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93rd Congress (1973–1975)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 435 Representatives
  • 3 Delegates
  • 1 Resident Commissioner

Party Divisions:*

  • 243 Democrats
  • 192 Republicans

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

  • Election Statistics, 1972 [PDF]
Carl Bert Albert/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_albert_2005_016_046.xml Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object

Congress Overview

Democrats kept control of Congress in 1972 despite Republican President Richard Nixon’s landslide re-election. The 93rd Congress (1973–1975) responded to unilateral presidential actions with the War Powers Resolution, a new federal budget process, campaign reforms, and the Freedom of Information Act. Congressional investigations implicated Nixon in widespread misconduct after a break-in at the Democratic Party’s Watergate complex offices in Washington, but Nixon resigned before the House filed articles of impeachment against him. Using the 25th Amendment for the first time, Congress twice confirmed an appointed Vice President. Congress also reorganized energy policies, reformed private pensions, and set environmental standards.

Historical Highlights

See more Historical Highlights.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 93rd Congress [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
Carl B. Albert (D–Oklahoma)
Majority Leader:
Thomas P. O'Neill Jr. (D–Massachusetts)
Minority Leader:
Gerald R. Ford (R–Michigan) 1
John J. Rhodes (R–AZ) 2
Democratic Whip:
John J. McFall (D–California)
Republican Whip:
Leslie C. Arends (R–Illinois)
Democratic Caucus Chairman:
Olin Teague (D–Texas)
Republican Conference Chairman:
John B. Anderson (R–Illinois)
Clerk of the House:
W. Pat Jennings
Sergeant at Arms:
Kenneth R. Harding
Chaplain of the House:
Edward G. Latch – Methodist
Doorkeeper:
William M. Miller 3
James T. Molloy 4
Postmaster:
Robert V. Rota
Parliamentarian:
Lewis Deschler 5
William Holmes Brown 6

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section

Legislative Activities

Legislation of the 93rd Congress (Congress.gov):
Bill Summary & Status for the 93rd Congress
Résumés of Congressional Activity:
Résumés of Congressional Activity for the 93rd Congress [PDF]

Footnotes

1Resigned from the House of Representatives on December 6, 1973, after having been confirmed by the Senate to become Vice President to fill the vacancy created by the resignation of Vice President Spiro Agnew.

2Elected Minority Leader by the Republican Conference on December 7, 1973.

3Resigned effective December 31, 1974. See, Congressional Record, 93rd Cong., 2nd sess., (December 19, 1974): 2549.

4Appointed “to act as and to temporarily exercise” the duties of Doorkeeper effective December 31, 1974. See, Congressional Record, 93rd Cong., 2nd sess., (December 19, 1974): 2549.

5Retired on June 27, 1974.

6Appointed due to Deschler's retirement. See, Los Angeles Times, June 27, 1974: 2.