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94th Congress (1975–1977)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 435 Representatives
  • 3 Delegates
  • 1 Resident Commissioner

Party Divisions:*

  • 291 Democrats
  • 144 Republicans

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

  • Election Statistics, 1974 [PDF]

Congress Overview

Democrats made huge electoral gains in the House and expanded their Senate majority following the 1974 elections in the aftermath of the Watergate scandal and President Richard Nixon’s resignation. The 94th Congress (1975–1977) passed a $22.8 billion tax cut in an effort to stimulate a depressed economy. Congress authorized President Gerald R. Ford, the former House Minority Leader, to deal with energy emergencies. Facing military defeat in the region, Congress refused the President’s request for additional funding for South Vietnam.

Historical Highlights

    See more Historical Highlights.

    Member Information

    • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 94th Congress [PDF]
    • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

    Learn more about the People of the People's House

    Leadership & Officers

    Speaker of the House:
    Carl B. Albert (D–Oklahoma)
    Majority Leader:
    Thomas P. O'Neill Jr. (D–Massachusetts)
    Minority Leader:
    John J. Rhodes (R–Arizona)
    Democratic Whip:
    John J. McFall (D–California)
    Republican Whip:
    Robert H. Michel (R–Illinois)
    Democratic Caucus Chairman:
    Philip Burton (D–California)
    Republican Conference Chairman:
    John B. Anderson (R–Illinois)
    Clerk of the House:
    W. Pat Jennings 1
    Edmund L. Henshaw, Jr. 2
    Sergeant at Arms:
    Kenneth R. Harding
    Chaplain of the House:
    Edward G. Latch – Methodist
    James T. Molloy
    Robert V. Rota
    William Holmes Brown

    To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section

    Legislative Activities

    Legislation of the 94th Congress (
    Bill Summary & Status for the 94th Congress
    Résumés of Congressional Activity:
    Résumés of Congressional Activity for the 94th Congress [PDF]


    1Resigned on November 15, 1975. House Journal, 94th Cong., 1st sess., (November 17, 1975): H1790.

    2Appointed acting Clerk on November 16, 1975, "to act as and to exercise temporarily" the duties of Clerk of the House. See, House Journal, 94th Cong., 1st sess., (November 17, 1975): H1790.