*Party division totals are based on election day results.
For the first time since 1928, Republicans organized both houses of Congress and the White House. An armistice in Korea eased the need for national security legislation, and the 83rd Congress (1953–1955) dealt little with foreign policy beyond a few political asylum measures. Instead, it created the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare; authorized U.S. cooperation with Canada in building the St. Lawrence Seaway; codified the internal-revenue code; and banned communists from holding any trade-union offices. Congress also addressed energy issues involving the distribution of off-shore mineral rights and the development of atomic energy.
See more Historical Highlights.
To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section
1Served from July 8, 1953, to September 15, 1953, to fill vacancy.
2Elected January 3, 1953; died July 7, 1953
3Appointed September 15, 1953
4Elected January 3, 1953