30th to 39th Congresses (1847–1867)

December 6, 1847 to March 3, 1865

Congress and
Year
Session   Beginning
Date
Adjournment
Date1
Calendar
Days2
Legislative
Days
House Recesses
30th
(1847–1849)
1Dec. 6, 1847 Aug. 14, 1848 195195 
 2Dec. 4, 1848 Mar. 4, 1849 7069 
31st
(1849–1851)
1Dec. 3, 1849Sep. 30, 1850227227 
 2Dec. 2, 1850 Mar. 3, 1851 6969 
32nd
(1851–1853)
1 Dec. 1, 1851 Aug. 31, 1852199199 
 2Dec. 6, 1852Mar. 3, 18536868 
33rd
(1853–1855)
1Dec. 5, 1853 Aug. 7, 1854 176176 
 2Dec. 4, 1854 Mar. 3, 18556868 
34th*
(1855–1857)
1Dec. 3, 1855Aug. 18, 1856194192 
 2Aug. 21, 1856August 30, 185699 
 3Dec. 1, 1856Mar. 3, 18577171 
35th
(1857–1859)
1Dec. 7, 1857Jun. 14, 1858136136Dec. 24, 1867–Jan. 3, 1858
 2Dec. 6, 1858 Mar. 3, 18596664Dec. 24, 1858–Jan. 3, 1859
36th
(1859–1861)
1Dec. 5, 1859 Jun. 25, 1860 154154 
  Dec. 3, 1860 Mar. 2, 1861 6363 
37th*
(1861–1863)
1Jul. 4, 1861Aug. 6, 18612828 
 2Dec. 2, 1861 Jul. 17, 1862163163 
 3Dec. 1, 1862Mar. 4, 18636463Dec. 24, 1862–Jan. 4, 1863
38th
(1863–1865)
1Dec. 7, 1863Jul. 4, 1864159157Dec. 24, 1863–Jan. 4, 1864
 2Dec. 5, 1864 Mar. 4, 18656160Dec. 22, 1864–Jan. 4, 1865
39th
(1865–1867)
1Dec. 4, 1865 Jul. 28, 1866175175Dec. 7–10, 1865;
Dec. 23, 1865–Jan. 4, 1866
 2Dec. 3, 1866Mar. 3, 1867 6864Dec. 20, 1866–Jan. 3, 1867

*Indicates that a special session of the House and/or Senate was convened during a Congress. Article II, Section 3 of the constitution provides that the President "may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them." This procedure occurs only if the Congress is convened by presidential proclamation. Extraordinary sessions have been called by the Chief Executive to urge the Congress to focus on important national issues. These are separate sessions of Congress, unless otherwise noted. Source: Congressional Directory; House Journal.

Footnotes

1The adjournment date is consistently referred to as the last calendar date of the session, regardless of the legislative day.

2"Calendar days" is defined as the total number of calendar days from the convening date to adjournment date that Congress met during that session. “Legislative days” indicates the total days Congress recorded as a working parliamentary day.