Historical Highlights

Representative Edith Starrett Green of Oregon

January 17, 1910
Representative Edith Starrett Green of Oregon Courtesy of Library of Congress Representative Edith Green, the second woman elected to Congress from Oregon, served in the U.S. House from 1955 to 1974.
Representative Edith Starrett Green of Oregon was born on this date in Trent, South Dakota. From the time that she was elected to the 84th Congress (1955–1957), through her service in the nine succeeding Congresses, Green left her mark on almost every education bill enacted and eventually earned the epithet “Mother of Higher Education.” Among her major legislative triumphs, were the National Defense Education Act of 1958 which established loans for impoverished college students and graduate fellowships for college instructors in math and the sciences. She also authored both the landmark Higher Education Act of 1965 and Title IX of the 1972 Higher Education Act, the latter of which prohibited federally funded colleges and universities from discriminating against women.

Related Highlight Subjects

Fast Facts

Since 1917, when Representative Jeannette Rankin of Montana became the first woman to serve in Congress, more than 300 women have followed. Women in Congress documents their service.

More >

Fast Facts

Brush up on House history with a series of fact sheets on Speakers, the House Rostrum, Official Records, House Committees, and other related topics.

More >