TYLER, John

TYLER, John
Library of Congress
1790–1862

Biography

TYLER, John, (father of David Gardiner Tyler), a Representative and a Senator from Virginia, a Vice President and 10th President of the United States; born in Charles City County, Va., March 29, 1790; attended private schools and graduated from the College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Va., in 1807; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1809 and commenced practice in Charles City County; captain of a military company in 1813; member, State house of delegates 1811-1816; member of the council of state in 1816; elected as a Democratic Republican to the Fourteenth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John Clopton; reelected to the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Congresses and served from December 17, 1816, to March 3, 1821; declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1820 because of impaired health; member, State house of delegates 1823-1825; Governor of Virginia 1825-1827; elected as a Jacksonian (later Anti-Jacksonian) to the United States Senate in 1827; reelected in 1833 and served from March 4, 1827, to February 29, 1836, when he resigned; served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Twenty-third Congress; chairman, Committee on the District of Columbia (Twenty-third and Twenty-fourth Congresses), Committee on Manufactures (Twenty-third Congress); member of the State constitutional convention in 1829 and 1830; member, State house of delegates 1839; elected Vice President of the United States on the Whig ticket with William Henry Harrison in 1840; was inaugurated March 4, 1841, and served until the death of President Harrison on April 4, 1841; took the oath of office as President of the United States on April 6, 1841, and served until March 3, 1845; did not seek reelection; delegate to and president of the peace convention held in Washington, D.C., in 1861 in an effort to devise means to prevent the impending war; delegate to the Confederate Provisional Congress in 1861; elected to the House of Representatives of the Confederate Congress, but died in Richmond, Va., January 18, 1862, before the assembling of the Congress; interment in Hollywood Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Amistad Research Center
Tulane University

New Orleans, LA
Papers: Correspondence in Amistad (Schooner) case collection, 1839-1968. On 6 microfilm reels of originals in various repositories. Finding aid.

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 13 items.

Brooklyn Historical Society

Brooklyn, NY
Papers: 2 letters (October 4, 1844 and no date) and naval appointment (February 10, 1844).

Clemson University
Special Collections

Clemson, SC
Papers: Ca. 10 items in the John Caldwell Calhoun papers, 1784-1888. Finding aid. Restricted.

College of William and Mary

Williamsburg, VA
Papers: In Tyler family papers, 1664-1934. 55,130 items. Correspondence and collected papers of Tyler and members of his family. Includes 175 items of John Tyler. Finding aid.

Duke University
Special Collections Library Durham, NC

Louisville, KY
Papers: Miscellaneous letters and references in various collections.

Georgia Historical Society

Savannah, GA
Papers: Correspondence in Thomas Addison Burke papers, 1827-1860. Finding aid.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Correspondence in Simon Gratz collection, 1677-1910; Daniel Parker papers, 1800-1846; Bradford family papers, 1747-1847; and Presidents of the United States autographs.

Indiana Historical Society

Indianapolis, IN
Papers: 15 letters and documents (1839-1857) in various collections. Finding aid.

Knox College
Seymour Library

Galesburg, IL
Papers: 1 letter (April 2, 1855) in Bookfellow Foundation autograph collection, 1793-1945; and 1 letter (March 15, 1842) in Sang autograph collection, 1751-1954.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1691-1918. 3 linear feet. Correspondence, autograph collection, and family papers reflecting social life of Virginia. Available on 3 microfilm reels. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: 1 container (1814-1884); correspondence when Green was President Tyler's unofficial representative in Paris and London (1840-1844) in Duff Green papers, 1813-1879; and correspondence in Commissioners of the City of Washington records, 1791-1869 (bulk 1791-1808), available on 1 microfilm reel.

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: 41 items (1841-1861) in various collections.

Memphis State University Library
Mississippi Valley Collection

Memphis, TN
Papers: In Robert R. Church family papers, 1800-1978.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: 1827-1859. 39 items.

Northwestern University Library

Evanston, IL
Papers: [ca. 1843-1844]. 4 items. 3 letters and 1 document.

Pierpont Morgan Library

New York, NY
Papers: 10 items (1819-1898); and 18 items (1820-1859) concerning various political issues in the Gilder Lehrman collection. Finding aid.

Princeton University
Seeley G. Mudd Library

Princeton, NJ
Papers: In the Andre deCoppet collection, 1566-1942.

Queens Borough Public Library

Jamaica, NY
Papers: Land grant (signed 1844) in the Long Island collections.

Rosenbach Museum and Library

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1818-1857. 7 items.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: 1826-1861. Ca. 378 items.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Samuel Barron papers, 1820-1899; Gordon family papers, 1812-1916; personal letters and business papers postdating his congressional service in ca. 30 collections; engravings; and 3 microfilm reels of originals (1691-1918) in the Library of Congress.

Virginia Historical Society

Richmond, VA
Papers: Unknown quantity and photographs in various collections including the Lewis L. Strauss collection, 1749-1885; and Julia Gardiner Tyler papers, 1844-1946.

Virginia State Library and Archives

Richmond, VA
Papers: Gubernatorial papers (1825-1827); executive letterbook (1825-1827); 3 letters (July 29, 1835; December 27, 1852; November 24, 1858); and 3 microfilm reels of originals 1691-1918) in Library of Congress.
Additional Papers: In Arter family letters, 1864, 1919; Johnston family papers, 1779-1891; Tucker-Ewell family papers, 1770-1893; Granbery family papers, 1781-1927 (bulk 1859-1865); and Tazewell family papers, 1772-1866. Finding aid.

West Virginia University
West Virginia Regional History Collection

Morgantown, WV
Papers: 1739-1930s. 1 box. Notes and copies of correspondence compiled by Oliver Perry Chitwood for his biography, John Tyler: Champion of the Old South (1939).

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: 3 microfilm reels of originals (1691-1918) at Library of Congress; correspondence concerning his courtship of Julia Gardiner in Gardiner-Tyler family papers, 1843-1898; correspondence in Harry H. Ensign autograph collection, 1818-1880; Benajah Ticknor papers, 1818-1852; Louis Mayer Rabinowitz collection, 1676-1957 (bulk 1765-1915); and Alfred White Van Sinderen collection, 1782-1969.
Research Libraries Information Network In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Alabama Department of Archives and History, Montgomery, AL; Brown University, Providence, RI; Cornell University Libraries, Ithaca, NY; Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH; Hagley Museum and Library, Greenville, DE; Johns Hopkins University Library, Baltimore, MD; New York State Library, Albany, NY; Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, CA; Syracuse University, George Arents Research Library, Syracuse, NY; University of Iowa Libraries, Iowa City, IA; University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library, Ann Arbor, MI.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Abell, Alexander G. Life of John Tyler, President of the United States, Up to the Close of the Second Session of the Twenty-seventh Congress. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1843.

Chidsey, Donald Barr. And Tyler Too. Nashville: T. Nelson, 1978.

Chitwood, Oliver Perry. John Tyler, Champion of the Old South. New York: D. Appleton-Century Co., 1939.

Cronin, John William, and W. Harvey Wise, Jr., eds. A Bibliography of William Henry Harrison, John Tyler, James Knox Polk. Washington: Riverford Publishing Co., 1935.

Durfee, David A., ed. William Henry Harrison, 1773-1841: John Tyler, 1790-1862: Chronology, Documents, Bibliographical Aids. Dobbs Ferry, NY: Oceana Publications, 1970.

Jackson, John Byers. "John Tyler and the United States Bank." Master's thesis, Ohio State University, 1938.

Kleber, Louis C. "John Tyler." History Today 25 (October 1975): 697-703.

Mann, Nancy Wilson. Tylers and Gardiners on the Village Green: Williamsburg, Virginia, and East Hampton, Long Island. New York: Vantage Press, 1983.

Monroe, Dan. The Republican Vision of John Tyler. College Station: Texas A & M University Press, 2003.

Seager, Robert, II. And Tyler, Too: A Biography of John & Julia Gardiner Tyler. 1963. Reprint. Norwalk, CT: Easton Press, 1989.

Sydnor, Charles William. "The Congressional Career of John Tyler, the Tenth President." Master's thesis, West Virginia University, 1933.

Tyler, Lyon Gardiner, ed. The Letters and Times of the Tylers. 3 vols. 1884-1896. Reprint. New York: Da Capo Press, 1970.

Wise, Henry A. Seven Decades of the Union: The Humanities and Materialism, Illustrated by a Memoir of John Tyler, with Reminiscences of Some of His Great Contemporaries. 1872. Reprint. Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries Press, 1971.

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