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LUCE, Clare Boothe

Image Courtesy of the National Archives and Records Administration
LUCE, Clare Boothe
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
1903–1987

Biography

Clare Boothe Luce conquered the political sphere in much the same way that she stormed the publishing industry and elite society—with quick intelligence, a biting wit, and a knack for publicity that, along with her celebrity and beauty, made her a media darling. Luce won a Connecticut U.S. House seat in 1942, despite never having stood for elective office. Though she was critical of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Luce’s internationalist bent led her to back the broad outlines of the administration’s plans for the postwar world. She once described her philosophy as, “America first but not only.”1

Clare Ann Boothe was born on April 10, 1903, in New York City, to William Boothe and Ann Clare Snyder Boothe, both involved with the theater. The family moved from New York City to Memphis, Tennessee, but after her parents divorced in 1913, Clare, her mother, and her brother, David, returned to New York City to build a new life. To help pay bills, Clare worked in several play productions and did not attend school until she was 12, studying at the Cathedral School of St. Mary on Long Island and at Miss Mason’s School in Tarrytown. Her mother eventually married Albert Austin, a wealthy doctor who later served in the Connecticut state legislature and the U.S. House. In 1923, Clare Boothe married George Brokaw, scion of a clothing fortune. They had one daughter, Ann Clare, but were divorced in 1929. Clare set her sights on writing and was hired by publisher Conde Nast at Vogue. By 1933 she served as managing editor at Nast’s Vanity Fair magazine. On November 21, 1935, Clare Boothe married Henry R. Luce, founder of Time, Life, and Fortune magazines. Shortly thereafter Clare Boothe Luce came into her own as a successful playwright. In 1936, she wrote a Broadway hit, The Women (1936), a satire about the lives of idle rich women. Other commercial successes followed. When war broke out in Europe, she toured the world as a Life correspondent. Luce eventually wrote dispatches from the North African and Chinese theaters.

Clare Boothe Luce’s interest in politics developed during the Great Depression. In 1932, she worked as the executive secretary of the National Party, which united conservatives with moderately liberal plans for rescuing the economy. Through her relationship with the financier Bernard Baruch, Luce for a brief time became a Franklin Roosevelt supporter. She eventually broke with the FDR administration over New Deal economic programs. Her first active participation in Republican politics came with her energetic support of Wendell Willkie’s 1940 presidential campaign. Her travels during World War II changed the focus of her criticisms of FDR from domestic to foreign policies. By 1942, Connecticut political leaders lobbied Luce to run for a U.S. House seat encompassing Fairfield County and the wealthy town of Greenwich, where Luce had a home. Initially reluctant because she thought she did not possess a temperament suited to politics and was unfamiliar with the district, she later accepted.2 In the GOP primary, opponents attacked her as a carpetbagger but she prevailed at the nominating meeting by a nearly unanimous vote.3 Luce based her platform on three goals: “One, to win the war. Two, to prosecute that war as loyally and effectively as we can as Republicans. Three, to bring about a better world and a durable peace, with special attention to post–war security and employment here at home.”4

In the general election she ran against Democratic incumbent Leroy Downs, a local newspaper publisher who had defeated her stepfather, Albert Austin, in 1940. She dismissed Downs as a Roosevelt “rubber stamp.”5 Nevertheless, her internationalist orientation differentiated Luce from isolationists. On that basis the influential syndicated columnist and FDR supporter Dorothy Thompson endorsed Luce.6 Former GOP presidential candidate Wendell Willkie also campaigned for her.7 With support from labor unions, Downs held his core Democratic voters together, but Luce defeated him by a 46 to 42 percent margin.8 If Socialist candidate David Mansell had not skimmed away 15,000 votes that likely would have gone to Downs, Luce would not have been elected. Still, she portrayed her victory as a mandate. “I have campaigned for fighting a hard war—not a soft war,” Luce declared. “Therefore this election proves how the American people want to fight this war.…They want to fight it efficiently and without bungling. They want to fight it in an honorable, all–out, plain–spoken partnership with our Allies.”9

Luce originally hoped to get a seat on the Foreign Affairs Committee, but Republican Minority Leader Joe Martin steered her onto the Committee on Military Affairs. Impatient with the arduous process of creating and passing legislation, she used her Military Affairs assignment as a soapbox from which to criticize the wartime policies of the Roosevelt administration. Her first floor speech attracted half the House Members—an unprecedented draw for even the most powerful veteran. In an address entitled “America in the Postwar Air World,” Luce advocated postwar U.S. air dominance, both commercial and military. In the same way that the British Navy controlled the world’s oceans in the 19th century, Luce suggested, U.S. airpower would control global airspace. She warned against British and Russian competition and attacked the administration’s “freedom of the skies” plan for postwar international aviation cooperation as “globaloney.”10 The speech had the effect Luce seemed to intend, stirring domestic and foreign controversy.11 From London, Member of Parliament Lady Astor mused, “People who start out to be sensational usually don’t last long.”12 Luce later clarified that she believed “every nation has sovereignty of its skies” and that the U.S. must extend aid to allied nations to reinvigorate the aviation industry and spur competition.13

Despite her status as a leading GOP spokesperson, Luce voted to support the general outlines of FDR’s foreign policy. She described an Anglo–American bilateral alliance as the “foundation stone” of any postwar international organization.14 She supported the so–called Fulbright Resolution in 1943, sponsored by Representative J. William Fulbright of Arkansas, which envisioned American participation in a postwar international organization—later the United Nations. She introduced resolutions to study the problem of postwar refugees and to create a U.N. agency to oversee arms control.15 Unlike isolationist Republicans in the House, Luce backed American involvement in the United Nations Refugee Relief Agency, though she wanted separate U.S. oversight of aid distribution in recipient countries.16 Luce also supported the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine.17

On domestic policy, Congresswoman Luce was more centrist than her rhetoric implied. In 1943, she supported the Equal Rights Amendment on the 20th anniversary of its introduction in the House. Luce also endorsed the development of the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps, arguing that, “We have always been fighting women and never afraid to do our part.”18 She advocated a heavy wartime tax on the rich: “those who can afford it, the well–to–do and the rich, must be taxed almost to the constitutional point of confiscation.”19 In 1946, Luce introduced a bill to create a Labor Department bureau to ensure women and minority workers equal pay for equal work.20

Republican leaders most valued Luce for her wit, sharp intellect, and ability to turn a phrase, especially when singling out Roosevelt’s policies for criticism. Party leaders selected Luce as the keynote speaker at the 1944 Republican National Convention in Chicago, the first woman so honored by either party. Her “G.I. Joe and G.I. Jim” speech largely consisted of her charge that Roosevelt had been duplicitous in handling foreign policy as war grew imminent in both Europe and Asia, and, through wartime mismanagement, had caused undue American fatalities.21 Aiming squarely at Roosevelt’s habit of making one–man diplomacy, Luce charged that American democracy was “becoming a dictatorial bumbledom.”22

Luce’s re–election bid in the fall of 1944 was buffeted by intraparty fighting, resulting in the abrupt resignation of her top backer, J. Kenneth Bradley, from his GOP state chairmanship.23 Luce survived the primary and entered the general election against a 29–year–old Democrat challenger—Deputy Secretary of State of Connecticut Margaret E. Connors.24 Connors attacked Luce as a late and opportunistic convert to the cause of a postwar international organization.25 Meanwhile, Luce intensified her rhetoric against President Roosevelt during a national speaking tour to support the GOP presidential candidate, Governor Thomas Dewey of New York. Luce declared FDR to be “the only American President who ever lied us into a war because he did not have the political courage to lead us into it,” arguing that Roosevelt had not halted the transport of vital strategic materials to imperial Japan soon enough as it waged war against China.26 She also insisted that from 1933 to 1939, as Hitler and Mussolini rose to power in Europe, FDR was “the world’s leading isolationist and appeaser” because he had failed to confront fascism more forcefully.27 Critics assailed her. Mary Norton, dean of Democratic women in the House, accused Luce of “complete ignorance” of the facts. Vice President Wallace dismissed her as a “sharp–tongued glamour girl of forty” who “when running around the country without a mental protector, ‘put her dainty foot in her pretty mouth.’”28 Connors portrayed Luce’s “lies” as proof of her core isolationist beliefs.29 Connors eventually carried industrial sections of the district by wide margins.30 In an election year when prominent isolationists such as Hamilton Fish of New York went down to defeat, the Democratic message that conflated Luce’s criticisms with isolationism proved potent. Luce barely edged Connors by 49.9 to 48.9 percent. A Socialist candidate polled 2,448 votes, a little more than Luce’s margin of victory.31

In early 1945, Representative Luce expressed grave concerns about Soviet foreign policy objectives, particularly in Eastern Europe. She traveled to liberated Europe and toured the Buchenwald concentration camp where Nazis had murdered thousands of Jews and Soviet war prisoners. As the German threat receded, Luce perceived a growing menace in Soviet communism. She argued that the Kremlin had “incorporated the Nazi technique of murder” and that Washington should halt the spread of communism in Europe.32 Returning to the United States, Luce authored a bill to acknowledge American “national responsibility” for the Yalta Agreements of February 1945. Hers was a particularly resonant attack on FDR’s compromise with Joseph Stalin over the division of postwar Europe. Recognizing the role the Soviet Army played in crushing German occupation forces in Eastern Europe, FDR had conceded Moscow’s sphere of influence in the region. Stalin, whose chief security interest was to prevent another German invasion through a weak Polish state, soon reneged on his promises for free elections and a coalition government in that country. Nevertheless, Luce and other critics described the accords as capitulation on the part of the FDR administration and as “a partition of Poland and overthrow of its friendly, recognized constitutional Government.”33 Her position played well in her district, home to a large Polish and Eastern European community.

Luce’s interest in political office, however, steadily eroded. In January 1944, her daughter, Ann, a student at Stanford University, died in an auto wreck.34 Friends noted that the tragedy sent Luce on a three–year search for closure and greatly diminished her enthusiasm for politics. In January 1946 she declined to run for re–election and retired in January 1947.35 She did not, however, drop out of politics. Luce addressed the 1948 Republican National Convention.36 In 1953, President Dwight Eisenhower appointed her U.S. Ambassador to Italy, making her the fifth woman to represent the United States in a foreign country and the first posted to a major European nation.37 She served until 1957, eventually arranging a conference that settled the disposition of Trieste, a city on the Adriatic Sea, claimed by both Italy and Yugoslavia. In 1959, she was confirmed overwhelmingly to become the U.S. Ambassador to Brazil. But, following a bitter public exchange with Senator Wayne Morse of Oregon that undermined her standing, she resigned her ambassadorship after just three days.38 The Luces settled in Honolulu, Hawaii, where Clare remained after Henry’s death in 1967. In 1983, she accepted a post on President Ronald Reagan’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board and received the Presidential Medal of Freedom as “a persistent and effective advocate of freedom, both at home and abroad.” After a long battle with cancer, Clare Boothe Luce died on October 9, 1987, in Washington, D.C. Upon her death, the Washington Post, which often stood at odds with Luce’s politics, eulogized her. “She raised early feminist hell. To the end she said things others wouldn’t dare to—cleverly and wickedly—and seemed only to enjoy the resulting fracas…Unlike so many of her fellow Washingtonians she was neither fearful nor ashamed of what she meant to say.”39

Footnotes

1The standard biography for the early years of Luce’s life and her transition from publishing to politics is Sylvia Jukes Morris, Rage for Fame: The Ascent of Clare Boothe Luce (New York: Random House, 1997). Quote is from Annabel Paxton, Women in Congress (Richmond, VA: Dietz Press, 1945): 86.

2Morris, Rage for Fame: 459–460; “Mrs. Luce Decides She Will Seek Nomination as Congress Candidate,” 1 September 1942, New York Times: 14.

3“Fight Is Pledged by Miss Kellems,” 5 September 1942, New York Times: 28; “G.O.P. ‘Tempest’ Over Mrs. Luce in Connecticut,” 5 September 1942, Christian Science Monitor: 4.

4James A. Hagerty, “Mrs. Luce Winner Over 6 Opponents,” 15 September 1942, New York Times: 25.

5Libby Lackman, “Mrs. Luce Caustic About Her Rival,” 19 September 1942, New York Times: 10; Morris, Rage for Fame: 469.

6“Dorothy Thompson Backs Clare Luce,” 24 October 1942, New York Times: 13.

7“Willkie Endorses Mrs. Luce in Race,” 3 November 1942, New York Times: 15.

8“Election Statistics, 1920 to Present,” http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/index.aspx.

9Milton Bracker, “Mrs. Luce Wins Race for House; Pledges Work for ‘Fighting War,’” 4 November 1942, New York Times: 1.

10Congressional Record, House, 78th Cong., 1st sess. (9 February 1943): 759–764; “American Air Rule Urged By Mrs. Luce,” 10 February 1943, New York Times: 27; “Spotlight Performance: Rep. Luce Urges U.S. to Plan for Postwar Air Supremacy,” 10 February 1943, Washington Post: 1.

11“Masaryk Rebukes Mrs. Luce,” 12 February 1943, New York Times: 8; Sydney M. Shalett, “Mrs. Luce in the Limelight Since Her Free–Air Speech,” 21 February 1943, New York Times: E10; “Clare Boothe Luce Upsets Capital with First Speech,” 11 February 1943, Los Angeles Times.

12“Lady Astor Gibes at ‘Globaloney,’” 13 February 1943, New York Times: 13.

13“Mrs. Luce Defines Freedom of the Air,” 25 February 1943, New York Times: 3.

14Congressional Record, House, 78th Cong., 1st sess. (24 June 1943): 6428–6434.

15Congressional Record, House, 79th Cong., 2nd sess. (17 July 1946): 9261–9271; quote on 9262.

16Congressional Record, House, 79th Cong., 2nd sess. (27 June 1946): 7763–7764.

17Congressional Record, House, 79th Cong., 1st sess. (19 December 1945): 12391–12392.

18“Mrs. Luce Presses Equal Rights Bill,” 23 February 1943, New York Times: 16; Congressional Record, House, 78th Cong., 1st sess. (22 April 1943): 3728.

19“Mrs. Luce Demands Heavy Tax on Rich,” 18 April 1943, New York Times: 40.

20Current Biography, 1953 (New York: H.W. Wilson and Company, 1953): 375–378; Congressional Record, House, 79th Cong., 2nd sess. (31 January 1946): A 378.

21Kathleen McLaughlin, “Mrs. Luce Assails ‘Bumbledom’ Trend,” 28 June 1944, New York Times: 15. Includes a transcript of the complete speech.

22“Luce Wit: Caustic Clare Can’t Resist a Wisecrack,” 30 April 1959, Washington Post: C1.

23“Party Rift Threat to Luce Candidacy,” 31 July 1944, New York Times: 1; “Mrs. Luce to Stand for Re–Election,” 1 August 1944, New York Times: 12; “Griswold Assails New Deal Policies,” 8 August 1944, New York Times: 30.

24“Rival Happy to Make Race,” 10 August 1944, New York Times: 13.

25“Offers Plan for Peace,” 7 October 1944, New York Times: 9.

26“Roosevelt ‘Lied Us Into War,’ Mrs. Luce Declares in Chicago,” 14 October 1944, New York Times: 9.

27“Mrs. Luce Attacks Chief ‘Isolationist,’” 15 October 1944, New York Times: 36; “Mrs. Luce Declares Reds Plot Against Labor and Democrats,” 17 October 1944, New York Times: 14.

28“Defeat of Mrs. Luce Is Urged by Wallace,” 3 November 1944, New York Times: 18; “Mrs. Luce Advised to Study Record,” 15 October 1944, New York Times: 36; “Calls Mrs. Luce Shallow,” 11 October 1944, New York Times: 22.

29“Woman Opponent Says Mrs. Luce ‘Lied’ in Accusing President of Falsehoods,” 16 October 1944, New York Times: 11; “Miss Connors Predicts Election by 5,000; Asks Mrs. Luce Some Questions in Telegram,” 1 November 1944, New York Times: 40.

30“Mrs. Luce is Re–elected,” 8 November 1944, New York Times: 2; “Fish Is Defeated; Clare Luce Wins,” 8 November 1944, New York Times: 1.

31“Election Statistics, 1920 to Present,” http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/index.aspx.

32“Mrs. Luce Likens Russians to Nazis,” 28 May 1945, New York Times: 5.

33“Asylum for Poles Urged by Mrs. Luce,” 20 February 1943, New York Times: 12.

34“Ann Brokaw Dies in Auto Collision,” 12 January 1944, New York Times: 25.

35“Mrs. Luce Decides Against House Race,” 31 January 1946, New York Times: 17; “Senate Attracts Mrs. Luce?” 28 January 1946, Christian Science Monitor: 4. Another reason for Luce’s decision not to run for re–election was the attention given her conversion to Catholicism in early 1946. Fearing that opponents would capitalize on her conversion, she told the press that, “Therefore, I have chosen to be unavailable by design or draft for elective office.” See, “Mrs. Luce Turns Roman Catholic,” 18 February 1946, Christian Science Monitor: 7.

36Bart Barnes, “Clare Boothe Luce, Renaissance Woman, Dies at 84,” 10 October 1987, Washington Post: C8.

37W.H. Lawrence, “Rome Envoy’s Post Seen for Mrs. Luce,” 24 January 1953, New York Times: 10; “Mrs. Luce Chosen as Envoy to Rome,” 8 February 1953, New York Times: 1; Edward F. Ryan, “Mrs. Luce Appointed Ambassador to Italy,” 8 February 1953, Washington Post: M1; “Eisenhower to Nominate Mrs. Luce to Rome Post,” 9 February 1953, Christian Science Monitor: 14.

38Russell Baker, “Mrs. Luce Wins in Senate; Husband Asks Her to Quit,” 29 April 1959, New York Times: 1; Edwin L. Dale, Jr., “Mrs. Luce Quits; Declares Morse ‘Poisoned’ Task,” 2 May 1959, New York Times: 1.

39“Clare Boothe Luce,” 11 October 1987, Washington Post: H6.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: ca. 1930-1987, 319 linear feet. The papers of Clare Boothe Luce include correspondence (1914-1987) particularly relating to politics, religion, and literary and artistic endeavors; secretarial file (1933-1987); literary file (1919-1987) containing business records, articles, essays, reviews, commentaries, journals, notebooks, memoirs, novels, short stories, plays, non-fiction, pamphlets, and proposals, together with notes, drafts, fragments, and other writings; congressional and ambassadorial correspondence and subject files; Booth (Booth) and Luce family and personal papers; speech files; scrapbooks (141 volumes); and other papers. The collection (dating chiefly from 1930 to 1987) documents Clare Boothe Luce's multifaceted career. Topics in the papers include diplomacy, intelligence service, international relations, national defense and security, public roles for women, and Luce's conversion to Roman Catholicism in 1946. A finding aid is available in the library and online.
Papers: In the Edwin Francis Brennan Papers, ca. 1927-1984, 9.6 linear feet. Correspondents include Clare Boothe Luce. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the Raymond Leslie Buell Papers, ca. 1915-1984, 20.4 linear feet. Correspondents include Clare Boothe Luce. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the Edward L. Bernays Papers, ca. 1777-1994, 160.2 linear feet. Correspondents include Clare Boothe Luce. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the Ray S. Cline Papers, ca. 1945-1994, 28.4 linear feet. Correspondents include Clare Boothe Luce. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the Russell Wheeler Davenport Papers, ca. 1899-1980, 40.8 linear feet. Correspondents include Clare Boothe Luce. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the Henry Robinson Luce Papers, ca. 1917-1967, 45 linear feet. Subjects include Clare Boothe Luce. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the Charles Habib Malik Papers, ca. 1888-1994, 114.8 linear feet. Correspondents include Clare Boothe Luce. A finding aid is available in the library.

Arizona State University
Special Collections, Hayden Library

Tempe, AZ
Papers: 1955-1966, 1 linear foot. The collection consists of Christmas cards from personal friends and prominent persons sent to Henry R. and Clare Boothe Luce, 1965-1966, and birthday cards and telegrams sent 1958-1965. Also included is a program and draft remarks made by Mrs. Luce at a banquet while serving as ambassador to Italy.

Columbia University
Oral History Project

New York, NY
Oral History: 1968, 108 pages. Topics discussed during the interview with Clare Boothe Luce include impressions of President Eisenhower, the 1952 campaign, the Foreign Service, Ambassador to Italy Trieste, the Ambassador to Brazil, the Republican Party; and John Foster Dulles.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1 letter (December 6, 1945) in the David Abrahamsen papers. Official correspondence. Finding aid in repository. Restricted.
Papers: In the Frank Altschul Papers, 1900-1981, 150 linear feet. Subject include Clare Boothe Luce.
Papers: In the J.O. Brown Collection, 1947, 2 letters The papers of J.O. Brown include 2 letters with Clare Boothe Luce (February 8, 1947; April 10, 1947). A finding aid is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Daniel Longwell Collection, 1936-1952, 14 letters and 12 photographs. The papers of Daniel Longwell include correspondence with and photographs of Clare Boothe Luce. A finding aid is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Geoffrey Parsons Papers, ca. 1919-1959, 4 linear feet. Subjects include Clare Boothe Luce.
Papers: 10 letters (1937-1941) in the Random House papers. Personal business. Finding aid in repository.
Papers: In the Samson Raphaelson Papers, 1916-1982, 19.5 linear feet. Subjects include Clare Boothe Luce.
Papers: In the Benjamin Stolberg Collection, 1944-1946, 3 letters. Subjects include Clare Boothe Luce. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Dwight D. Eisenhower Library

Abilene, KS
Oral History: 108 pages. Furnished by agreement with Columbia University.

Northwestern University Library
Special Collections Department

Evanston, IL
Papers: n.d., 14 items. Correspondence from Clare Boothe Luce.

Texas Tech University

Lubbock, TX
Papers: 1942, 1 page. A letter dated November 6, 1942, from Clare Boothe Luce, Greenwich, Connecticut [to] Private Bobbitt. In the letter, Clare Boothe Luce acknowledges the letter from Private Bobbitt and sends her thanks and best wishes to him. She refers to the war and says that everyone is doing their job so that it will end.

University of Iowa Libraries
Special Collections Department

Iowa City, IA
Papers: 1932-1933, 3 items. Correspondence from Clare Boothe Luce to Wayne Gard between 1932 and 1933. The letters cover: 1) The political climate, October 31, 1932; 2) Some articles by John Carter; concerning Conde Nast. November 21, 1932;. 3) A request of Wayne Gard to check the proofs of his Nicholas Murray Butler article, January 16, 1933.

University of Pennsylvania
Special Collections, Van Pelt Library

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1935, 1 item. Correspondence between Clare Boothe Luce and Theodore Dreiser, 1935.
Papers: 1940-1941, 2 items. Correspondence between Clare Boothe Luce and Lewis Mumford, 1940-1941.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

"Clare Boothe Luce" in Women in Congress, 1917-2006. Prepared under the direction of the Committee on House Administration by the Office of History & Preservation, U.S. House of Representatives. Washington: Government Printing Office, 2006.

Eyre, David W. Clare: The Honolulu Years. Honolulu, HI: Mutual Publishing, 2007.

Hatch, Alden. Ambassador Extraordinary: Clare Boothe Luce. New York: Holt, 1956.

Luce, Clare Boothe. American Diplomacy at Work: An Address, by The Honorable Clare Boothe Luce, Severance Hall, Cleveland, Ohio, March 23, 1955. [Cleveland?: Council on World Affairs?, 1955?]

___. American Morality and Nuclear Diplomacy: An Address, by Clare Boothe Luce. [Chambersburg, Pa.: Wilson College, 1961].

___. Is Communism Compatible with Christianity? New York: Catholic Information Society, [199-?]

___. Europe in the Spring. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1940.

___. Kiss the Boys Good-bye; A Comedy. New York: Random House, 1939.

___. Little Rock and the Muscovite Moon: Challenges to America's Leadership: An Address. Stamford, Conn.: Overbrook Press, 1957.

___. The Long Snorkel. [New York]: C.B. Luce, [1957?]

___. Margin for Error; A Satirical Melodrama. New York: Random House, 1940.

___. The Mystery of American Policy in China. An Address at testimonial dinner honoring the Most Reverend Paul YuPin, D.D., Archbishop of Nanking, New York, New York, June 14, 1949. New York: Plain Talk, 1949.

___. Saints for Now. New York: Sheed & Ward, 1952.

___. Saving the White Man's Soul. Huntington, Ind.: Our Sunday Visitor Press, [1949?]

___. Slam the Door Softly; A Play in One Act. New York: Dramatists Play Service, 1971.

___. Stuffed Shirts. New York: H. Liveright, Inc., 1931. Reprint, Freeport, N.Y.: Books for Libraries Press, 1971.

___. The Twilight of God. Chicago: H. Regnery Company, 1949.

___. The Women. New York: Random House, [1937].

___. The Women: Play in Three Acts. New York: Random House, 1937. Reprint, New York: Dramatists Play Service, [196-].

___. The Women, Play in Two Acts. [New York]: Dramatists Play Service, [1966].

___., ed. Saints For Now. New York: Sheed and Ward, 1952.

Lyons, Joseph. Clare Boothe Luce. New York: Chelsea House, 1989.

Martin, Ralph G. Henry and Clare: An Intimate Portrait of the Luces. New York: Putnam's Sons, 1991.

McKee, Mary J. "Congresswoman Clare Boothe Luce: Her Rhetoric Against Communism." Ph.D. diss., University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, 1962.

Morris, Sylvia Jukes. Rage for Fame: The Ascent of Clare Booth Luce. New York: Random House, Inc., 1997.

Shadegg, Stephen C. Clare Boothe Luce; A Biography. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1970.

Sheed, Wilfred. Clare Boothe Luce. New York: E.P. Dutton, 1982.

Willis, Ronald Gary. "The Persuasion of Clare Boothe Luce." Ph.D. diss., Indiana University, 1993.

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Committee Assignments

  • House Committee - Military Affairs
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