Democrats kept control of Congress in 1972 despite Republican President Richard Nixon’s landslide re-election. The 93rd Congress (1973–1975) responded to unilateral presidential actions with the War Powers Resolution, a new federal budget process, campaign reforms, and the Freedom of Information Act. Congressional investigations implicated Nixon in widespread misconduct after a break-in at the Democratic Party’s Watergate complex offices in Washington, but Nixon resigned before the House filed articles of impeachment against him. Using the 25th Amendment for the first time, Congress twice confirmed an appointed Vice President. Congress also reorganized energy policies, reformed private pensions, and set environmental standards.
1Resigned from the House of Representatives on December 6, 1973, after having been confirmed by the Senate to become Vice President to fill the vacancy created by the resignation of Vice President Spiro Agnew.
2Elected Minority Leader by the Republican Conference on December 7, 1973.
3Resigned effective December 31, 1974. See, Congressional Record, 93rd Cong., 2nd sess., (December 19, 1974): 2549.
4Appointed “to act as and to temporarily exercise” the duties of Doorkeeper effective December 31, 1974. See, Congressional Record, 93rd Cong., 2nd sess., (December 19, 1974): 2549.
5Retired on June 27, 1974.
6Appointed due to Deschler's retirement. See, Los Angeles Times, June 27, 1974: 2.