SHERMAN, James Schoolcraft

SHERMAN, James Schoolcraft
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
1855–1912

Biography

SHERMAN, James Schoolcraft, a Representative from New York and a Vice President of the United States; born in Utica, N.Y., October 24, 1855; attended the public schools; pursued academic and collegiate courses and graduated from Hamilton College, Clinton, N.Y., in 1878; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1880 and commenced practice in Utica, N.Y.; president of the Utica Trust & Deposit Co. and of the New Hartford Canning Co.; mayor of Utica 1884; elected as a Republican to the Fiftieth and Fifty-first Congresses (March 4, 1887-March 3, 1891); chairman, Committee on Indian Affairs (Fifty-fourth through Sixtieth Congresses); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1890 to the Fifty-second Congress; elected to the Fifty-third and to the seven succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1893-March 3, 1909); was not a candidate for reelection, having been nominated as the Republican candidate for Vice President on the ticket with William Taft; elected Vice President of the United States in 1908 and served from March 4, 1909, until his death; had been renominated for Vice President in June 1912; died in Utica, Oneida County, N.Y., October 30, 1912; interment in Forest Hill Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

The New York Public Library
Manuscripts & Archives Section

New York, NY
Papers: 1883-1912, 31 linear feet. The collection consists of correspondence, financial documents, writings, scrapbooks, and other materials that document J.S. Sherman's political career. Subjects include the campaign and election for the vice-presidency, candidacy for Speaker of the House of Representatives, defeat by Theodore Roosevelt for chairmanship of the New York Republican Convention in 1910, the Progressive Party, the Republican Party, the Utica Trust and Depository Company, and legislation enacted during the Roosevelt and Taft administrations, especially the Payne-Aldrich Tariff of 1909. Also includes correspondence with Members of Congress, department heads in Washington, members of the Roosevelt and Taft cabinets, constituents, and business and personal associates. In addition, personal financial documents, speeches, scrapbooks, graphics, photographs, artifacts, and printed material. A finding aid is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Chauncey M. Depew Papers, 1880-1925, 0.3 linear foot. Other authors include J.S. Sheman. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: In the W.R. Grace & Co. Records, 1828-1986, 90 linear feet. Subjects covered include J.S. Sherman. A contents list is available in the repository.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the William H. Taft Papers, ca. 1784-1973, 902.5 linear feet. Correspondents include J.S. Sherman.

New York State Library
Manuscripts and Special Collections

Albany, NY
Papers: In the Sherman Family Papers, 1850-1887, 0.30 cubic foot. Subjects covered include J.S. Sherman.

Stanford University Libraries
Manuscripts Division, Department of Special Collections & University Archives

Stanford, CA
Papers: In the James Carson Needham Papers, 1893-1936, 6 linear feet. Subjects covered include J.S. Sherman. A finding aid is available in the reading room and online.

University of California, Berkeley
The Bancroft Library

Berkeley, CA
Papers: In the Francis John Dyer Papers, 1864-1924, 1 box. Correspondents include James Schoolcraft Sherman.
Papers: In the C. Hart Merriam Papers, ca. 1798-1972, 65 linear feet. Correspondents include James Schoolcraft Sherman.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: In the Bingham Family Papers, 1817-1910, 2 linear feet. Other authors include James Schoolcraft Sherman. A finding aid is available in the library.

University of Rochester
Department of Rare Books, Manuscripts and Archives, Rush Rhees Library

Rochester, NY
Papers: In the Arthur Caswell Parker Papers, 1860-1952. Correspondents include James S. Sherman. A register is available in the repository.

Yale University
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: In the Charles Dewey Hilles Papers, 1823-1955, 63.5 linear feet. Subjects covered include James Schoolcraft Sherman. An unpublished finding aid is available in the library.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

National Republican Club, Inc. Memorial Service in Honor of the Memory of the Late James Schoolcraft Sherman. [New York]: Republican Club of the City of New York, 1913.

Schlup, Leonard. "The Pulse of Old Guard Politics: James S. Sherman and the 1908 Republican Ticket." Social Science Quest 5 (Summer 1988): 9-22.

Sherman, James Schoolcraft. The Crime of This "New Age." New York: N.p., [1912].

U.S. Congress. Memorial Addresses. 62nd Cong., 3rd sess., 1912-1913. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1913.

Washington, D.C. Inaugural Committee, 1909. Inauguration of William Howard Taft, as President of the United States, and James Schoolcraft Sherman. [Washington, D.C.: Press of W. F. Roberts Co., 1909].

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