/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_bankhead_2005_016_042.xmlCollection of the U.S. House of Representatives About this object
Democrats maintained large congressional majorities, and President Franklin D. Roosevelt won easy re-election in the 1936 elections. Roosevelt’s failed attempt to pack the Supreme Court with sympathetic justices helped foster a “conservative coalition” of Southern Democrats and Republicans in the 75th Congress (1937–1939). The House and Senate continued to pass New Deal legislation, including farm and housing loan programs and new minimum wage standards. Congress regulated crop and natural gas production, civilian aviation, and food and drug ads. The rapid escalation of hostilities in Europe and Asia convinced Congress to create a “two-ocean” navy as war appeared increasingly likely.