COX, Samuel Sullivan

COX, Samuel Sullivan
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
1824–1889

Biography

COX, Samuel Sullivan, a Representative from Ohio and from New York; born in Zanesville, Muskingum County, Ohio, September 30, 1824; attended the Ohio University, Athens, Ohio; graduated from Brown University, Providence, R.I., 1846; studied law; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Zanesville, Ohio, 1849; owner and editor of the Columbus (Ohio) Statesman in 1853 and 1854; secretary of the legation at Lima, Peru, in 1855; delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 1864 and 1868; elected as a Democrat from Ohio to the Thirty-fifth and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1857-March 3, 1865); chair, Committee on Revolutionary Claims (Thirty-fifth Congress); unsuccessful candidate for reelection to the Thirty-ninth Congress in 1864; moved to New York City on March 4, 1865, and resumed the practice of law; elected from New York to the Forty-first and Forty-second Congresses (March 4, 1869-March 3, 1873); unsuccessful candidate of the Democrats and Liberal Republicans for reelection in 1872 as Representative at large to the Forty-third Congress; subsequently elected to the Forty-third Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of United States Representative James Brooks; reelected to the Forty-fourth and to the five succeeding Congresses until his resignation on May 20, 1885 (November 4, 1873-May 20, 1885); chair, Committee on Banking and Currency (Forty-fourth Congress), Committee on the Census (Forty-sixth Congress), Committee on Foreign Affairs (Forty-sixth Congress), Committee on Naval Affairs (Forty-eighth Congress); appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Turkey by President Cleveland, May 21, 1885-October 22, 1886; was again elected to the Forty-ninth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of United States Representative Joseph Pulitzer; reelected to the Fiftieth and Fifty-first Congresses (November 2, 1886-September 10, 1889); died on September 10, 1889, in New York City; interment in Greenwood Cemetery, Brooklyn, N.Y.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Brown University
Special Collections, John Hay Library

Providence, RI
Papers: 1852-1902, 956 items. The papers of Samuel Sullivan chiefly contain political correspondence, 1861-1863 and 1883-1886. An inventory is available in the repository.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1878, 1 item. Letter of Samuel Sullivan Cox, 1878.
Papers: In the Grosvenor Family Papers, ca. 1827-1981, 76.6 linear feet. Correspondents include Samuel Sullivan Cox. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the Thomas F. Bayard Papers, ca. 1780-1899, 49.6 linear feet. Correspondents include Samuel Sullivan Cox. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the James Gillespie Blaine Family Papers, ca. 1777-1945, 20 linear feet. Correspondents include Samuel Sullivan Cox. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the Edmund Burke Papers, 1821-1881, 400 items. Correspondents include Samuel S. Cox.
Papers: In the Andrew Johnson Papers, 1814-1947, 67 linear feet. Correspondents include Samuel Sullivan Cox. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the John Lowe Papers, ca. 1860-1945, 2 linear feet. Correspondents include Samuel S. Cox. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the Manton Marble Papers, 1838-1916, 20.8 linear feet. Correspondents include Samuel Sullivan Cox. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the George Brinton McClellan Papers, ca. 1823-1898, approximately 33,000 items. Correspondents include Samuel S. Cox. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the Hugh McCulloch Papers, ca. 1855-1905, 2 linear feet. Correspondents include Samuel Sullivan Cox.
Papers: In the Gideon Welles Papers, ca. 1777-1911, 18 linear feet. Correspondents include Samuel Sullivan Cox. A finding aid is available in the library.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: 1875-1889. 9 items.

Ohio Historical Society

Columbus, OH
Microfilm: 1824-1889, 3 reels. Miscellaneous papers, chiefly correspondence dealing with Cox's role in politics, especially his legislative service. Original papers are housed at Brown University.
Papers: 1848, 22 items. Letters from Samuel Sullivan Cox, studying in Cincinnati, to Julia Ann Buckingham. Includes 18 letters Jan.-Feb. 1848 and undated; a letter fragment; and 4 envelopes.
Papers: 1857, 1 item. A letter from Samuel Sullivan Cox to the Secretary of the Navy written on April 27, 1857. In the letter, Samuel Cox requests a fair share of the advertising in western newspapers for the Columbus "Der Westbote," Cox says is the preeminent German Democratic newspaper in the midwest. The letter is countersigned by George E. Pugh.
Papers: 1861, 1 item. A letter from S. S. Cox to Mr. King written on January 9, 1861. In the letter, S. S. Cox writes relating mostly to John Keys and to a Republican move to prevent his election.
Papers: 1871, 1 item. A letter from W. S. Grosebeck to Samuel Sullivan Cox written on June 3, 1871. In the letter, W. S. Grosebeck writes relative to the Greenback movement.
Papers: In the Samuel Galloway Papers, 1811-1872, 0.25 cubic foot. Persons represented include Samuel Sullivan Cox.
Papers: In the James Family Papers, 1850-1904, 2 cubic feet. Persons represented include Samuel Sullivan Cox.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Cox, Samuel S. Address of Hon. Samuel Sullivan Cox on the parliamentary heroes of Ireland. New York: Metropolitan Job Print., 1889.

------. Address of Hon. Samuel S. Cox ... at Huron, Dakota, July 4. 1889. New York: Metropolitan Job Print, 1889.

------. Address of Hon. S. S. Cox, to Congress, on fish, May 12, 1884. [Washington: Government Printing Office, 1884].

------. Amnesty and the Jefferson Davis amendment. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1876.

------. Arctic sunbeams: or, From Broadway to the Bosphorus, by way of the North Cape. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1882.

------. Beauties of diplomacy. Speech of Hon. Samuel S. Cox, of New York, in the House of Representatives, February 9, 1876. Washington: [Government Printing Office], 1876.

------. Bleeding--not health. Washington: F. & J. Rives & G. A. Bailey, 1872.

------. A Buckeye abroad; or, Wanderings in Europe, and in the Orient. New-York: G. P. Putnam, 1852. Reprint, Columbus: Follett, Foster and Co., 1859.

------. The cabinet in Congress. Speeches of Hon. S.S. Cox, of Ohio, on the joint resolution to admit the cabinet into the House of Representatives, for debate, etc. Delivered in the House of Representatives, January 26, 1865. [Washington: N.p., 1865].

------. The conscription bill. Speech of Hon. S.S. Cox, of Ohio. Delivered in the House of Representatives, February 26, 1863. [Washington: Towers, Print., 1863].

------. Conciliation and nationality! [Washington: Printed by L. Towers, 1861].

------. De jure and de facto: long talk of Hon. Samuel S. Cox, at Tammany Hall, New York City, July 4, 1877. New York: The National Printing Co., 1877.

------. Decay of integrity - Mortmain and monopoly - Land-trust and restitution - Progress and poverty - A time for reform. Speech of Hon. Samuel S. Cox, in Tammany hall, July 4, 1884. [Washington: Government Printing Office, 1884].

------. Dedicated to the workingman! [Washington: The National Democratic Executive Resident Committee, 1870].

------. Dem arbeiterstand gewidmet. [Washington: Demokratisches executiv-committee in Washington, 1870].

------. Diversions of a diplomat in Turkey. New York: C. L. Webster & Co., 1887.

------. Division of Dakota. Washington: N.p., 1889.

------. Economy--education--mized schools. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1874.

------. Eight years in Congress, from 1857 to 1865. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1865.

------. Emancipation and its results--is Ohio to be Africanized? Speech of Hon. S.S. Cox, of Ohio. Delivered in the House of Representatives, June 6, 1862. [Washington: L. Towers & Co., Printers, 1862].

------. Eulogy of Hon. Stephen Arnold Douglas, one of the regents of the Smithsonian Institution. Prepared at the request of the board, by Hon. Samuel S. Cox ... May, 1862. Washington: The Smithsonian Institution, 1862.

------. Expositions exposed. Washington: [Government Printing Office], 1877.

------. The folly and cost of diplomacy. Washington: N.p., 1874.

------. Free debate in Congress threatened--abolition leaders and their revolutionary schemes unmasked. Speech of Hon. Samuel S. Cox, of Ohio, delivered in the House of Representatives, April 6, 1864. [Washington: N.p., 1864].

------. Free land and free trade. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1880.

------. Gold and good faith; paper money and panic. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1874.

------. Grant of Greeley? Speech of S. S. Cox, of New-York city, in the issues of the presidential campaign of 1872. New-York: S. W. Green, printer, 1872.

------. The isles of the Princes. New York & London: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1887.

------. Key to the dead lock. Speech of Hon, Samuel S. Cox, of New York, in the House of Representatives. Washington: [Government Printing Office], 1876.

------. Lecompton constitution of Kansas. Speech of Hon. Samuel S. Cox, of Ohio, on the President's message. Delivered in the House of Representatives, December 16, 1857. [Washington]: Printed by L. Towers, [1857].

------. Liberalities of trade--consular and diplomatic relations. [Washington: Government Printing Office, 1880].

------. Life: --its perils and slavation. Washington: R. O. Polkinhorn, printer, 1878.

------. Meaning of the elections of 1862. Speech of Hon. S. S. Cox, of Ohio. Delivered in the House of Representatives, December 15, 1862. [Washington: L. Towers & Co., printers, 1862?]

------. Memorial eulogies delivered in the House of Representatives of the United States, by Samuel S. Cox, 1861-1883. Washington: [Government Printing Office], 1883.

------. The Monmouth Centennial [microform]: Oration of Hon. S.S. Cox. Freehold, N.J.: Monmouth Democrat, 1878.

------. Negotiation of loan--The syndiacate--what is it? [Washington: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, 1872].

------. Northern nullifiers. Reply of Hon. S. S. Cox, of Ohio, in reply to Messrs. Hutchins and Stanton. Delivered in the House of Representatives, February 9, 1861. [Washington: Printed by L. Towers, 1861].

------. Ohio politics. Cox after Giddings. "Father Giddings" dodges under the bush with his colored friend. [Washington: Printed by L. Towers, 1859].

------. The organization of the House;--who defend the administration? Washington: [Government Printing Office], 1876.

------. Orient sunbeams : Or, From the porte to the Pyramids by way of Palestine. New York: Putnam, 1882. Reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1977.

------. Our revenues and their treatment--wages and their causes--income and outgo ... Speech of Hon. Samuel S. Cox, of New York, in the House of Representatives, Thursday, March 20, 1884. [Washington: Government Printing Office, 1884].

------. Pretense--and practice. Can fraud reform the civil service? Washington: [Government Printing Office], 1878.

------. Protection to American citizens abroad--Germans and Irish--parties and platforms. Washington: [Government Printing Office], 1876.

------. Punishment or pardon; force or freedom, for the wasted land. Speech of Hon. S. S. Cox, of New York, in the House of Representatives, Saturday, February 27, 1875, on the bill (H. R. no. 4745) to provide against the invasion of states, to prevent the subversion of their authority, and to maintain the security of elections; the sections of which provide penalties of fine and imprisonment, suspension of habeas corpus, appointment of federal election supervisors in the Congressional districts, etc. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1875.

------. Puritanism in politics. Speech of Hon. S. S. Cox, of Ohio, before the Democratic Union Association, January 13, 1863. New York: Van Evrie, Horton & co., 1863.

------. The scholar, as the true progressive and conservative: illustrated in the life of Hugo Grotius, and by the law of nations. An address delivered before the Athenian literary society of the Ohio University, August 3, 1852. Columbus: Printed by Scott & Bascom, 1852.

------. Search for winter sunbeams in the Riviera, Corsica, Algiers, and Spain. New York: D. Appleton & Company, 1880.

------. Speech of Hon., S. S. Cox, before the Johnson Union Club of the 6th Congressional District, New York, on the 9th of August, 1866. [New York: N.p., 1866].

------. Speech of Hon. S. S. Cox, of Ohio, in reply to Hon. Thomas Corwin, on the election of speaker. Delivered in the House of Representatives, December 8, 1959. Washington: Printed by L. Towers, 1859.

------. Speech of Hon. S.S. Cox, of Ohio, in vindication of Gen. McClellan from the attacks of congressional war critics. [Washington, D.C.: Towers & Co., printers, 1862].

------. Speech of Hon. S. S. Cox, of Ohio, on territorial expansion. Delivered in the House of Representatives, January 18, 1859. Washington: Printed by L. Towers, [1859].

------. Speech of Hon. S. S. Cox on the federal census. [Washington: Government Printing Office, 1879].

------. Tariff and protection--protifs and wages--women-workers and infants--toilers in the factories--wealth and poverty ... Speech of Hon. Samuel S. Cox, of New York, in the House of Representatives, Friday, May 2, 1884. [Washington: Government Printing Office, 1884].

------. Tax and tariff. Washington: [Government Printing Office], 1875.

------. The test oath--its repeal. Speech of Hon. S. S. Cox. January 21, 1884. [Washington: Government Printing Office, 1884].

------. Three Decades of Federal Legislation, 1855-1885. 2 vols. Providence: J. A. and R. A. Reid, 1885.

------. Union--disunion--reunion. Three decades of Federal legislation, 1855 to 1885. Personal and historical memories of events preceding, during, and since the American Civil War, involving slavery and secession, emancipation and reconstruction, with sketches of prominent actors during these periods. Washington, D.C.: J. M. Stoddart & Company, 1885. Reprint, Freeport, N.Y.: Books for Libraries Press, [1970].

------. Why we laugh. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1876. Reprint, New York: B. Blom, [1969].

Cox, William Van Zandt. Life of Samuel Sullivan Cox, by his nephew, William Van Zandt Cox, and his friend, Milton Harlow Northrup. Syracuse, N.Y.: M.H. Northrup, 1899.

Lindsey, David. "Samuel Sullivan Cox, 1824-1889." Ph.D. diss., University of Chicago, 1950.

------. "'Sunset' Cox." Civil War Times Illustrated 4 (October 1965): 17-21.

------. "Sunset" Cox: Irrepressible Democrat. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1959.

------. Union. Disunion. R eunion: Three Decades of Federal Legislation. Providence: Reid, 1885.

Steckler Association. Samuel Sullivan Cox. Memorial service, Cooper Union, Thursday evening, October 10, 1889. New York: Press of De Leeuw & Oppenheimer, 1889.

United States. 51st Cong., 1st sess., 1889-1890. Memorial addresses on the life and character of Samuel Sullivan Cox, (a representative from New York), delivered in the House of Representatives and in the Senate, Fifty-first Congress. Washington: Government Printing Office,1890.

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