OTIS, Samuel Allyne

1740–1814

Biography

OTIS, Samuel Allyne, (father of Harrison Gray Otis), a Delegate from Massachusetts; born in Barnstable, Barnstable County, Mass., November 24, 1740; was graduated from Harvard College in 1759; engaged in mercantile pursuits in Boston; member of the state house of representatives in 1776; member of the Board of War in 1776; collector of clothing for the Continental Army in 1777; member of the Massachusetts constitutional convention; again a member of the state house of representatives 1784-1787 and elected speaker of the house in 1784; Member of the Continental Congress in 1787 and 1788; elected Secretary of the United States Senate on April 8, 1789, and served until his death in Washington, D.C., April 22, 1814; interment in Congressional Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1766-1802, 3 items. The papers include a notice (1766 Aug. 26) of a judgment of the Inferior Court of Common Pleas, Suffolk County, Mass., against John Boies, stating an amount to be paid to Otis; ALS (1801 April 28) from Otis to Jacob Read relating to political affairs, especially U.S. relations with France, and complaining about living conditions in the new capital, Washington, D.C.; and ALS (1802 May 12) from Otis to William Hill Wells concerning matters relating to the U.S. Senate.
Papers: In the Elbridge Gerry Papers, ca. 1772-1901, 1.4 linear feet. Correspondents include Samuel Allyne Otis. A finding aid is available in the library and online.
Papers: In the Henry A. Willard II Collection, ca. 1743-1888, 0.8 linear foot. Persons represented include Samuel Allyne Otis. A finding aid is available in the library.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: In the Otis Family Papers, 1687-1868, 349 items. Persons represented include Samuel Allyne Otis. The papers are also available on microfilm.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In the Simon Gratz Alphabetical Collection, 1677-1910, 100 linear feet. Correspondents include Samuel Otis.

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: 1809-1814, 1 folder. Line-a-day diary entries for intermittent dates between 16 Dec. 1809 and 15 Apr. 1814, kept by Samuel A. Otis, Secretary of the U.S. Senate, noting weather; daily activities, travels, and visits; and occasional mention of congressional activities. Also includes a few shorthand notes and some personal expenses.
Papers: In the Harrison Gray Otis Papers,1691-1870, 12 boxes, 1 volume, and 1 oversize folder. Other authors include Samuel Allyne Otis. The collection is also available on microfilm.
Papers: In the Otis Family Papers 1701-1800, 3 boxes. Other authors include Samuel Allyne Otis. The collection is also available on microfilm.
Papers: In the Mercy Otis Warren Papers, 1709-1841, 3 boxes and 1 extra tall volume. Correspondents include Samuel A. Otis. The collection is also available on microfilm.

The Morgan Library
Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts

New York, NY
Papers: 1784, 1 item. A letter from Samuel A. Otis to E. Gerry written on January 5, 1784.
Papers: 1788, 1 item. A letter from Samuel Allyne Otis to Moses M. Hayes written on February 18, 1788. In the letter, Samuel Otis writes concerning foreign commerce.
Papers: 1792, 1 item. A letter from Samuel Allyne Otis to Hon. Mr. Langdon written on April 23, 1792. In the letter, Samuel Otis sends Mr. Langdon a list of the "laws of this Session." The letter is endorsed with a note of identification and provenance by the collector, Robert Gilmor.

Yale University Library
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: In the Baldwin and Company Papers, ca. 1818-1876, 49 linear feet. Subjects include Samuel Allyne Otis. An unpublished finding aid is available in the repository.
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