*Party division totals are based on election day results.
The Louisiana Purchase was the first order of business for the 8th Congress (1803–1805). While President Thomas Jefferson raised a series of constitutional objections to the purchase, Congress brushed them aside and appropriated $15 million towards acquiring the massive land tract. Less successful was the partisan attack on the Federalist judiciary through the constitutional power of impeachment and removal. Though Jeffersonian Republicans did successfully remove a minor district judge, the Senate acquitted Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase, following the House’s impeachment of him.
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To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section