DOUGLAS, Lewis Williams

DOUGLAS, Lewis Williams
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
1894–1974

Biography

DOUGLAS, Lewis Williams, a Representative from Arizona; born in Bisbee, Cochise County, Ariz., July 2, 1894; attended the public schools and Montclair (N.J.) Academy; was graduated from Amherst (Mass.) College in 1916; attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1916; commissioned as a second lieutenant on August 15, 1917, and assigned to the Three Hundred and Forty-seventh Regiment, Field Artillery; promoted to first lieutenant and served overseas as assistant, G-3 staff, Ninety-first Division, until discharged on February 18, 1919; instructor of history at Amherst College in 1920; engaged in mining and general business; member of the Arizona State house of representatives 1923-1925; elected as a Democrat to the Seventieth Congress; reelected to the three succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1927, until his resignation March 4, 1933, before the commencement of the Seventy-third Congress; appointed Director of the Budget by President Franklin D. Roosevelt; took the oath of office on March 7, 1933, and served until August 31, 1934, when he resigned; vice president and member of the board of a chemical company 1934-1938; principal and vice chancellor of McGill University, Montreal, Canada, from January 1938 to December 1939; president of an insurance company from 1940-1947, and chairman of the board on leave of absence, 1947-1959; deputy administrator of the War Shipping Administration from May 1942 to March 1944; United States Ambassador to Great Britain 1947-1950; director, General Motors Corporation, 1944-1965; chairman and director, Southern Arizona Bank & Trust Company, 1949-1966; appointed by the President to head Government Study of Foreign Economic Problems, 1953; member, President's Task Force on American Indians, 1966-1967; died in Tucson, Ariz., March 7, 1974; cremated.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

University of Arizona Library
Special Collections

Tucson, AZ
Papers: ca. 1859-1974, 237 feet. The papers of Lewis W. Douglas contain correspondence, congressional bills, speeches, articles, financial records, clippings, diaries, reminiscenses, photographs of family members from 1897 to 1964, wills, and estate records relating to Lewis's family and his extensive activities in politics and government. Also includes material from his work with the Winston Churchill Foundation, 1958-1974; Mutual Life Insurance Company, 1940-1959; University of Arizona Institute of Atmospheric Physics, 1951-1972; and Southern Arizona Bank, 1949-1974. Also present is material on his investments in oil and mining companies, particularly the Copper Creek Consolidated Mining Company. Related to Arizona are his congressional work on copper tariffs, Colorado River water rights, and Indian issues; as well as committee work with many Arizona organizations concerning issues such as the Salt River Project, University of Arizona Medical School study, air pollution and smelter smoke, and a proposed Arizona nuclear site. Additional materials of his father and grandfather consist of family correspondence and records, and papers relating to mining technology and mining companies, especially Phelps Dodge Corp., 1863-1915. Correspondents of all three Douglases include many well-known figures in politics, mining, and world affairs. An inventory is available in the repository.

Arizona Historical Society

Tucson, AZ
Oral History: 1973, 1 cassette. A sound recording of and oral history interview of Lewis W. Douglas by James McNulty conducted on April 7, 1973. In the interview, Lewis Douglas discusses his family's experiences in mining and the history of the Copper Queen Consolidated Mining Company.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the David E. Finley Papers, 1921-1977, approximately 31,000 items. Correspondents include Lewis W. Douglas. A finding aid is available in the library.

University of Pennsylvania
Special Collections Department, Van Pelt Library

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1940, 1 item. A letter from James Bryant Conant to Lewis Mumford written in 1940. The letter consists of a telegram sent to Lewis Mumford jointly by James Conant and Lewis Douglas, asking for Lewis Mumford's signature on a letter being sent to the President of the United States. The text of the letter is included in the telegram.
Papers: In the Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies Correspondence, 1940-1941, from Lewis and Sophia Mumford, 17 items. Other authors include Lewis W. Douglas.

University of Texas at Austin
Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center

Austin, TX
Papers: In the Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Records - Series I, General Correspondence, ca. 1922-1977, 208 linear feet. Other authors include Lewis W. Douglas. An unpublished finding aid is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Records - Series II, Alfred A. Knopf Personal, ca. 1874-1984, 77 linear feet. Other authors include Lewis W. Douglas. An unpublished finding aid is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Records - Series V, Editor Files, ca. 1873-1984, 82.5 linear feet. Other authors include Lewis W. Douglas. An unpublished finding aid is available in the repository.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Browder, Robert Paul, and Thomas G. Smith. Independent: A Biography of Lewis W. Douglas. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1986.

Smith, Thomas G., "From the Heart of the American Desert to the Court of St. James's: The Public Career of Lewis W. Douglas of Arizona, 1894-1974." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Connecticut, 1977.

_____. "Lewis Douglas, Arizona Politics and the Colorado River Controversy." Arizona and the West 22 (Summer 1980): 125-62.

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