/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_mccormack_2005_016_045.xmlCollection of the U.S. House of Representatives About this object
Democrats lost seats but retained control of Congress and narrowly won the presidency after the 1960 elections. The House added seats to its Rules Committee, the effect of which enhanced the leadership’s powers and reduced an obstacle to social reform legislation. The 87th Congress (1961–1963) established the Peace Corps, which sent American volunteers overseas to provide technical training; provided the first federal assistance to mass transportation; and strengthened the Food and Drug Administration’s regulatory controls. Sam Rayburn of Texas died with the record for longest service as House Speaker.