DUVALL, Gabriel

1752–1844

Biography

DUVALL, Gabriel, a Representative from Maryland; born in Prince George's County, Md., December 6, 1752; completed preparatory studies; studied law; was admitted to the bar and practiced; member of the Governor's council in 1783 and 1784; elected as an Anti-Administration candidate to the Third Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John F. Mercer; reelected as a Republican to the Fourth Congress and served from November 11, 1794, to March 28, 1796, when he resigned; appointed chief justice of the general court of Maryland on April 2, 1796, and resigned in 1802; appointed First Comptroller of the Treasury December 15, 1802, and served until his resignation November 18, 1811; elected judge of the court of appeals of Maryland on January 16, 1806, but declined to serve; appointed by President James Madison on November 15, 1811, an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States and served until his resignation on January 15, 1835, because of deafness; died near Glenn Dale, in Prince George's County, Md., on March 6, 1844; interment in the Marcus Duvall estate "Wigwam" family burial ground near Glenn Dale, Md.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1780-1920, 180 items. Correspondence, financial and legal papers, genealogical material concerning the Duvall family, and other papers. Correspondents include Thomas Jefferson, James Monroe, and John Marshall.

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 1 letter.

Bryn Mawr College Library
The Adelman Collection

Bryn Mawr, PA
Papers: 1803, 1 item. A letter from Gabriel Duvall to Tench Coxe written on August 20, 1803. In the letter, Gabriel Duvall acknowledges receipt of Coxe's "Oath as Purveyor of Public Supplies, to support the constitution of the United States."

Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society
Archives

Buffalo, NY
Papers: In the Callender Irvine Letters and Appointments, 1802-1803, 6 items. A letter from Gabriel Duvall, 17 Sept. 1803, enclosing Callender Irvine's oath and bond for his position as surveyor of customs for the port of Buffalo.

Copley Press
J.S. Copley Library

La Jolla, CA
Papers: 1777, 1 page. A resolution from Gabriel Duvall in the General Assembly of Maryland written on April 1, 1777. The resolution prohibits cargo from leaving Maryland that is intended for Great Britain.

Library Company of Philadelphia

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In the John Smith Papers, 1802-1819, 0.42 linear foot. Other authors include Gabriel Duvall.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: July 27 and August 30, 1804; June 29, 1809. 3 letters. Official correspondence. Finding aid in repository.

Rosenbach Museum & Library

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1808, 1 item. A letter from Gabriel Duvall to Jedediah Huntington written on February 22, 1808. In the letter, Gabriel Duvall writes in reply to a query from the customs collector at New London, Duvall explains that goods coming from a Danish town in India and shipped out of Calcutta are not subject to a law prohibiting the import of goods manufactured in Great Britain or its colonies merely because they were shipped from a colonial port.
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