BURLESON, Albert Sidney

BURLESON, Albert Sidney
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
1863–1937

Biography

BURLESON, Albert Sidney, a Representative from Texas; born in San Marcos, Hays County, Tex., June 7, 1863; attended the public schools and Coronal Institute, San Marcos, Tex., and the Agricultural and Mechanical College, College Station, Tex.; was graduated from Baylor University, Waco, Tex., in 1881 and from the law department of the University of Texas at Austin in 1884; was admitted to the bar in 1884 and commenced practice in Austin, Travis County, Tex., in 1885; assistant city attorney of Austin 1885-1890; served as district attorney of the twenty-sixth judicial district 1891-1898; elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-sixth and to the seven succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1899, until March 6, 1913, when he resigned to become Postmaster General in the Cabinet of President Wilson; served from March 7, 1913, to March 4, 1921, when he retired from public life; chairman of the United States Telegraph and Telephone Administration in 1918; chairman of the United States Commission to the International Wire Communication Conference in 1920; returned to Austin, Tex., and engaged in banking; also interested in agricultural pursuits and the raising of livestock; died in Austin, Tex., November 24, 1937; interment in Oakwood Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library

San Antonio, TX
Papers: 1856-1947, 17 items. The papers of Albert Sidney Burleson contain correspondence and ephemera related to his activities and his wife, Adele Steiner Burleson. Also included are letters to Mrs. Burleson on family genealogy, and badges from the 1898 Texas Democratic Convention and the 1915 conventions of the Texas Postmasters League and the Texas Postmasters Association.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1845-1943, 37 containers. The papers of Albert Sidney Burleson contain correspondence, memoranda, printed matter, scrapbooks, and articles. Included are approximately 300 letters written by Woodrow Wilson, memoranda written or typed by him, and about 100 letters addressed to President Wilson (1912-1920). Some family letters in this group help to clarify the President Wilson's condition at the time of his illness in 1919. Other papers concern Albert Burleson's activity in political campaigns from 1894 to 1936, his part in placing the country's telegraph and telephone systems under federal control during World War I, and his close association with congressmen, especially during the peace treaty debates in 1919. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the William Jennings Bryan Papers, ca. 1877-1940, 24.8 linear feet. Correspondents include Albert Sidney Burleson. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the Josephus Daniels, ca. 1806-1948, 373.8 linear feet. Correspondents include Albert Sidney Burleson. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the Thomas Watt Gregory Papers, ca. 1914-1933, 11.3 linear feet. Correspondents include Albert S. Burleson. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the Woodrow Wilson Papers, 1786-1957, 278,700 items. Correspondents include Albert Sidney Burleson. A finding aid is available in the library. The papers are also available on microfilm.

University of Texas at Austin
Center for American History

Austin, TX
Papers: 1841-1946, approximately 5 linear feet. The collection contains correspondence, legislative files, certificates and appointments, speeches, printed material, newspaper clippings, political cartoons, photographs, and microfilm documenting Albert Sidney Burleson's years in the political arena as a United States congressman from Texas (1899-1913) and as postmaster general in Woodrow Wilson's cabinet (1913-1921). Included is material relating to Albert Burleson's education, to the family history of his wife, Adele Steiner Burleson, and to concerns of the Agriculture, Appropriations, and Banking and Currency committees of the House of Representatives. Other materials cover political campaigns and elections of the era. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Anderson, Adrian N. "Albert Sidney Burleson: A Southern Politician in The Progressive Era." Ph.D. diss., Texas Tech University, 1967.

------. "President Wilson's Politician: Albert Sidney Burleson of Texas." Southwestern Historical Quarterly 77 (January 1974): 339-54.

Burleson, Albert Sidney. Address of Hon. A. S. Burleson, postmaster general. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1919.

Johnson, Donald. "Wilson, Burleson, and Censorship in the First World War." Journal of Southern History 28 (February 1962): 46-58.

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