*Party division totals are based on election day results.
Democrats made huge electoral gains in the House and expanded their Senate majority following the 1974 elections in the aftermath of the Watergate scandal and President Richard Nixon’s resignation. The 94th Congress (1975–1977) passed a $22.8 billion tax cut in an effort to stimulate a depressed economy. Congress authorized President Gerald R. Ford, the former House Minority Leader, to deal with energy emergencies. Facing military defeat in the region, Congress refused the President’s request for additional funding for South Vietnam.
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1Resigned on November 15, 1975. House Journal, 94th Cong., 1st sess., (November 17, 1975): H1790.
2Appointed acting Clerk on November 16, 1975, "to act as and to exercise temporarily" the duties of Clerk of the House. See, House Journal, 94th Cong., 1st sess., (November 17, 1975): H1790.