HAYDEN, Carl Trumbull



HAYDEN, Carl Trumbull, a Representative and a Senator from Arizona; born in Hayden's Ferry (now Tempe), Maricopa County, Ariz., October 2, 1877; attended the public schools; graduated from the Normal School of Arizona at Tempe in 1896; attended Leland Stanford Junior University, California 1896-1900; engaged in mercantile pursuits and in the flour-milling business at Tempe 1900-1904; member, Tempe Town Council 1902-1904; treasurer of Maricopa County 1904-1906; sheriff of Maricopa County 1907-1912; upon the admission of Arizona as a State into the Union was elected as a Democrat to the Sixty-second Congress; reelected to the seven succeeding Congresses and served from February 19, 1912, to March 3, 1927; did not seek renomination, having become a candidate for United States Senator; during the First World War was commissioned a major of Infantry in the United States Army; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1926 for the term commencing March 4, 1927; reelected in 1932, 1938, 1944, 1950, 1956, and again in 1962 for the term ending January 3, 1969; was not a candidate in 1968 for reelection to the United States Senate; served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Eighty-fifth through the Ninetieth Congresses; chairman, Committee on Printing (Seventy-third through Seventy-ninth Congresses), Committee on Rules and Administration (Eighty-first and Eighty-second Congresses), co-chairman, Joint Committee on Printing (Eighty-first and Eighty-second, and Eighty-fourth through Ninetieth Congresses), co-chairman, Joint Committee on Inaugural Arrangements (Eightieth and Eighty-second Congresses), chairman, Committee on Appropriations (Eighty-fourth through Ninetieth Congresses); his record for fifty-six consecutive years of service in the Congress, including an unprecedented forty-two in the Senate, was unsurpassed at the time of his retirement; retired and resided in Tempe, Ariz.; died in Mesa, Ariz., January 25, 1972; cremated; ashes interred in family plot at Tempe Butte Cemetery, Tempe, Ariz.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Arizona Historical Society

Tucson, AZ
Papers: 1800-1961. 40,000 items. Includes correspondence with the society, biographical material on pioneers, accounts extracted from books and newspapers, reminiscences, and genealogies.
Additional Papers: Miscellaneous letters in various collections including the Becker family papers, 1888-1959; Benjamin Julius McKinney papers, 1863-1964; Thomas Maddock papers, 1917-1965; Mansfeld family papers, 1864-1965; Martin family papers, 1908-1968; William Rankin Mathews papers, 1931-1968; Grace Sparks papers, 1911-1960; and Yavapai Associates records, 1941-1945.

Arizona State University
Hayden Library

Tempe, AZ
Papers: 1851-1979 (bulk 1940-1968). 844 linear feet. Personal and political correspondence, newsclippings, speeches, legislation, printed matter, photographs, and memorabilia, chiefly from House and Senate service. Topics include Central Arizona project, Great Depression, highway planning and construction, immigration, mining, national parks, Native American issues, natural resources, water projects, and World War II. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence and papers in Hayden family papers, 1844-1912. 12 linear feet. Consists of personal, political and business correspondence of Hayden, his wife, children and relatives.
Oral History: 1968, 37 pages; 1950; and 1977.

Herbert Hoover Library

West Branch, IA
Papers: Correspondence in Delph E. Carpenter papers, 1922-1945. Finding aid.

Lyndon Baines Johnson Library

Austin, TX
Papers: In transcripts and audio recordings of telephone conversations held by Lyndon Johnson, 1 September - 31 October 1964. Finding aid.
Oral History: October 28, 1968. 37 pages.

Northern Arizona University Library

Flagstaff, AZ
Papers: Correspondence in Arizona Cattle Breeders Association records, 1965.

U.S. Senate
Historical Office

Washington, DC
Oral History: Discussed in interviews (April 27-August 21, 1990) with Roy L. Elson, administrative assistant to Senator Carl Hayden and candidate for the U.S. Senate, 324 pages; and in interviews (December 1976-April 1978) with Darrell St. Claire, assistant secretary of the Senate, 248 pages.

University of California, Berkeley
Bancroft Library

Berkeley, CA
Papers: Correspondence in Walter Clay Lowdermilk papers, 1912-1969.
Oral History: Discussed in interview with Walter Clay Lowdermilk, with foreword by Hayden (1967-1968), 704 leaves.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Taggart family papers, 1860-1960; Margaret Bayne Price papers, 1918-1969; Louis Convers Cramton papers, 1896-1966; and Association of Universities for Research Astronomy records, 1953-1974. Finding aid.

University of Oklahoma
Carl Albert Center Congressional Archives

Norman, OK
Papers: In Southwestern Oklahoma Survival Association records, 1957-1959.

University of Wyoming
American Heritage Center

Laramie, WY
Papers: Correspondence in William Warne papers, 1930-1974. Finding aid.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

August, Jack L., Jr. "Carl Hayden, Arizona, and the Politics of Water Development in the Southwest, 1923-1928." Pacific Historical Review 58 (May 1989): 195-216.

___. "Carl Hayden: Born a Politician." Journal of Arizona History 26 (Summer 1985): 117-44.

___. "Carl Hayden and the Politics of Water in the Southwest, 1877-1932." Ph.D. dissertation, University of New Mexico, 1985.

___. "Old Arizona and the New Conservative Agenda: The Hayden Versus Mecham U.S. Senate Campaign of 1962." The Journal of Arizona History 41 (Winter 2000): 385-412.

___. "'A Sterling Young Democrat': Carl Hayden's Road to Congress, 1900-1912." Journal of Arizona History 28 (Autumn 1987): 217-42.

___. Vision in the Desert: Carl Hayden and Hydropolitics in the American Southwest. Fort Worth: Texas Christian University Press, 1998.

Colley, Charles C. "Carl T. Hayden--Phoenician." Journal of Arizona History 18 (Autumn 1977): 247-57.

___. "The Papers of Carl T. Hayden: Arizona's 'Silent Senator' on Record." Journal of the West 14 (October 1975): 5-14.

___. "The Papers of Senator Carl T. Hayden of Arizona." Manuscripts 28 (Fall 1976): 272-83.

Elson, Roy. "Orchestrating Senator Carl Hayden's Last Campaign." The Journal of Arizona History 41 (Winter 2000): 413-424.

Hayden, Carl Trumbull. Charles Trumbull Hayden, Pioneer. Tucson: Arizona Historical Society, 1972.

Mandel, Paul. "Carl Trumbull Hayden: Arizona's First Congressman, 1912-1926." Master's thesis, Arizona State University, 1980.

Rice, Ross R. Carl Hayden: Builder of the American West. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1994.

U.S. Congress. Memorial Addresses and Other Tributes in the Congress of the United States on the Life and Contributions of Carl T. Hayden. 92d Cong., 2d sess., 1972. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1972.

U.S. Congress. Tributes to Honorable Carl Hayden, Senator from Arizona, to Commemorate the Occasion of His Fiftieth Anniversary of Congressional Service, February 19, 1962, Delivered in the United States Senate and the House of Representatives. 87th Cong., 2d sess., 1962. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1962.

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