On June 12, 1919, Missouri Governor Frederick D. Gardner called for the general assembly to convene in a July 2 special session to consider the Susan B. Anthony Amendment to the Constitution, extending the right of suffrage to women. Hoping his state would serve as an example for the rest of the country, he said, “Missouri must take the lead in this long-deferred justice to the state and the nation.” On July 3, as packed galleries observed, the Missouri senate followed the lead of the house of representatives and voted to ratify the amendment. Missouri was the 11th state to vote for ratification. Tennessee’s ratification on August 24, 1920, met the threshold for the three-fourths of states required to amend the Constitution, just in time to allow women nationwide to participate in the November elections.
The ratification is signed by the Missouri’s secretary of state and affixed with the state seal. The original ratification documents, including those of Missouri and Tennessee, were laid before the House of Representatives by the Speaker and became official records of the House of Representatives. The state ratifications of the 19th Amendment are now part of the records of the Committee on Woman Suffrage.