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98th Congress (1983–1985)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 435 Representatives
  • 4 Delegates
  • 1 Resident Commissioner

Party Divisions:*

  • 269 Democrats
  • 166 Republicans

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

  • Election Statistics, 1982 [PDF]

Congress Overview

Republicans maintained control of the Senate, and Democrats added to their House majority after the 1982 elections. The growing budget deficit stymied the 98th Congress (1983–1985). Budget legislation passed in one chamber could not to pass in the other. When a truck bomb destroyed the U.S. Marine barrack in Beruit, Lebanon killing more than 240 servicemen, Congress and the President sparred over the international peacekeeping mission there. Congress also refused to grant aid to Nicaraguan rebels. Russo–American relations soured further after the Soviets shot down Korean Airlines Flight 007. All passengers, including Georgia Representative Larry McDonald, were killed.

Historical Highlights

See more Historical Highlights.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 98th Congress [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
Thomas P. O'Neill, Jr. (D–Massachusetts)
Majority Leader:
James C. Wright, Jr (D–Texas)
Minority Leader:
Robert H. Michel (R–Illinois)
Democratic Whip:
Thomas S. Foley (D–Washington)
Republican Whip:
Trent Lott (R–Mississippi)
Democratic Caucus Chairman:
Gillis W. Long (D–Louisiana)
Republican Conference Chairman:
Jack Kemp (R–New York)
Clerk of the House:
Benjamin J. Guthrie
Sergeant at Arms:
Jack Russ
Chaplain of the House:
James D. Ford – Lutheran
Doorkeeper:
James T. Molloy
Postmaster:
Robert V. Rota
Parliamentarian:
William Holmes Brown

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section

Legislative Activities

Legislation of the 98th Congress (Congress.gov):
Bill Summary & Status for the 98th Congress
Résumés of Congressional Activity:
Résumés of Congressional Activity for the 98th Congress [PDF]
Public Laws (Congress.gov):
Public Laws 98th Congress
House and Senate Days-In-Session Calendars (Congress.gov):
Days-in-Session Calendars for the 98th Congress