Party Divisions of the House of Representatives*

1789–1935

Party Divisions of the House of Representatives, 1789–Present
Party Divisions of the House of Representatives, 74th Congress–Present (1935–Present)

Congress (Years)
# of House Seats
Pro-Administration
Anti-Administration
Other
Del./Res.
1st (1789-1791)
65
37
28
0
0/0
2nd (1791-1793)
69
39
30
0
0/0
3rd (1793-1795)
106
51
54
0
1/0
Congress (Years)
# of House Seats
Federalists
Jeffersonian Republicans
Other
Del./Res.
4th (1795-1797)
106
47
59
0
1/0
5th (1797-1799)
106
57
49
0
0/0
6th (1799-1801)
106
60
46
0
1/0
7th (1801-1803)
106
38
68
0
2/0
8th (1803-1805)
142
39
103
0
1/0
9th (1805-1807)
142
28
114
0
3/0
10th (1807-1809)
142
26
116
0
3/0
11th (1809-1811)
142
50
92
0
3/0
12th (1811-1813)
143
36
107
0
5/0
13th (1813-1815)
182
68
114
0
4/0
14th (1815-1817)
183
64
119
0
4/0
15th (1817-1819)
185
39
146
0
4/0
16th (1819-1821)
186
26
160
0
4/0
17th (1821-1823)
187
32
155
0
4/0
Congress (Years)
# of House Seats
Adams-Clay Republicans
Jackson Republicans
Other
Del./Res.
18th (1823-1825)
213
72
64
Crawford Republicans (53),
Adams-Clay Federalists (15),
Jackson Federalists (7),
Crawford Federalists (2)
3/0
Congress (Years)
# of House Seats
Adams
Jacksons
Other
Del./Res.
19th (1825-1827)
213
109
104
0
3/0
20th (1827-1829)
213
100
113
0
3/0
Congress (Years)
# of House Seats
Anti-Jacksons
Jacksons
Other
Del./Res.
21st (1829-1831)
213
72
136
Anti-Masonics (5)
3/0
22nd (1831-1833)
213
66
126
Anti-Masonics (17),
Nullifiers (4)
3/0
23rd (1833-1835)
240
63
143
Anti-Masonics (25),
Nullifiers (9)
3/0
24th (1835-1837)
242
75
143
Anti-Masonics (16),
Nullifiers (8)
4/0
Congress (Years)
# of House Seats
Democrats
Whigs
Other
Del./Res.
25th (1837-1839)
242
128
100
Anti-Masonics (7),
Nullifiers (6),
Independent (1)
3/0
26th (1839-1841)
242
125
109
Anti-Masonics (6),
Conservatives (2)
3/0
27th (1841-1843)
242
98
142
Independent (1),
Independent Democrat (1)
3/0
28th (1843-1845)
223
147
72
Law and Order (2),
Independent Democrat (1),
Independent Whig (1)
3/0
29th (1845-1847)
228
142
79
American (6)
2/0
30th (1847-1849)
230
110
116
Independent Democrats (2),
American (1),
Independent (1)
1/0
31st (1849-1851)
233
113
108
Free Soilers (9),
American (1),
Independent (1)
2/0
32nd (1851-1853)
233
127
85
Unionists (10),
Free Soilers (4),
Independent Democrats (3),
States Rights (3),
Independent Whig (1)
4/0
33rd (1853-1855)
234
157
71
Free Soilers (4),
Independent (1),
Independent Democrat (1)
7/0
Congress (Years)
# of House Seats
Democrats
Oppositions
Other
Del./Res.
34th (1855-1857)
234
83
100
Americans (51)
7/0
Congress (Years)
# of House Seats
Democrats
Republicans
Other
Del./Res.
35th (1857-1859)
237
132
90
Americans (14),
Independent Democrat (1)
7/0
36th (1859-1861)
238
83
116
Opposition (19),
Anti-Lecompton Democrats (8),
Independent Democrats (7),
Americans (5)
5/0
37th (1861-1863)
183
44
108
Unionists (26),
Constitutional Unionists (2),
Unions (2),
Independent Democrat (1)
7/0
38th (1863-1865)
184
72
85
Unconditional Unionists (16),
Unionists (9),
Independent Republicans (2)
10/0
39th (1865-1867)
193
38
136
Unconditional Unionists (13),
Unionists (5),
Independent Republican (1)
9/0
40th (1867-1869)
226
47
173
Conservatives (2),
Conservative Republican (1),
Independent Republican (1)
8/0
41st (1869-1871)
243
67
171
Conservatives (5)
9/0
42nd (1871-1873)
243
104
136
Liberal Republicans (2),
Independent Republican (1)
10/0
43rd (1873-1875)
292
88
199
Liberal Republicans (4),
Independent Democrat (1)
10/0
44th (1875-1877)
293
182
103
Independents (4),
Independent Republicans (3),
Independent Democrat (1)
9/0
Congress (Years)
# of House Seats
Democrats
Republicans
Other
Del./Res.
45th (1877-1879)
293
155
136
Independent Democrats (2)
8/0
46th (1879-1881)
293
141
132
Nationals (13),
Independent Democrats (7)
8/0
47th (1881-1883)
293
128
151
Nationals (10),
Readjuster Democrats (2),
Independent (1),
Independent Democrat (1)
8/0
48th (1883-1885)
325
196
117
Readjusters (4),
Independent Democrats (3),
Independents (2),
Nationals (2),
Independent Republican (1)
8/0
49th (1885-1887)
325
182
141
Independent Democrat (1),
National (1)
8/0
50th (1887-1889)
325
167
152
Independent Republicans (2),
Labors (2),
Independent (1),
National (1)
8/0
51st (1889-1891)
332
152
179
Labor (1)
9/0
52nd (1891-1893)
332
238
86
Populists (8)
4/0
53rd (1893-1895)
356
218
124
Populists (11),
Independent Democrats (2),
Silver (1)
4/0
54th (1895-1897)
357
93
254
Populists (9),
Silver (1)
4/0
Congress (Years)
# of House Seats
Democrats
Republicans
Other
Del./Res.
55th (1897-1899)
357
124
206
Populists (22),
Silver Republicans (3),
Independent Republican (1),
Silver (1)
3/0
56th (1899-1901)
357
161
187
Populists (5),
Silver Republicans (2),
Independent Populist (1),
Silver (1)
4/0
57th (1901-1903)
357
151
200
Populists (5),
Silver Republican (1)
4/1
58th (1903-1905)
386
176
207
Independent Republicans (3)
4/1
59th (1905-1907)
386
135
251
0
5/1
60th (1907-1909)
391
167
223
Independent Republican (1)
5/1
61st (1909-1911)
391
172
219
0
4/3
62nd (1911-1913)
394
230
162
Progressive Republican (1),
Socialist (1)
4/3
63rd (1913-1915)
435
291
134
Progressives (9),
Independent (1)
2/3
64th (1915-1917)
435
230
196
Progressive (6),
Independent (1),
Prohibitionist (1),
Socialist (1)
2/3
Congress (Years)
# of House Seats
Democrats
Republicans
Other
Del./Res.
65th (1917-1919)
435
214
215
Progressives (3),
Independent Republican (1),
Prohibitionist (1),
Socialist (1)
2/3
66th (1919-1921)
435
192
240
Prohibitionist (1),
Union-Labor (1)
2/3
67th (1921-1923)
435
131
302
Independent Republican (1),
Socialist (1)
2/3
68th (1923-1925)
435
207
225
Farmer-Labor (2),
Socialist (1)
2/3
69th (1925-1927)
435
183
247
Farmer-Labor (3),
American-Labor (1),
Socialist (1)
2/3
70th (1927-1929)
435
194
238
Farmer-Labor (2),
Socialist (1)
2/3
71st (1929-1931)
435
164
270
Farmer-Labor (1)
2/3
72nd (1931-1933)1
435
216
218
Farmer-Labor (1)
2/3
73rd (1933-1935)
435
313
117
Farmer-Labor (5)
2/3

Footnotes

*Party division totals are based on November election day results. The actual party division of a particular Congress often changes due to the death or resignation of a Member, contested elections, or changes in Member party affiliations.

1Before the first day of Congress, 14 Representatives-elect died. The results of the special elections caused party control of the House to change, and Democrats organized with the majority of the House seats.