MACON, Nathaniel

MACON, Nathaniel
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
1757–1837

Biography

MACON, Nathaniel, (uncle of Willis Alston and Micajah Thomas Hawkins, and great–grandfather of Charles Henry Martin), a Representative and a Senator from North Carolina; born near Warrenton, Warren County, N.C., December 17, 1757; pursued classical studies and attended the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University); served in the Revolutionary War; elected to the State senate 1781, 1782, and 1784; moved to a plantation on the Roanoke River; elected in 1785 to the Continental Congress but declined to serve; elected to the Second and to the twelve succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1791, until December 13, 1815, when he resigned, having been elected Senator; Speaker of the House of Representatives (Seventh through Ninth Congresses); chairman, Committee on Revisal and Unfinished Business (Fifth Congress), Committee on Claims (Sixth Congress), Committee on Public Expenditures (Thirteenth Congress); elected as a Democratic Republican to the United States Senate on December 5, 1815, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Francis Locke; reelected in 1819 and 1825 and served from December 13, 1815, until his resignation on November 14, 1828; served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Nineteenth Congress; chairman, Committee on Foreign Relations (Fifteenth, Nineteenth and Twentieth Congresses), Committee to Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses (Seventeenth Congress); unsuccessful candidate for vice president of the United States in 1825; president of the State constitutional convention in 1835; presidential elector on the Democratic ticket in 1836; died at 'Buck Spring,' near Macon, Warren County, N.C., June 29, 1837; interment at 'Buck Spring.'

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Alabama Department of Archives and History

Montgomery, AL
Papers: In Tait family papers, 1786-1899; Hall family papers, 1785-1923; and Alabama governor's administrative files, 1819-1820.

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 2 letters.

Duke University
Special Collections Library

Durham, NC
Papers: 37 items.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Letters (1808-1812) from Macon concerning debates on war with England in Jones and Clark records, 1784-1816.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1801, 1812. 2 items.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: 1801-1826. 22 items.

North Carolina Division of Archives and History

Raleigh, NC
Papers: 1773, 1804-1848. 117 items. In part transcripts. Correspondence and other papers, relating chiefly to political personalities and issues, public spending, the United States Bank, the tariff, presidential elections, work on the Capitol and grounds, and other personal and business affairs. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Business and estate papers in Katherine Clark Pendleton Conway collection, 1769-1877. Finding aid.

North Carolina State University Library

Raleigh, NC
Papers: 1804-1837. .25 cubic foot.

Ohio Historical Society

Columbus, OH
Papers: Correspondence in Thomas Worthington papers, 1795-1827.

Rosenbach Museum and Library

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: March 16, 1814. 1 letter. To Alexander James Dallas concerning Albert Gallatin's activities in peace negotiations with Britain.

University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection

Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: 1794-1837. 50 items.

Virginia State Library and Archives

Richmond, VA
Papers: Letters (1800-1827) to Joseph H. Nicholson in William Cabell Bruce collection of papers relating to John Randolph of Roanoke, Nathaniel Macon, Creed Taylor, R.N.Venable and James M. Garnett, 1791-1922; 1 letter (August 1, 1833) to Judge William Leigh; and discussed in 1 letter (November 4, 1811) from John Randolph to John St. George Randolph, both in Personal papers collection.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Barry, Stephen John. "Nathaniel Macon: The Prophet of Pure Democratic Republicanism, 1758-1837." Ph.D. dissertation, State University of New York--Buffalo, 1996.

Battle, Kemp P., ed. Letters of Nathaniel Macon, John Steele and William Barry Grove, with Sketches and Notes. Chapel Hill, NC: The University, 1902.

Benton, Thomas H. "Nathaniel Macon." In Lives of Distinguished North Carolinians, compiled by William J. Peele. pp. 81-110. Raleigh: North Carolina Publishing Society, 1898.

Cotten, Edward R. Life of the Hon. Nathaniel Macon, of North Carolina; In Which There Is Displayed Striking Instances of Virtue, Enterprise, Courage, Generosity and Patriotism. Baltimore: Lucas & Deaver, 1840.

Cunningham, Noble E., Jr. "Nathaniel Macon and the Southern Protest against National Consolidation." North Carolina Historical Review 32 (July 1955): 376-84.

Dodd, William E. The Life of Nathaniel Macon. Raleigh: Edwards & Broughton, 1903.

___. "The Place of Nathaniel Macon in Southern History."American Historical Review 7 (July 1902): 663-75.

Helms, James Marvin, Jr. "The Early Career of Nathaniel Macon: A Study in 'Pure Republicanism'." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Virginia, 1962.

McPherson, Elizabeth Gregory, ed. "Letters from Nathaniel Macon to John Randolph of Roanoke." North Carolina Historical Review 39 (Spring 1962): 195-211.

Poe, Clarence. "Nathaniel Macon, The Cincinnatus of America." South Atlantic Quarterly 37 (January 1938): 12-21.

Price, William S., Jr. "Nathaniel Macon, Planter." North Carolina Historical Review 78 (April 2001): 187-214.

Wilson, Edwin Mood. The Congressional Career of Nathaniel Macon. Chapel Hill, NC: University Press, 1900.

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