DIES, Martin, Jr.

DIES, Martin, Jr.
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
1900–1972

Biography

DIES, Martin, Jr., (son of Martin Dies), a Representative from Texas; born in Colorado, Mitchell County, Tex., November 5, 1900; moved with his parents to East, Tex., in 1902; attended the public schools, Wesley College, Greenville, Tex., and Cluster Springs Academy, Cluster Springs, Va.; was graduated from the law department of National University, Washington, D.C. (now George Washington University), LL.B., 1920; admitted to the bar in 1920 and commenced practice in Marshall, Tex.; moved to Orange, Tex., in 1922 and continued the practice of law; also interested in ranching and agricultural pursuits at Jasper, Tex.; member of the faculty of East Texas Law School, Beaumont, Tex., in 1930; district judge; elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-second and to the six succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1931-January 3, 1945); chairman, Special Committee to Investigate Un-American Activities (Seventy-fifth through Seventy-eighth Congresses); did not seek renomination in 1944 to the Seventy-ninth Congress; elected to the Eighty-third and to the two succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1953-January 3, 1959); did not seek renomination in 1958 to the Eighty-sixth Congress; while a Member of Congress in 1941 and 1957 was defeated for the nomination to fill a vacancy in the United States Senate; resumed the practice of law; died November 14, 1972, in Lufkin, Tex.; entombment in Garden of Memories Mausoleum.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

North Texas State University
Texas Political History Oral History Project

Denton, TX
Oral History: 1966, 64 pages. The interview with Martin Dies, conducted by A. Ray Stephens, includes discussion on political campaigns in East Texas in the 1920s, his election to the U.S. House of Representatives (1930) and service on the House Rules Committee and as chairman of the Committee on Un-American Activities, his views on communism, and his comments about John Nance Garner, Sam Rayburn, Franklin Roosevelt, Huey Long, and Joseph McCarthy.

Texas State Library and Archives Commission
Sam Houston Center

Austin, TX
Papers: 1910-1972, 63.5 cubic feet. The Martin Dies Collection is primarily composed of materials generated from 1930 to 1958. It is arranged in three series that reflect his political career as a Member of the U.S. House of Representatives, papers from the interim years, between his congressional service, and papers from his years as Congressman-at-Large. While documents comprise the greatest volume of the collection, there are scrapbooks, sound recordings, artifacts, publications, and photographs as well. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Alexander, Albert. "The President and The Investigator: Roosevelt and Dies." Antioch Review 15 (March 1955): 106-17.

Dies, Martin. Martin Dies' Story. New York: Bookmailer, 1963.

------. The Trojan Horse in America. New York: Dodd Mead and Co., 1940.

Gellermann, William. Martin Dies. 1944. Reprint. New York: DaCapo Press, 1972.

Goodman, Walter. The Committee; The Extraordinary Career of the House Committee on Un-American Activities. Foreword by Richard H. Rovere. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1968.

Heineman, Kenneth. "Media Bias in Coverage of the Dies Committee on Un-American Activities, 1938-1940." Historian 55 (Autumn 1992): 37-52.

McDaniel, Dennis K. "The C.I.O. Political Action Committee and Congressman Martin Dies' Departure from Congress: Labor's Inflated Claims." East Texas Historical Journal 32 (Fall 1993): 48-56.

------. "Martin Dies of Un-American Activities: His Life and Times." Ph.D. diss., University of Houston, 1988.

Morgan, Ted. Reds: McCarthyism in Twentieth-Century America. New York: Random House, 2003.

National Federation for Constitutional Liberties. Investigate Martin Dies! New York and Washington: n.p., 1942.

Ogden, August Raymond. The Dies Committee. Washington: The Catholic University of America Press, 1945.

O'Reilly, Kenneth. "The Roosevelt Administration and Legislative-Executive Conflict: The FBI vs. The Dies Committee." Congress and the Presidency 10 (Spring 1983): 79-93.

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