1st to 9th Congresses (1789–1807)

March 4, 1789 to March 3, 1807 

Congress and
Year
SessionBeginning
Date
Adjournment
Date
Calendar
Days2  
Legislative
Days
House Recesses
1st
(1789–1791)
1Mar. 4, 1789 Sep. 29, 1789 168168 
 2Jan. 4, 1790 Aug. 12, 1790166166 
 3Dec. 6, 1790 Mar. 3, 1791 7070 
2nd*
(1791–1793)
1Oct. 24, 1791May 8, 1792 150150 
 2Nov. 5, 1792Mar. 2, 1793 91 91 
3rd*
(1793–1795)
1Dec. 2, 1793Jun. 9, 1794 141141 
 2Nov. 3, 1794 Mar. 3, 1795 8888 
4th*
(1795–1797)
1Dec. 7, 1795 Jun. 1, 1796 133133 
 2Dec. 5, 1796Mar. 3, 1797 6666 
5th*
(1797–1799)
1May 15, 1797Jul. 10, 1797 4646 
 2Nov. 13, 1797Jul. 16, 1798 183183 
 3Dec. 3, 1798Mar. 3, 17996970 
6th
(1799–1801)
1Dec. 2, 1799May 13, 1800117117 
 2Nov. 17, 1800Mar. 3, 1801 7772Dec. 24–29, 1800
7th*
(1801–1803)
1Dec. 7, 1801May 3, 1802111111 
  Dec. 6, 1802Mar. 3, 1803 6666 
8th
(1803–1805)
  
1Oct. 17, 1803Mar. 27, 1804 127128 
 2Nov. 5, 1804Mar. 3, 1805 9090 
9th
(1805–1807)
1Dec. 2, 1805 Apr. 21, 1806 101101 
  Dec. 1, 1806Mar. 3, 18077070 

*Indicates that a special session of the Senate was convened during a Congress. Article II, Section 3 of the constitution provides that the President "may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them." This procedure occurs only if the Congress is convened by presidential proclamation. Extraordinary sessions have been called by the Chief Executive to urge the Congress to focus on important national issues. These are separate sessions of Congress, unless otherwise noted. Source: Congressional Directory; House Journal.

Footnotes

1The adjournment date is consistently referred to as the last calendar date of the session, regardless of the legislative day.

2"Calendar days" is defined as the total number of calendar days from the convening date to adjournment date that Congress met during that session. “Legislative days” indicates the total days Congress recorded as a working parliamentary day.