Women Members Who Became Cabinet Members and United States Diplomats

To date, 14 congresswomen have been appointed by the President and confirmed by the U.S. Senate as Foreign Ministers, Ambassadors, and Cabinet Secretaries. This chronological list includes nine Representatives and two Senators. Of them, only Representative Margaret Heckler (R-MA, 1967–1983) served as both a Cabinet Secretary and an Ambassador. Senator Elizabeth Dole (R–NC, 2003–2009) served in two different Cabinet Secretary positions under two different Presidents.

Member NamePresidential AdministrationPosition
Ruth Bryan Owen First Administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt United States Minister to Denmark, 1933–1936
Emily Taft DouglasSecond Administration of Harry S. Truman United States Representative to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 1950
Clare Boothe LuceFirst Administration of Dwight D. Eisenhower United States Ambassador to Italy, 1953–1957
Clare Boothe LuceSecond Administration of Dwight D. Eisenhower United States Ambassador to Brazil, 1959–1959*
Kathryn E. GranahanAdministration of John. F Kennedy Secretary of the Treasury, 1963–1967**
Kathryn E. GranahanFirst Administration of Lyndon B. JohnsonSecretary of the Treasury, 1963–1967**
Elizabeth DoleFirst Administration of Ronald ReaganSecretary of Transportation, 1983–1987
Millicent FenwickFirst Administration of Ronald ReaganUnited States Ambassador to the United Nations Agencies for Food and Agriculture, 1983–1985
Margaret M. HecklerFirst Administration of Ronald ReaganSecretary of Health & Human Services, 1983–1985
Margaret M. HecklerSecond Administration of Ronald ReaganUnited States Ambassador to Ireland, 1986–1989
Elizabeth DoleAdministration of George H.W. BushSecretary of Labor, 1989–1990
Lynn MartinAdministration of George H.W. BushSecretary of Labor, 1991–1993
Corinne Claiborne (Lindy) BoggsSecond Administration of William Jefferson ClintonUnited States Ambassador to the Vatican, 1997–2001
Carol Moseley-BraunSecond Administration of William Jefferson ClintonUnited States Ambassador to New Zealand, 1999–2001
Carol Moseley-BraunSecond Administration of William Jefferson ClintonUnited States Ambassador to Samoa, 1999–2001
Constance A. MorellaFirst Administration of George W. BushUnited States Ambassador to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, 2003–2004
Constance A. MorellaSecond Administration of George W. BushUnited States Ambassador to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, 2004–2007
Hillary Rodham ClintonFirst Administration of Barack ObamaSecretary of State, 2009–2013
Hilda L. SolisFirst Administration of Barack ObamaSecretary of Labor, 2009–2013
Ellen O’Kane Tauscher  First Administration of Barack ObamaUnder Secretary for Arms Control and International Security, Department of State, 2009–2012

* Clare Boothe Luce was confirmed for Ambassador to Brazil by the Senate, but resigned before her sevice began.

** Kathryn E. Granahan was appointed by President John F. Kennedy and continued to serve under President Lyndon B. Johnson