VINSON, Frederick Moore

VINSON, Frederick Moore
69th Congress Pictorial Directory, Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
1890–1953

Biography

VINSON, Frederick Moore, a Representative from Kentucky; born in Louisa, Lawrence County, Ky., January 22, 1890; attended the public schools; graduated from the law department of Centre College, Danville, Ky., 1911; was admitted to the bar the same year and commenced practice in Louisa; city attorney of Louisa in 1914 and 1915; lawyer, private practice; United States Army, First World War, 1917-1919; Commonwealth attorney for the thirty-second judicial district of Kentucky 1921-1924; elected as a Democrat to the Sixty-eighth Congress by special election, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of United States Representative William J. Fields, and reelected to the two succeeding Congresses (January 24, 1924-March 3, 1929); unsuccessful candidate for reelection to the Seventy-first Congress in 1928; resumed the practice of law in Kentucky; elected as Democrat to the Seventy-second and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1931-May 12, 1938); appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt an associate justice of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia in 1938 and subsequently designated by Chief Justice Stone on March 2, 1942, as chief judge of the United States Emergency Court of Appeals; served in each capacity until his resignation May 27, 1943, to become Director of the Office of Economic Stabilization, in which capacity he served until March 5, 1945; Federal Loan Administrator from March 6 to April 3, 1945; director of War Mobilization and Reconversion from April 4 to July 22, 1945; appointed Secretary of the Treasury by President Harry S. Truman and served from July 23, 1945, to June 23, 1946; appointed and took the oath of office as Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court on June 24, 1946, and served until his death in Washington, D.C., September 8, 1953; interment in Pinehill Cemetery, Louisa, Ky.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

University of Kentucky
The Wendell H. Ford Research Center and Public Policy Archives

Lexington, KY
Papers: 1907-1953, approximately 420 boxes containing 302,500 items. The papers of Frederick Moore Vinson contain correspondence, speeches, articles, statements, memorabilia, tape recordings, photographs, and motion pictures, documenting his public life. An unpublished finding aid is available in the repository.
Papers: 1973 and 1975, 23 interviews. The interviews which discuss the recollections of various interviewees concerning Frederick Moore Vinson. A finding aid is available in the library and online.
Papers: In the Louis Wagner Arnett Papers, ca. 1927-1953, 2.4 cubic feet. Persons represented include Fred M. Vinson.
Papers: In the Alben W. Barkley Papers, 1900-1956, 167 cubic feet. Persons represented include Fred M. Vinson.
Papers: In the Boone Bicentennial Commission Records, 1931-1937, 0.4 cubic foot. Persons represented include Fred M. Vinson.
Papers: In the Albert B. Chandler Papers, 1920-1974, 257.2 cubic feet. Persons represented include Fred M. Vinson.
Papers: In the Earle C. Clements Papers, 1940-1960, 134.4 cubic feet. Persons represented include Fred M. Vinson.
Papers: In the Rogers C.B. Morton Collection, 1939-1976, 171 cubic feet. Persons represented include Fred M. Vinson.
Papers: In the Stanley F. Reed Papers, 1926-1977, 377 boxes. Persons represented include Fred M. Vinson.
Papers: In the Jouett Shouse Papers, ca. 1911-1967, 2500 pieces. Persons represented include Fred M. Vinson.
Papers: In the Brent Spence Papers, ca. 1930-1962, 81 cubic feet. Persons represented include Fred M. Vinson.
Papers: In the Thomas R. Underwood Papers, ca. 1896-1956, 6 volumes. Persons represented include Fred M. Vinson.
Papers: In the Lawrence W. Wetherby Papers, ca. 1926-1958, 19.8 cubic feet. Persons represented include Fred M. Vinson.
Papers: In the Simeon Slavens Willis Papers, ca. 1915-1959, 3.8 cubic feet. Persons represented include Fred M. Vinson.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: In the Frances Perkins Collection, 1943-1946, 3 letters. Correspondents include Frederick Moore Vinson. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Duke University Libraries
Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library

Durham, NC
Papers: 1944-1946, 12 items. The papers of Fred Vinson contain four short pieces of correspondence addressed to Harry L. Dalton from 1844-1946. A large folder of clippings and miscellany includes articles on Vinson and the Treasury, a long statement delivered to the House Ways and Means Committee (Oct 1, 1945), as well as clippings and the Life magazine cover story on Vinson's swearing in as Chief Justice (1946).
Papers: In the Robert Watts Hudgens Papers, 1925-1973, 6400 items. Persons represented include Fred Vinson.

The Filson Historical Society

Louisville, KY
Papers: ca. 1940s, 1 item. A large poster with a telegram from Secretary of the Treasury Frederick Vinson reminding Americans to buy government bonds; in the background are pictures of Navy boats, soldiers eating, and photos of two soldiers identified as Philip A. Wheeler and Kenneth V. Bordeau.

Harvard Law School Library
Manuscripts

Cambridge, MA
Papers: In the Felix Frankfurter Papers, ca. 1900-1965, 115 linear feet. Subjects include Frederick M. Vinson. An inventory is available in the library.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the Hugo LaFayette Black Papers, ca. 1883-1976, 216 linear feet. Correspondents include Fred Vinson.
Papers: In the Breckinridge Family Papers, 1752-1965, 263 linear feet. Coorespondents include Fred Vinson.
Papers: In the Harold H. Burton Papers, ca. 1792-1965, 159.5 linear feet. Correspondents include Fred Vinson.
Papers: In the Clark M. Clifford Papers, ca. 1883-1999, 34.6 linear feet. Correspondents include Fred Vinson.
Papers: In the Huntington Cairns Papers, ca. 1780-1984, 73.1 linear feet. Correspondents include Fred Vinson.
Papers: In the Charles Fahy Papers, ca. 1857-1985, 40.2 linear feet. Correspondents include Fred Vinson.
Papers: In the Felix Frankfurter Papers, ca. 1846-1966, 106.4 linear feet. Correspondents include Fred Vinson.
Papers: In the E.A. Goldenweiser Papers, ca. 1911-1952, 3.6 linear feet. Correspondents include Fred Vinson.
Papers: In the Robert Houghwout Jackson Papers, ca. 1816-1983, 110 linear feet. Correspondents include Fred Vinson.
Papers: In the Wiley Rutledge Papers, ca. 1912-1984, 93.2 linear feet. Correspondents include Fred Vinson.

Princeton University
Mudd Manuscript Library

Princeton, NJ
Oral History: In the William O. Douglas Interviews, 1961-1963, 0.9 cubic foot. Subjects include Fred Vinson.
Papers: In the Ferdinand Eberstadt Papers, 1868-1970, 113.52 linear feet. Persons represented include Fred Vinson.
Papers: In the David Lawrence Papers, ca. 1901-1975, 163 cubic feet. Persons represented include Fred Vinson.

Harry S. Truman Library

Independence, MO
Microfilm: 1945-1946, 48 microfilm reels. The papers document Fred Vinson's tenure as director of War Mobilization and Reconversion and as Secretary of the Treasury. The original papers are at the University of Kentucky.
Microfilm: 1944-1953, 1 microfilm reel. Correspondents include Fred Vinson. The original papers are at the University of Kentucky.
Papers: In the Eben A. Ayers Papers, ca. 1898-1987, approximately 14 linear feet. Persons represented include Fred Vinson.
Papers: In the Robert E. Hannegan Papers, ca. 1902-1992, 6.4 linear feet. Persons represented include Fred Vinson.

University of Iowa Libraries
Special Collections Department

Iowa City, IA
Papers: In the Charles A. Dewey Letters, 1951-1952, 2 items. The letters are from Fred M. Vinson and authorize Charles A. Dewey as temporary district judge in New York, Indiana, and Florida respectively.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: In the American Council on Alcohol Problems Records, 1916-1969, 7 linear feet and 3 oversize folders. Correspondents include Frederick M. Vinson. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the Frank Murphy Papers, 1908-1949, 106 linear feet. Persons represented include Fred Vinson.
Papers: In the Alexander G. Ruthven Papers, 1901-1961, 65 linear feet. Persons represented include Fred Vinson.
Papers: In the Isaiah Leo Sharfman Papers, 1914-1962, 10 linear feet. Persons represented include Fred Vinson.
Papers: In the Arthur Hendrick Vandenberg Papers, 1884-1974, 8 linear feet and 25 volumes. Persons represented include Fred Vinson.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Southern Historical Collection

Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: 1851, 1 item. A letter from E. S. Askew to Fred M. Vinson written on February 13, 1951. In the letter, Askew expounds his views on the superiority of the white race and the dangers of miscegenation.

University of Virginia
The Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: In the John William Flannagan Scrapbooks, 1920-1953, 22 volumes. Correspondents include Fred M. Vinson.
Papers: In the Walter Wyatt Papers, 1916-1963, approximately 44,000 items. Correspondents include Fred M. Vinson. A finding aid is available in the library.

Wisconsin Historical Society
Archives Division

Madison, WI
Papers: In the Byron Price Papers, 1901-1980, 4.8 cubic feet. Correspondents include Fred M. Vinson. A register is available in the repository.

Yale University Library
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: In the Jerome Frank Papers, ca. 1918-1972, 105.25 linear feet. Subjects include Frederick Moore Vinson. An unpublished finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the Brown vs. Board of Education Collection, 1950-1975, 8 linear feet. Subjects include Frederick Moore Vinson. An unpublished finding aid is available in the library.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Bernstein, Barton J. "Charting A Course Between Inflation And Depression: Secretary of the Treasury Fred Vinson and the Truman Administration's Tax Bill." Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 66 (January 1968): 53-64.

Bolner, James. "Fred M. Vinson: 1890-1938, The Years of Relative Obscurity." Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 63 (January 1965): 3-16.

Hatcher, John H. "Fred Vinson: Congressman From Kentucky, A Political Biography: 1890-1938." Ph.D. diss., University of Cincinnati, 1967.

Ries, John C. "Congressman Vinson and the 'Deputy' to JCS Chairman." Military Affairs 30 (Spring 1966): 16-24.

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