GARNER, John Nance

GARNER, John Nance
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
1868–1967

Biography

GARNER, John Nance, a Representative from Texas and a Vice President of the United States; born near Detroit, Red River County, Tex., November 22, 1868; had limited educational advantages; studied law, admitted to the bar in 1890, and commenced practice in Uvalde, Uvalde County, Tex.; judge of Uvalde County, Tex., 1893-1896; member, State house of representatives 1898-1902; elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-eighth and to the fourteen succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1903-March 3, 1933); served as minority floor leader (Seventy-first Congress) and as Speaker of the House of Representatives (Seventy-second Congress); reelected to the Seventy-third Congress on November 8, 1932, and on the same day was elected Vice President of the United States on the ticket headed by Franklin D. Roosevelt; reelected Vice President in 1936 and served in that office from March 4, 1933, to January 20, 1941; retired to private life and resided in Uvalde, Tex., until his death there on November 7, 1967; interment in Uvalde Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

The University of Texas at Austin
The Center for American History

Austin, TX
Papers: 1913-1940, 6 feet. The papers include correspondence, genealogical information on the Garner family, degrees, scrapbooks, newspapers clippings, and photographs. A finding aid for the papers is available in the repository.

Alabama Department of Archives and History

Montgomery, AL
Papers: William B. Bankhead Papers, ca. 1875-1952, 33 cubic feet. Correspondents include John Nance Garner. Series descriptions and a container listing for the collection are available in the repository.

Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library

San Antonio, TX
Papers: Appointment Diaries, 1935-1939, 1 box. The appointment diaries of John Nance Garner include the names of those who met with him when he served as vice president in 1935 and 1939.

Duke University
Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections

Durham, NC
Papers: In the Daniel C. Roper Papers, Alphabetical Series, ca. 1927-1943, 39 linear feet. Correspondents include John Nance Garner. An inventory is available in the repository.

Herbert Hoover Presidential Library

West Branch, IA
Papers: In the James H. MacLafferty Papers, 1922-1942, 1 linear foot. Subjects covered in the correspondence include John Nance Garner.

Indiana Historical Society

Indianapolis, IN
Papers: In the Robert Hunter Papers, 1923-1948, 1 box. Correspondents include John Nance Garner. A finding aid for the collection is available in the repository.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the James Aloysius Farley Papers, ca. 1790-1976, 70.4 linear feet. Correspondents include John Nance Garner. A finding aid for the papers is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Marquis James Papers, ca. 1914-1955, 48 containers. Correspondents include John Nance Garner. A finding aid for the papers is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Lewis B. Schwellenbach Papers, ca. 1916-1958, 5 linear feet. Correspondents include John Nance Garner. A finding aid for the papers is available in the repository.

The New York Public Library
Manuscripts & Archives Section

New York, NY
Papers: In the Anthony Jerome Griffin Papers, ca. 1883-1935, 14 linear feet. Other authors include John Nance Garner. A finding aid for the collection is available in the repository.

Franklin D. Roosevelt Library

Hyde Park, NY
Papers: In the Henry Morgenthau Papers, ca. 1866-1953, 510 linear feet. Correspondents include John N. Garner. Series descriptions and folder lists for the collection are available in the repository.

Syracuse University Library
Special Collections Research Center

Syracuse, NY
Papers: In the Karl Kae Knecht Papers, 1906-1966, 0.5 linear foot. Correspondents include John Nance Garner.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: In the Prentiss Marsh Brown Papers, 1902-1973, 28 linear feet. Other authors include John Nance Garner. A finding aid for the collection is available in the repository and online.
Papers: In the Eleanor M. Bumgardner Papers, 1919-1967, 8.2 linear feet and 9 volumes. Correspondents include John Nance Garner.
Papers: In the Frank Murphy Papers, 1908-1949, 106 linear feet, 39 volumes, and 2 oversize folders. Other authors include John Nance Garner.
Papers: In the George Murphy Papers, 1911-1961, 15 linear feet and 1 volume. Other authors include John Nance Garner.

University of Virginia Library
Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: In the Homer S. Cummings Papers, 1886-1956, approximately 124,000 items. Other authors include John Nance Garner. A guide for the papers is available in the repository.

University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh Area Research Center

Oshkosh, WI
Papers: In the Henry Krueger Papers, 1908-1952, 0.2 cubic foot. The papers include a speech and some correspondence pertaining to Henry Krueger's support for John Nance Garner in 1940. This collection is owned by the Wisconsin Historical Society, Archives Division, Madison, WI.

Victoria and Albert Museum
National Art Library

London, England
Papers: In the Homer S. Cummings Papers, 1886-1956, approximately 124,000 items. Other authors include John Nance Garner.

Wisconsin Historical Society
Archives Division

Madison, WI
Papers: In the James A. Frear Papers, ca. 1906-1940, 1.4 cubic feet. Correspondents include John N. Garner. A shelf list for the collection is available in the repository.

Yale University Library
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: In the Harry Weinberger Papers, 1915-1944, 21.5 linear feet. Subjects covered in the papers include John Nance Garner. An unpublished finding aid for the papers is available in the repository.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Barr, Alwyn. "John Nance Garner's First Campaign for Congress." West Texas Historical Association. Yearbook 48 (1972): 105-10.

Brown, George R. "Garnering Votes for 'Cactus Jack': John Nance Garner, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and the 1932 Democratic Nomination for President." Southwestern Historical Quarterly 104 (October 2000): 148-88.

------. The Leadership of Congress. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1922.

------. The Speaker: The Romantic Story of John N. Garner. New York: Putnam's, 1932.

Fisher, O. C. Cactus Jack. Waco, Tex.: Texian Press, 1978.

James, Marquis. Mr. Garner of Texas. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1939.

Patenaude, Lionel V. "John Nance Garner," Profiles in Power: Twentieth-Century Texans in Washington, ed. by Kenneth E. Hendrickson, Jr., and Michael L. Collins. Arlington Heights, Ill.: Harlan Davidson, Inc., 1993: 43-59.

------. "Garner, Sumners, and Connally: The Defeat of the Roosevelt Court Bill in 1937," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 74 (July 1970): 36-51.

Romano, Michael J. "The Emergence of John Nance Garner as a Figure in American National Politics, 1924-941." Ph.D. diss., St. John's University, 1974.

Schwarz, Jordan A. "John Nance Garner and the Sales Tax Rebellion of 1932." Journal of Southern History (May 1964): 162-80.

Texas Memorial Museum. John Nance Garner Cartoons. Presented by Vice President and Mrs. Garner, of Uvalde, Texas, to Texas Memorial Museum. Austin: N.p., 1958.

Timmons, Bascom N. Garner of Texas: A Personal History. New York: Harper, 1948.

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