DAYTON, Jonathan

DAYTON, Jonathan
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
1760–1824

Biography

DAYTON, Jonathan, (son of Elias Dayton), a Delegate, a Representative, and a Senator from New Jersey; born in Elizabethtown (now Elizabeth), N.J., October 16, 1760; graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1776; studied law; admitted to the bar; during the Revolutionary War served in the Third and later the Second New Jersey Regiment of the Continental Army 1776-1783, attaining the rank of captain; taken prisoner at Elizabethtown, N.J., and later exchanged; member, State general assembly 1786-1787, 1790, and served as speaker in 1790; delegate to the Federal Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787 and one of the signers of the Constitution; Delegate to the Continental Congress 1787-1788; member, State council 1790; elected to the Second and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1791-March 3, 1799); Speaker of the House of Representatives (Fourth and Fifth Congresses); chairman, Committee on Elections (Third Congress); was not a candidate for renomination in 1798, having become a candidate for the United States Senate; elected as a Federalist to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1799, to March 3, 1805; was arrested in 1807 on the charge of conspiring with Aaron Burr in treasonable projects; subsequently released and never brought to trial; member, New Jersey assembly 1814-1815; died in Elizabethtown, N.J., October 9, 1824; interment in a vault in St. John's Churchyard; the city of Dayton, Ohio, was named for him.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 2 items.

Cincinnati Historical Society

Cincinnati, OH
Papers: 2 items (1806, 1807) on land matters and the Burr conspiracy in the Jacob Burnet papers; 17 items (1789-1809) on surveying in the John Stiles Gano papers; and correspondence in the John C. Symmes papers, Dayton's associate in land speculation.

Cornell University Libraries
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections

Ithaca, NY
Papers: 1 letter (February 26, 1805) from Aaron Ogden in Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume X, Miscellany, 1764-1805; and 1 letter (July 8, 1807) from Governeur Morris in Volume XII, Miscellany, 1769-1838.

Glassboro State College
Savitz Library

Glassboro, NJ
Papers: 1 letter (November 5, 1803) from Aaron Ogden concerning a "power of attorney"; and 1 letter (July 2, 1799) from Franklin Davenport concerning a recommendation for Dr. Chamney.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1 Letter (17 Oct. 1808) from James Ross to Dayton relating to the future of the Federalists, and a typewritten transcript.

New Jersey Historical Society

Newark, NJ
Papers: 1789-1821. 67 items. Chiefly letters received.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: 1788-1824. 20 items.

Ohio Historical Society

Columbus, OH
Papers: 52 letters from Dayton in the Joseph Vance papers, 1797-1815.

Pierpont Morgan Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1792-1808. 5 items.

Princeton University
Seeley G. Mudd Library

Princeton, NJ
Papers: In Dayton family papers, 1734-1868. 45 items. Includes correspondence and documents, primarily of Revolutionary period.

Rutgers University Libraries
Special Collections and University Archives

New Brunswick, NJ
Papers: 1788-1819. 23 items. Letter to Alexander Hamilton and letters received from Joseph Bloomfield, Elias Boudinot, David Brearley, and others.
Additional Papers: Correspondence (1801) in William Patterson papers, 1766-1898; Aaron Ogden papers, 1783-1833; Silas Ward papers, 1810-1841 (bulk 1810-1825); and Gibbons family papers, 1767-1897.

University of Michigan
William L. Clements Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: 1780-1824. 1.5 linear feet. Includes 55 letters from and 316 letters to Dayton, receipts, contracts, deeds, and material relating to Dayton's involvement in the Burr controversy.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Miscellaneous Dayton-Burr items.

Virginia State Library and Archives

Richmond, VA
Papers: Correspondence in Tucker-Ewell papers, 1770-1893.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: Correspondence in Colonel John Brown and Major General Preston Brown papers, 1763-1865; and Southard Hay autograph collection, 1750-1885.
Research Libraries Information Network In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; New York State Library, Albany, NY; Rosenbach Museum and Library, Philadelphia, PA; and University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Bond, Beverley W., Jr., ed. The Correspondence of John Cleves Symmes. New York: Macmillan Co., 1926. Includes correspondence with Jonathan Dayton, 1788-1796.

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