/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_martin_2005_016_044.xmlCollection of the U.S. House of Representatives About this object
For the first time since 1928, Republicans organized both houses of Congress and the White House. An armistice in Korea eased the need for national security legislation, and the 83rd Congress (1953–1955) dealt little with foreign policy beyond a few political asylum measures. Instead, it created the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare; authorized U.S. cooperation with Canada in building the St. Lawrence Seaway; codified the internal-revenue code; and banned communists from holding any trade-union offices. Congress also addressed energy issues involving the distribution of off-shore mineral rights and the development of atomic energy.