918; December 29, 1923. 2 letters.

Pierpont Morgan Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1 letter (February 21, 1924) to Henry New regarding the inability to make speeches due to congressional investigations in the Gilder Lehrman collection. Finding aid.

Syracuse University
George Arents Research Library

Syracuse, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Nathan Lewis Miller papers, 1902-1958.

U.S. Army Military History Institute

Carlisle Barracks, PA
Papers: Speeches written by Chynoweth for Weeks in Bradford Grethen Chynoweth papers, 1916-1961; and discussed in a lecture (1934) by Peyton Conway March.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: Correspondence in Charles Dewey Hilles papers, 1885-1955.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Spence, Benjamin Arthur. "The National Career of John Wingate Weeks (1904-1925)." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1971.

Washburn, Charles Grenfill. The Life of John W. Weeks. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1928.

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